The Critical Need for E-Cat Technology for Food Production and Affordability

E-Cat World encourages readers to submit articles and essays for possible publication. There are many people with varied interests, knowledge and skills who are following the E-Cat story and I’d like to provide opportunities for those who are interested to share some of their thoughts with our readers. On this site I am assuming that Andrea Rossi is not a fraudster and that there is something to this technology, therefore I don’t intend to post articles that are overly negative towards the E-Cat in their tone. Please send submissions for considerations to [email protected]

The following essay was submitted by Christopher Calder.

A clear-cut public demonstration of Andrea Rossi’s nickel-hydrogen fusion technology is desperately needed, one that is conclusive beyond doubt, not simultaneously promising and “murky,” as the recent October 6th test in Bologna. Many highly qualified scientists have tested Rossi’s E-Cats hands-on, and have become enthusiastic about their potential, so I believe the odds are in favor that nickel-hydrogen fusion is an authentic, usable energy source. Scams and hoaxes usually cannot not pass even one independent test, let alone a dozen or more. That said, I get worried when Rossi states that he has been unable to produce electricity efficiently with E-Cats. Is this because the technology in its present state of development does not put out as much energy as Rossi calculates?

Rossi says this is due to the relatively low temperatures E-Cats must currently operate at for safety reasons. Geothermal companies have been using low level heat to produce electricity for years, so the current operating temperatures of E-Cats should be sufficient to produce electricity at reasonable cost. Rossi continues to use water as the heat transfer medium in his designs, but Defkalion uses a more efficient chemical fluid in their E-Cat based Hyperion Modules, which I would assume is similar to the fluids geothermal companies use in their electricity generating equipment.

I would hope that Andrea Rossi and Defkalion could get back together to generate electricity, not just hot water, with nickel-hydrogen fusion. Then all the skeptics would have to do is measure electrical input vs. electrical output. Such a test, if run for at least 24 hours, could not be criticized because any employee of Radio Shack would have the skills and equipment needed to accurately measure the results. I also wish Rossi and Defkalion would partner with a large Japanese firm to bring low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) technology to the marketplace as quickly as possible.

Fuji Electric builds geothermal power plants and could supply all the expertise needed for the efficient generation of electricity. Toshiba, Mitsubishi, and a number of other large Japanese firms could help as well, experimenting with E-Cat modules that are 10 meters long, not just tabletop sized. Japanese companies have a long history of cooperating with one another for the good of their nation. After the recent earthquake and tsunami induced fission nuclear accidents, resource scarce Japan is desperately looking for safer, lower cost energy alternatives. Japan has the cash, the technical skills, and the marketing infrastructure needed to deliver usable nickel-hydrogen fusion technology at warp speed.

Human civilization is collapsing in front of our eyes, in large part because of sky high energy prices, which immediately result in sky high food prices. FOOD EQUALS ENERGY AND ENERGY EQUALS FOOD. It takes so much energy to produce food that any increase in energy prices always results in increased food prices, a lesson well known environmental radicals have yet to comprehend.

If we do not develop cheap energy sources soon, billions will starve to death worldwide, and millions more will go hungry in the United States and Europe.
Windmills, solar farms, wave energy machines, and all the other nonsensical feel-good “renewable” energy schemes are only making human civilization weaker, because they can never work efficiently enough to replace the highly concentrated energy of fossil fuels. Traditional hydroelectric power is of great value, but the newer Rube Goldberg renewable, but not sustainable, energy schemes take up far too much space and consume too many vital resources to be anything but destructive when used for large scale energy production. We need marketable nickel-hydrogen fusion technology now, not just to make money, but to save us all.

Christopher Calder – nonprofit food security advocate.

  • “I get worried when Rossi states that he has been unable to produce electricity.” You are absolutely right that the e-cat can be married with a steam or stirling engine to produce electricity. The question, of course, is why has Dr. Rossi not generated electricity? I think there are three possible answers.

    First is that electricity generation from heat is shockingly inefficient. The best that he could reasonably achieve is 30% efficiency. I think he would have more trouble getting 1.5kw of electricity out of the thing than the 5 kw of heat that he gets.

    Second, except on large industrial scales efficient heat to electricity engines are simply not on the market. One must remember that the first “large industrial scale” e-cat is only becoming ready. I am also sure that a “large industrial scale” turbine costs big bucks and involves complex installation, something Dr. Rossi is not up for right now.

    Most likely, however, is that Dr. Rossi is a busy man, still really perfecting his prototype. We have noticed the new “frequency”. This “frequency device” is clearly a recent development, showing just how experimental, how in flux, the e-cat still is. Why should he waste his time doing a heat to electricity conversion?

    You said, “Human civilization is collapsing in front of our eyes, in large part because of sky high energy prices.” You are generally correct, the first world is in a state of extreme crisis. I am not sure that energy prices are nearly as primary in that issue as the whole debt game is. However, its going to take 5 – 10 years before we can go to any store and buy anything except a heater that has an e-cat in it. This time schedule is not ignoring the fact that “Japan has the cash, the technical skills, and the marketing infrastructure needed to deliver usable nickel-hydrogen fusion technology at warp speed”, it is because of this. The next issue that must be factored in is the fact that for many the e-cat will be very bad news. Consider the economies of oil producing nations. Some of these nations have virtually no other exports. Though the e-cat will be incredibly freeing and incredibly stimulating to the economy in general, it will come with a lot of pain for some.

    • daniel maris

      I recall energy costs account for about 15% of the value of the UK’s economy (don’t know whether that’s tax adjusted or not). I guess if the cost could be cut by half, then you might give your economy a potential boost of over 7% – ball park figures! – but of course you lose it’s not that simple. A lot of people are employed in the carbon industries – oil, gas and coal – and they would suffer their own recession.

      I think Dr Rossi said that the frequency thingey was previously incoporated in the device – hence the reason why people had not noticed it before.

      With a lot of green energy sources – Rossi’s E cat included – the cost structure is front loaded. We need to have some estimates of the operational life of an E cat to be able to assess amortised costs. Given it involves water and steam, I don’t think the life will be much longer than a standard boiler – but having said that our home boiler is 40 years old!

  • daniel maris

    Chris –

    An interesting article – I found much to agree with and a lot to disagree with as well!

    I am not sure civilisation is about to collapse but there certainly is pressure on food prices and that pressure will rise. We do need cheap energy so we can produce cheap food using irrigation, hydroponics, artificial lighting, polytunnels and farm towers and bringing into play marginal land.

    Your mention of GT heat-elec conversion is interesting. Sounds like it should be v. relevant.

    However, you aren’t correct about wind energy. Wind energy costs are already better than new generation nuclear and clean coal – they are almost comparable with coal. In an auction in Brazil recently wind energy even undercut natural gas (although I do wonder how that came to be!).

    Wave energy is in its infancy – but I think it has great potential. I think onshore facilities will be the future.

    Solar energy can pay back over 5-20 years, depending on where you are on the globe, after which you get essentially free energy due to the v. low maintenance costs.

    The E cat’s costs are as yet unknown, but given the estimate circulated of 15000 Euros for a small 27Kw unit, they aren’t taking us to a new age yet.

    Of course we should see economies of scale and I hope that it will be able to deliver electricity below the cost of natural gas.

    Incidentally the cheapest elec generation I have come across is La Rance (the tidal barrage) in France. It long ago paid of its investment costs and now produces electricity at about half the price of natural gas.

  • Very good essay. LENR may be the technology our civilization need to remain in the planet, assuming nature will have time to reverse damages due C02 absorved. Combining E-cat with Einstein refrigerator principle, it is possible to produce cheap refrigeration systems capable to conserve fish and marine foods cheapening this important protein source. Let´s remember number #1 Millennium ONU objective: eliminate hunger worldwide.

  • Brama

    Dear Chris,
    I understand your essay as your point of view from you being a “nonprofit food security advocate”, but we have to face the situation we are observing (since 99% of us are not directly involved with the e-cat).

    On one side we have Andrea Rossi, with a potentially life changing technology, not willing to reveal his invention (out of all the good reasons), trying to make and deliver a product and making the profit himself.

    On the other hand we are in a world ruled by business, hungry for cheap energy (might this be out of profit, welfare, social development, etc.) and competitors looking for a market advantage.

    So now there is Mr. Rossi with his invention. He knows, that his technology can change the world. He knows, that if he reveals his secrets, everybody will be able to produce it.

    So what is his choice? He will not reveal his secret, he wants to produce the ecat himself and probably also sell it

    First, a look at his personal strategy:
    I consider this a big mistake.
    – All the things he is doing are not helping him. He does not need any public test, specially if they have even the smallest flaws. He does not gain anything out of it.
    – He gets involved in emotional discussions (mostly because he is not willing to disclose all facts and details) … a complete waste of time.
    – He has no PARTNER with the capacity to bring this product to market in short time, world wide (not in a short term)(he calls the US company a costumer, not a partner)
    – He has no mass scale production experience, facility, marketing, selling channels, etc.

    From my point of view he is set for economical failure, maybe some wealth, but far from what might be possible.

    And what does this imply for us (consumer, etc)?
    Honestly, I believe nothing. The ball is rolling.
    – At some point he will need to sell a product to a 3rd party.
    – a number of companies with x-times more ressources will buy it, dismantle it, replicate it and improved it
    – in a matter of months Andrea Rossi will be out of the market and a better product on the market

    On the other hand it will take some time until the big companies will be willing to tell their big costumers from Oil and Gas, Mining, Power utilities, etc, … sorry guys, we’ve got a technology that might kick you out of business or at least reduce you business. And tell you shareholders, that their assets are worthless and yours employees might be jobless soon.

    … but still … everything is speculation right now, and much more complex than we would all wish it to be.

    • Mike MacDonald

      Bravo! Bravo!

      Mr Rossi is unable to see, that if he gave his invention freely to the world, he would live forever!

      If he dies in the next 10 years who will spend his millions,,, or will he find a way to take them with him.
      Sadly I see a lot of GREED here.


    • Randam

      To be honest, this somehow seems like a hoax.
      why? lets check the symptoms.
      – its too good to be true.
      – there is a lot of chatting going on.
      – everything is classified or confidential or countered with “you don’t know the (special) process that happens”.
      – information comes from nearly only 1 source (pesn) and many sites that got at least e-cat in their weblink < i think these people nearly rely on a good outcome. even Obama changed the patent law to make this happen (
      – lack of answering questions (when someone asks "why is that possible?" its classified.
      – dates keep being pushed forward, i wouldn't be surprised if 28-10 wont be the testing date, if it will happen at that date, i'm nearly sure it will be so much limited that independent research/monitoring will be made impossible.
      – prices range a lot
      – other people are using this project to scam you for money ( <- if it isn't made by them selves in the first place. ( the reaction to that scam site.
      – In 1995, according to an article called "For the Second Time, Handcuffs for Andrea Rossi" (many many sites report that, even a lot more than details about e-cat).

      alright and here the positive side
      – He must have a working device, the word needs it and there are investors. (investors wont be happy to see it doesn't do what has been promised)

      possible reasons why the test wont happen on 28-10
      – Patent problems
      – Scientists didn't agree with the terms (making it impossible to do independent research).
      – He had to do something else.
      – He didn't have what he claims.
      – The water was too unclean (or any nonsense to prevent the test).

      look i'm no scientist, i don't need the detailed information, but this seems to be like a magic mysterious box that no one may take a look at. I just see all the symptoms that a normal swindler has. (look at what people need, make a magic box, no test results, draw investors and vanish).
      If its true what he claims, he got a terrible way to show the planet a needed breakthrough in energy generation.

  • Bryan

    Countries that currently export oil will become many times more wealthy from the E-Cat.

    You have to include not just what is seen, but what is unseen. Vasts amounts of labour will be freed up from current energy producing methods into other sectors of the economy that consumers allocate their dollars to. Who is to say where those people will work now though? The only thing we can say is that they will work, since throughout history advancements in farming, textiles, and all other industries put people out of work in those fields and they became a smaller and smaller percentage of a nations employment. Many more people were farmers just a hundred years ago, but now a single farmer can grow what 50 men used to grow.

    E-Cats will be a boon to many countries, especially African nations which have no investment in power structure because of price controls. Many cities and even hospitals in Africa suffer from rolling blackouts. This is because of the price controls in those countries which mandate electricity prices must be at an artificially low rate (which prevents the electricity companies from expanding if they are forced to operate at a loss).

    Individual companies, hospitals, and even small villages in Africa will be able to purchase their own e-cats and finally provide energy for their enterprises. The E-Cat could lead to the industrialization and modernization of Africa.

  • Jan de Jong

    The most important point to be demonstrated is that the E-cat produces net heat. Beyond any doubt. Duely taking account of the heat input during start-up (which is significant) and during operation. When that is proven the rest will follow. During the october test the produced heat versus input heat was not overwhelmingly convincing.

  • Oh, get real. The 27 kWt device is a big deal as a home appliance, but if you want to provide heat for a decent power-plant, you’ll need to put about 100,000 of them together. Nice, isn’t it? And then there is the problem of the temperature of steam, resulting in low efficiencies. The input side of equation is not problematic (with heat costing next to nothing), but where to dump all that waste heat? It could make problems – and then some.
    However, I am not pessimistic. E-cat is its earliest infancy, so do not expect too much too soon. In beginning there was an open fire to heat home (cave) and cook the food. For beginning it’s enough, the next step is simple steam engine to propel locomotive, ships and boats, as well as cars. Then preheaters for thermo-plants will be introduced. And then, as I see it, nuclear plants at end of their working life will be converted to e-cat cycle, and given new lease to life. Only then the first dedicated e-cat power-plants will start to appear.
    The field is immense; even if it were possible to make a mature e-cat plant overnight, it would not make a big difference, at least in short run. Introduction of new technologies has its dynamics, and decades are just nothing when it came to such a marvelous U-turn.
    Finally, I’d like to point out that even low-temp low-power e-cat, even if nothing better ever come out of it, could produce electricity – at least in indirect manner. Most of natural gas is used simply for space heating. If its use is directed exclusively to power generation, this factor alone could possibly double the production of electricity. Even with such narrow field of application it could make wonders – if it works.

  • Peter Hunt

    Go the Sterling route to electricity and start to workthe engineering to get the exit temperatures up to a much higher level. The limiting factor for this design may be the melting point of nickel which is pretty hight as I remember.

    The Swedes know the Sterling business and have built a bunch of Sterling powered submarines. Go to it Sweden.