Italian LENR Open Power Association Claims Direct Electrical Production from Plasma

Thanks to Sanjeev for bringing this to my attention.This is a post that could use some help from our Italian speakers. There are a number of videos on the website for the Italian Open Power Association LENR project Hydrobetatron.org/ which purport to show direct electrical production from a plasma.

The Open Power Association is an organization founded by Ugo Abundo and associates, and is an effort to provide open information about the production of LENR reactors. There are four videos on the page with Dr. Abundo explaining this apparent production of electricity from the Hydrobetatron reactor (formerly known as the Athanor).

Unfortunately I don’t have the ability to understand what Dr. Abundo is saying in these videos. Any help from our Italian speaking readers would be appreciated!

The videos can be found on the main page if you scroll down.

Hydrobetatron
Courtesy Hugo Abundo, Open Power Association
  • jonnyb

    I could not find the videos, any help?

  • jonnyb

    I could not find the videos, any help?

  • hempenearth

    On the front page Jonnyb, just scroll down

  • hempenearth

    On the front page Jonnyb, just scroll down

  • Yu Chem

    In the experiment’s report at http://www.hydrobetatron.org/files/Ponte2.pdf author refers to an external page, describing the starting point of the experiment: http://jlnlabs.online.fr/cfr/ape/apenrg.htm
    In the same PDF document he concludes that energy extraction is significant and overunity is possible.

  • gbas3 gbas3

    Wow…I’m sorry…I’m italian but it’s ‘very difficult for me to translate in english what he says.
    Dr. Abundo is getting great results with no much money and this is very important.
    How important is to underline that shares its results with all of us.

    • Frank Acland

      Thanks gbas — that sounds like the most important part of it!

    • Your English is infinitely better than my Italian! Anything you could add, particularly about how the electricity is produced, would be most welcome.

  • Obvious

    This is cool. I just bought the same tungsten rods a couple hours ago. The welding outfit also supplies D2 it turns out.

  • Obvious

    This is cool. I just bought the same tungsten rods a couple hours ago. The welding outfit also supplies D2 it turns out.

  • hempenearth

    The 44 second video shows a hinged, blue, cylinder shaped frame that looks like the beginnings of a commercial prototype but I’m speculating on that. Anyone know any better?

    • Andreas Moraitis

      That’s the shielding of the reactor, just for safety purposes.

  • hempenearth

    The 44 second video shows a hinged, blue, cylinder shaped frame that looks like the beginnings of a commercial prototype but I’m speculating on that. Anyone know any better?

    • Andreas Moraitis

      That’s the shielding of the reactor, just for safety purposes.

  • GreenWin

    One of the APE series at jlnlabs is dated 2006. And it appears to demonstrate that a plasma in a high conductance liquid gates current – as does a Gunn diode. This is not surprising as the current to create the plasma drops at Vx as it would in e.g. a gallium arsenide semi-conductor. The resulting negative resistance provides an oscillation or resonance to the load – a 5W 12V filament. But at 300V input – OU is not an option.

  • GreenWin

    One of the APE series at jlnlabs is dated 2006. And it appears to demonstrate that a plasma in a high conductance liquid gates current – as does a Gunn diode. This is not surprising as the current to create the plasma drops at Vx as it would in e.g. a gallium arsenide semi-conductor. The resulting negative resistance provides an oscillation or resonance to the load – a 5W 12V filament. But at 300V input – OU is not an option.

    • Dave

      I find it interesting a British patented plasma set-up was around in the 1970`s its use wasin electrolysis cleaning of metals except at the time they were just interesting in cleaning.It was a dead ringer for plasma electrolysis.
      I discovered a solid state effect in planer transistors operating in the negative resistance mode,which showed plasma effects this was in the 1960`s when we needed very fast switched light sources were needed to test our Photomultiplier used in particle physics.

  • Andreas Moraitis

    At the moment, my understanding of this experiment is limited. Negative resistance/conductance and negentropy are important keywords. Note that the term “negentropy” was coined by Léon Brillouin (after Schrödinger had spoken about „negative entropy“). Potassium (in the form of K2CO3) is used as an electron donor. The name of the device, “Hydrobetatron”, seems to indicate that the electrons are accelerated to high energies.
    I’m somewhat surprised that they apparently do not talk about nuclear issues. What is the role of possible fusion/transmutation mechanisms in this context?

  • Andreas Moraitis

    At the moment, my understanding of this experiment is limited. Negative resistance/conductance and negentropy are important keywords. Note that the term “negentropy” was coined by Léon Brillouin (after Schrödinger had spoken about „negative entropy“). Potassium (in the form of K2CO3) is used as an electron donor. The name of the device, “Hydrobetatron”, seems to indicate that the electrons are accelerated to high energies.
    I’m somewhat surprised that they apparently do not talk about nuclear issues. What is the role of possible fusion/transmutation mechanisms in this context?

  • georgehants

    How Wonderful to be able to sit here and read of the latest big science, only being Researched openly from small groups of scientific Rebels.
    While the big boy’s waste everybody’s time and money sending toy trucks to Mars etc, who cannot even design wheels that don’t fall apart after a couple of weeks, where they spend billions dreaming of rubbish like lassoing asteroids etc. while real science has to be done in schoolrooms etc. by students before they are corrupted by the establishment into having to follow the crazy dead-ended reductionist religion of their ” opinion experts”.
    Where academic sciences only contribution, is having people like Dawkins and Hawkins streaming out completely and obviously false and unscientific proclamations of such things as, there is no creator etc.
    Where almost every scientist shakes in his boots and runs away and hides, if asked to discuss sciences incompetent attitude to Researching UFO’s and many other important subjects.
    Long live the Rebels of this World, if it was left to main-line science we would still be using square wheels based on scientific “expert opinion” that circular wheels are impossible.

    • georgehants

      Just for those scientists who are not sure of the Facts of life —-
      Science does not have a clue where any of the energy in the Universe originates.
      Science does not have a clue as to if we are in an open or closed system.
      Therefore it does not have a clue about any 1st, 2nd or 99th law, beyond closed-minded theory and a religous belief in “expert opinion” wishing to stay in the dark ages. (excluding applied science of course that has to work with only the latest knowledge)

      • Obvious

        Science doesn’t believe anything, any more than a book believes it has pages.
        People believe things, and people are a rather variable group. Some people believe in science, some don’t.

        Science is the only thing that separates the belief that we may be imagining our own existence from the viewpoint of an independent dream by categorizing examples of common experience that can be tested by others. Perhaps it only tells us that we all are dreamers within the same dream. But then, what is the difference between reality and a common experience that is indistinguishable from a common dream state?

        • georgehants

          Obvious, I am sure you realise that your short comment involves the lifetimes thinking, reflection and meditation of the greatest minds in history, including yours and mine I am sure.
          You must forgive my using the word science as a catch-all word.
          Science almost certainly is just another part of “the dream” if it is one, conveniently set up by either a coincidence beyond all “reasonable” possibilities of Everett’s many worlds or any anthropic principle, which leaves only a mind that has purpose.
          Now we move into personal beliefs, that is dangerous ground for most people.
          Back to Earth, If we are going to use science then we need a few scientific rules.
          I have only one, search for, unafraid, openly, happily, honestly, unbiasedly etc. etc. for the TRUTH.
          Anything less is nothing but fooling ourselves and making fools of ourselves.
          Best

          • Obvious

            Exactly. Broad brush strokes make it hard to paint a clear picture. On the other hand, too many details makes it hard to see the forest through the trees (to terribly mix metaphors).

            I often see people mistaking Science for some absolutist position, including “scientists”. It is merely a method. A method which is supposed to include reasonable skepticisms of itself and accept revision when required, without prejudice. Too often we trip over our own prejudices and desires and subvert the method to satisfy ourselves because it may otherwise require us to change our world view, often a view that in itself has worked very well to keep us both living and alive (alive, in the abstract sense).

            Logic and science cannot alone guide our path through life, even if we are subject to its rules at some levels of abstraction. Science informs us as what we might “know”, but not all there is to know, nor what is worth knowing or (especially) how to properly use knowledge.

    • BroKeeper

      Round wheels? But George isn’t that counter intuitive to the physics of “four corners of the world”? I find this very positive negentropological. If I change my wheels to round then I would lose the high and low vertical perspective of the world driving down its road which will distort my entropological knowledge of things. (Where did I leave my pint?)

      • georgehants

        BroKeeper, please don’t mention entropy, more rubbish written about that then I have in my backyard skip.
        If a scientist wants to make out how clever he is to people he starts spouting off about “entropy”

        • Obvious

          Entropy can be proven simply by looking at my email inboxes.

          • georgehants

            Ha, or my socks draw.

          • Fortyniner

            Sock drawers are a proven gateway into alternate universes. Only one way unfortunately – missing socks never return.

          • Omega Z

            I wouldn’t return either if I new I’d only be stuffed in a smelly old shoe. 🙁

    • Obvious

      Faced with the choice between changing one’s mind and proving that there
      is no need to do so, almost everyone gets busy on the proof.
      – J. K. Galbraith

      • we want LENR Fusione Fredda

        Here is the translation of 3 videos (I have not translated the 4th because it is a slide show for the screening of the Hydrotron.

        I have done it in a rush and I am no technician, so please forgive me if something falls trough…

        p { margin-bottom: 0.1in; line-height: 120%; }

        VIDEO 1 (TOP LEFT)
        Rome, 13 Jun 2013

        First informal
        switch on of Hydrobetatron 2.0 Calorimetric Type

        Inside the reactor
        you can see the resistance – drowned – and the anode.

        We are bringing with
        the resistance up to temperature 87°C; we cease to heat with the
        resistance (switch off) and we switch on the reactor zeroing the
        Variac. Graduality. We have 24V. A 0.45, 0.46.

        Beginning the
        electrolyte bubble production. Visible bubbling.

        Lamp on to see
        bubbles. We increase (…). Temp on approx 80°C stable. We have 60
        65 70V. I hear crackling. Yes. Underneath some sparkles. Lights off,
        now visible.

        100V. Ampère
        oscillating. Pre-plasma. 110V with Variac. 120, 130, 140 with Variac.
        Temp down to 70°C. Bubbles forming @ cathode. We wait for
        stabilization; we wait for the temp to increase. Unless we get to 85
        it is not stable.

        200V. Temp now 70°.
        Now it fizzles, starting. Now it has started.

        Plasma off,
        resistance on to get to 85 and switch back on at these same Voltages.

        150W @ resistance.

        79, 80 waiting to
        95° resistance off, switch on the reactor @ 200V. It has switched on
        and it is stable. 210V (Variac).

        240V x 0.5 A = 120W.
        Bubbles under the flat part of the resistance. If it were plasma it
        would be an aura. Under the disk there are flares.

        Informal test
        successful.

        (VIDEO 2 bottom
        left) Laboratory of John Von Neumann where the experiment
        Hydrobetatron is heir of Atanor, born at the Leopoldo Pirelli
        Institute of Rome. The difference between Atanor and other similar
        production of steam through LENR reactions is the ambition of aiming
        with plasma to gather directly electric energy from plasma. Hence the
        name.

        Starting from water
        using conversion steps that surpass the low render of the
        thermodynamic cycle, directly producing electricity. The open source
        spirit, which also the Atanor project had, pushes us to share the
        whole process, including the few successes and the many difficulties,
        which are overcome thanks to the web and all the researchers who gave
        us precious suggestions. This is the first part of 3 videos. This is
        a testing set. Characterizing a reference machinery is no.2.
        Comparing Hydrotron and reference machinery for over-unity.

        This is the
        reference machinery. Our proposal: compare the Hydrotron and the same
        type fed with an electrical immersed resistance.

        We thank the
        numerous experts to describe the behavior of the electrolytic cell in
        its 3 phases: electrilysis, pre-plasma and plasma. We have used the
        correct machinery set with economic components. This machinery
        compares perfectly with more expensive and sophisticated equipment.

        Hydrotron is a
        funnel with a very small electrode composed of a tungsten bar in a
        ceramic case with epoxy resin. The lower part is filled with
        potassium carbonate. The green upside down funnel contains the anode.
        The feed of the negative pole is given externally from the solution
        which is brought to the cathode. The positive feed reaches a
        stainless steel grid hidden behind the funnel and protected
        underneath by a pierced shell. Between the grid and the electrolyte
        there is a granular synthesized pyrex disk with pores the size of 100
        micron. The temp is measured by a thermocouple and a traditional
        thermometer. They have been calibrated. The thermocouple readings
        will be very disturbed. Hence we shall lower the current. These are
        tungsten grains that can be inserted in the immission hole and
        directed into the funnel in contact with the cathode. The convective
        motion will cause them to contact, hence switch on, or will send them
        away, and in the convective cycle it will cool them giving heat to
        the solution.

        The electrical feed:
        from the grid to the supply box. Then the Wattmeter separately
        supplied with energy. This Wattmeter will show the current signal
        before the supply box. Following the cable there is an insulation
        transformer. It has filters to cut frequencies that are above 5, 7
        KHz.

        This cut of
        frequencies is necessary. After the insulation transformer there is a
        filter (calibrated) which cuts above 10KHz to 30 KHz. Other
        frequencies are silent.

        Spikes: it is known
        that during plasma phase it is impossible to measure Amperage and
        Voltage with simple instruments because of the peaks in current. Also
        sophisticated measurers oscillate because of plasma and because we do
        not have a static electrode, but grains that are and are not in
        contact with the negative polarity. Time of sampling can not follow
        the high frequency of the spikes. So there is a series of filters
        which can guarantee that the signals that reach the Wattmeter are
        inside the measuring capacity range of this instrument.

        We asked the maker
        which were the parameters and we have been guaranteed that up to 10
        KHz the signals are correctly measured. We tested the system and
        these parameters were confirmed. We use these filters.

        The oscilloscope is
        mounted with a shunt directly on the cell. We have disturbances,
        Variac is 0. As the voltage increases we will see the increase of the
        disturbance spikes from electrolysis to pre-plasma and plasma. The
        inertia of the insulation transformer and of the Variac with the
        filtering will guarantee that the Wattmeter will see an analogue
        power, which will be measurable.

        10 W simply for the
        2 machinery, which is off.

        Increasing the
        Variac we see on the Wattmeter the power shows we are well above 10W.

        We charge again, the
        signal goes up.

        As we allow the
        Volts to pass a current we see the yellow line of the oscilloscope.

        If we look at the
        cell we see the H bubbles. We do not see spikes now.

        Channel 2: we make
        it more visible.

        Continuation: VIDEO
        3 (bottom right)

        The spectre of the
        frequencies has the first peak at 100MHz then 200 MHz the second peak
        and other peaks immediately follow and are as important as the noise.

        Increasing the
        current (we see the display) from milli to microvolts.

        We see the behavior
        in temps: we switch on the thermocouple (thermometer not visible as
        it is immersed). 30°C and more. We increase the power and the temp.
        36°C. (crackling heard). Less than 100W. The solution generates
        flares. These flares are visible. We out a safety screen We switch
        the Geiger counter on and we close. We can see spikes on the
        oscilloscope. Peaks. We are now are at pre plasma. Temp must be at
        least 80-85°C. We heat it up as fast as we can, trying to avoid
        bubbles which make the phenomenon irregular. As we reach 50° we can
        see with a thermometer.

        Plasma low
        temperature (irregular) we try not to let the machinery switch off
        (for filming reasons), to get to a temp where the phenomenon is
        regular. Geiger is normal.

        The thermometer 80
        on the thermocouple which is disturbed. We evaluate the power. On the
        screen the power oscillates. I do not read now because the stage is
        variable, unstable. Now the spikes are very numerous. Ampères
        stabilize in decreasing.

        Tungsten grains with
        95°C the vapor originates with thousands of degrees at the
        interface. We have 270V. The vapor condenser will measure the energy.
        Multimeters are in a disturbed situation but they can be compared to
        the other measurers.

        • Obvious

          Thank you. That is a great help.

          • we want LENR Fusione Fredda

            Thank you if you can do something with it – hope it is understandable. If others can see something here, Abundo’s work should not be confined to a language that, although beautiful, is not usable by those who could to add onto the research. Only in Italian, this open is less open.

        • Fortyniner

          Thanks very much for taking the time to do that.

          • we want LENR Fusione Fredda

            I hope it can be used….

  • georgehants

    How Wonderful to be able to sit here and read of the latest big science, only being Researched openly from small groups of scientific Rebels.
    Also to be able to read the open-minded responses from real scientists, who are able to tear their minds from the latest denials of the scientific comics, telling them that there is nothing possible in the Universe beyond a steam engine.
    While the big boy’s waste everybody’s time and money sending toy trucks to Mars etc, who cannot even design wheels that don’t fall apart after a couple of weeks, where they spend billions dreaming of rubbish like lassoing asteroids etc. while real science has to be done in schoolrooms etc. by students before they are corrupted by the establishment into having to follow the crazy dead-ended reductionist religion of their ” opinion experts”.
    Where academic sciences only contribution, is having people like Dawkins and Hawkins streaming out completely and obviously false and unscientific proclamations of such things as, there is no creator etc.
    Where almost every scientist shakes in his boots and runs away and hides, if asked to discuss sciences incompetent attitude to Researching UFO’s and many other important subjects.
    Long live the Rebels of this World, if it was left to main-line science we would still be using square wheels based on scientific “expert opinion” that circular wheels are impossible.
    ——
    Isaac Asimov — ‘The easiest way to solve a problem is to deny it exists.’

    • georgehants

      Just for those scientists who are not sure of the Facts of life —-
      Science does not have a clue where any of the energy in the Universe originates.
      Science does not have a clue as to if we are in an open or closed system.
      Therefore it does not have a clue about any 1st, 2nd or 99th law, beyond closed-minded theory and a religous belief in “expert opinion” wishing to stay in the dark ages. (excluding applied science of course that has to work with only the knowledge it is given, usually a 1950’s textbook)

      • Obvious

        Science doesn’t believe anything, any more than a book believes it has pages.
        People believe things, and people are a rather variable group. Some people believe in science, some don’t.

        Science is the only thing that separates the belief that we may be imagining our own existence from the viewpoint of an independent dream by categorizing examples of common experience that can be tested by others. Perhaps it only tells us that we all are dreamers within the same dream. But then, what is the difference between reality and a common experience that is indistinguishable from a common mutually shared dream state?

        • georgehants

          Obvious, I am sure you realise that your short comment involves the lifetimes thinking, reflection and meditation of the greatest minds in history, including yours and mine I am sure.
          You must forgive my using the word science as a catch-all word.
          Science almost certainly is just another part of “the dream” if it is one, conveniently set up by either a coincidence beyond all “reasonable” possibilities of Everett’s many worlds or any anthropic principle, which leaves only a mind that has purpose.
          Now we move into personal beliefs, that is dangerous ground for most people.
          Back to Earth, If we are going to use science then we need a few scientific rules.
          I have only one, search for, unafraid, openly, happily, honestly, unbiasedly etc. etc. for the TRUTH.
          Anything less is nothing but fooling ourselves and making fools of ourselves.
          Best

          • Obvious

            Exactly.

            Broad brush strokes make it hard to paint a clear picture. On the other hand, too many details makes it hard to see the forest through the trees (to terribly mix metaphors).

            I often see people mistaking Science for some absolutist position, including “scientists”. It is merely a method. A method which is supposed to include reasonable skepticisms of itself and accept revision when required, without prejudice. Too often we trip over our own prejudices and desires and subvert the method to satisfy ourselves because it may otherwise require us to change our world view, often a view that in itself has worked very well to keep us both living and alive (alive, in the abstract sense).

            Logic and science cannot alone guide our path through life, even if we are subject to its rules at some levels of abstraction. Science informs us as what we might “know”, but not all there is to know, nor what is worth knowing or (especially) how to properly use knowledge.

        • bachcole

          Believing in something consciously is much more accessible to self-examination than is an assumption, and most scientists assume that only the material world is real. But this is an unprovable assumption. Having stepped outside of the material world and reading the account of hundreds of other people who have done likewise, I no long believe that the material world alone is real.

    • Brokeeper

      Round wheels? But George isn’t that counter intuitive to the physics of “four corners of the world”? I find this very negative negative negentropological. If I change my wheels to round then I would lose the high and low vertical perspective of the world driving down its road which will distort my entropological knowledge of things. (Where did I leave my pint?)

      • georgehants

        BroKeeper, please don’t mention entropy, more rubbish written about that then I have in my backyard skip.
        If a scientist wants to make out how clever he is to people he starts spouting off about “entropy”

        • Obvious

          Entropy can be proven simply by looking at my email inboxes.

          • georgehants

            Ha, or my socks draw.

          • Sock drawers are a proven gateway into alternate universes. Only one way unfortunately – missing socks never return.

          • Omega Z

            I wouldn’t return either if I new I’d only be stuffed in a smelly old shoe. 🙁

    • Obvious

      Faced with the choice between changing one’s mind and proving that there
      is no need to do so, almost everyone gets busy on the proof.
      – J. K. Galbraith

      • bachcole

        The mind likes what it is familiar with, and it thinks that the familiar is the real. — Roger Bird —

  • bitplayer

    Google translate of the PDF below the videos:

    SHIELD HYDROBETATRON

    We made this composite radiation shield for our reactor, in order to intercept not only alpha rays, beta, x and range, but also any neutron flows, thanks to a layer containing boron, adapted to convert the latter into secondary radiation lockable from the plate cylinder of lead.

    This armor, built in double valve, then it is easy to open and manageable, and constitutes an improvement to the conditions of operating safety, improvement absolutely necessary in view of the evidence pulsed.

  • Obvious

    I am thinking a neat experiment would be to impale some catalyst with the electrodes in this type of set up.

  • Obvious

    I am thinking a neat experiment would be to impale some catalyst with the electrodes in this type of set up.

  • LCD

    To arian – please go to my website and use the contact support link to email me so I can contact you. I’ve tried every other way but can’t seem to get a hold of you. If you can’t I give Frank permission (if he would like) to privately give you my email address.

  • LCD

    Do they explain how much energy they put in vs how much electrical energy they produce?

  • LCD

    Do they explain how much energy they put in vs how much electrical energy they produce?

  • Obvious

    Although I realize that borosilicate glass is used due to high strength and temperature resistance, I can’t help noticing that boron in these types of experiments seems to be a common denominator in successful experiments generally. IE: palladium boron alloys in F&P cells.

  • Obvious

    Although I realize that borosilicate glass is used due to high strength and temperature resistance, I can’t help noticing that boron in these types of experiments seems to be a common denominator in the successful experiments generally. IE: palladium boron alloys in F&P cells.

  • we want LENR Fusione Fredda

    Here is the translation of 3 videos (I have not translated the 4th because it is a slide show for the screening of the Hydrotron.

    I have done it in a rush and I am no technician, so please forgive me if something falls trough…

    p { margin-bottom: 0.1in; line-height: 120%; }

    VIDEO 1 (TOP LEFT)
    Rome, 13 Jun 2013

    First informal
    switch on of Hydrobetatron 2.0 Calorimetric Type

    Inside the reactor
    you can see the resistance – drowned – and the anode.

    We are bringing with
    the resistance up to temperature 87°C; we cease to heat with the
    resistance (switch off) and we switch on the reactor zeroing the
    Variac. Graduality. We have 24V. A 0.45, 0.46.

    Beginning the
    electrolyte bubble production. Visible bubbling.

    Lamp on to see
    bubbles. We increase (…). Temp on approx 80°C stable. We have 60
    65 70V. I hear crackling. Yes. Underneath some sparkles. Lights off,
    now visible.

    100V. Ampère
    oscillating. Pre-plasma. 110V with Variac. 120, 130, 140 with Variac.
    Temp down to 70°C. Bubbles forming @ cathode. We wait for
    stabilization; we wait for the temp to increase. Unless we get to 85
    it is not stable.

    200V. Temp now 70°.
    Now it fizzles, starting. Now it has started.

    Plasma off,
    resistance on to get to 85 and switch back on at these same Voltages.

    150W @ resistance.

    79, 80 waiting to
    95° resistance off, switch on the reactor @ 200V. It has switched on
    and it is stable. 210V (Variac).

    240V x 0.5 A = 120W.
    Bubbles under the flat part of the resistance. If it were plasma it
    would be an aura. Under the disk there are flares.

    Informal test
    successful.

    (VIDEO 2 bottom
    left) Laboratory of John Von Neumann where the experiment
    Hydrobetatron is heir of Atanor, born at the Leopoldo Pirelli
    Institute of Rome. The difference between Atanor and other similar
    production of steam through LENR reactions is the ambition of aiming
    with plasma to gather directly electric energy from plasma. Hence the
    name.

    Starting from water
    using conversion steps that surpass the low render of the
    thermodynamic cycle, directly producing electricity. The open source
    spirit, which also the Atanor project had, pushes us to share the
    whole process, including the few successes and the many difficulties,
    which are overcome thanks to the web and all the researchers who gave
    us precious suggestions. This is the first part of 3 videos. This is
    a testing set. Characterizing a reference machinery is no.2.
    Comparing Hydrotron and reference machinery for over-unity.

    This is the
    reference machinery. Our proposal: compare the Hydrotron and the same
    type fed with an electrical immersed resistance.

    We thank the
    numerous experts to describe the behavior of the electrolytic cell in
    its 3 phases: electrilysis, pre-plasma and plasma. We have used the
    correct machinery set with economic components. This machinery
    compares perfectly with more expensive and sophisticated equipment.

    Hydrotron is a
    funnel with a very small electrode composed of a tungsten bar in a
    ceramic case with epoxy resin. The lower part is filled with
    potassium carbonate. The green upside down funnel contains the anode.
    The feed of the negative pole is given externally from the solution
    which is brought to the cathode. The positive feed reaches a
    stainless steel grid hidden behind the funnel and protected
    underneath by a pierced shell. Between the grid and the electrolyte
    there is a granular synthesized pyrex disk with pores the size of 100
    micron. The temp is measured by a thermocouple and a traditional
    thermometer. They have been calibrated. The thermocouple readings
    will be very disturbed. Hence we shall lower the current. These are
    tungsten grains that can be inserted in the immission hole and
    directed into the funnel in contact with the cathode. The convective
    motion will cause them to contact, hence switch on, or will send them
    away, and in the convective cycle it will cool them giving heat to
    the solution.

    The electrical feed:
    from the grid to the supply box. Then the Wattmeter separately
    supplied with energy. This Wattmeter will show the current signal
    before the supply box. Following the cable there is an insulation
    transformer. It has filters to cut frequencies that are above 5, 7
    KHz.

    This cut of
    frequencies is necessary. After the insulation transformer there is a
    filter (calibrated) which cuts above 10KHz to 30 KHz. Other
    frequencies are silent.

    Spikes: it is known
    that during plasma phase it is impossible to measure Amperage and
    Voltage with simple instruments because of the peaks in current. Also
    sophisticated measurers oscillate because of plasma and because we do
    not have a static electrode, but grains that are and are not in
    contact with the negative polarity. Time of sampling can not follow
    the high frequency of the spikes. So there is a series of filters
    which can guarantee that the signals that reach the Wattmeter are
    inside the measuring capacity range of this instrument.

    We asked the maker
    which were the parameters and we have been guaranteed that up to 10
    KHz the signals are correctly measured. We tested the system and
    these parameters were confirmed. We use these filters.

    The oscilloscope is
    mounted with a shunt directly on the cell. We have disturbances,
    Variac is 0. As the voltage increases we will see the increase of the
    disturbance spikes from electrolysis to pre-plasma and plasma. The
    inertia of the insulation transformer and of the Variac with the
    filtering will guarantee that the Wattmeter will see an analogue
    power, which will be measurable.

    10 W simply for the
    2 machinery, which is off.

    Increasing the
    Variac we see on the Wattmeter the power shows we are well above 10W.

    We charge again, the
    signal goes up.

    As we allow the
    Volts to pass a current we see the yellow line of the oscilloscope.

    If we look at the
    cell we see the H bubbles. We do not see spikes now.

    Channel 2: we make
    it more visible.

    Continuation: VIDEO
    3 (bottom right)

    The spectre of the
    frequencies has the first peak at 100MHz then 200 MHz the second peak
    and other peaks immediately follow and are as important as the noise.

    Increasing the
    current (we see the display) from milli to microvolts.

    We see the behavior
    in temps: we switch on the thermocouple (thermometer not visible as
    it is immersed). 30°C and more. We increase the power and the temp.
    36°C. (crackling heard). Less than 100W. The solution generates
    flares. These flares are visible. We out a safety screen We switch
    the Geiger counter on and we close. We can see spikes on the
    oscilloscope. Peaks. We are now are at pre plasma. Temp must be at
    least 80-85°C. We heat it up as fast as we can, trying to avoid
    bubbles which make the phenomenon irregular. As we reach 50° we can
    see with a thermometer.

    Plasma low
    temperature (irregular) we try not to let the machinery switch off
    (for filming reasons), to get to a temp where the phenomenon is
    regular. Geiger is normal.

    The thermometer 80
    on the thermocouple which is disturbed. We evaluate the power. On the
    screen the power oscillates. I do not read now because the stage is
    variable, unstable. Now the spikes are very numerous. Ampères
    stabilize in decreasing.

    Tungsten grains with
    95°C the vapor originates with thousands of degrees at the
    interface. We have 270V. The vapor condenser will measure the energy.
    Multimeters are in a disturbed situation but they can be compared to
    the other measurers.

    • Obvious

      Thank you. That is a great help.

      • we want LENR Fusione Fredda

        Thank you if you can do something with it – hope it is understandable. If others can see something here, Abundo’s work should not be confined to a language that, although beautiful, is not usable by those who could add onto the research. Only in Italian, this open is less open.

    • Thanks very much for taking the time to do that.

      • we want LENR Fusione Fredda

        I hope it can be used….

  • Allan Shura

    Having gamma radiation indicates nuclear activity but I read the Geiger counter at .22 uSv/hr in the 5th minute of the 4th video. That is the same level a reporter recorded in a Kiev coffee shop. March 21 2011 in Sendai Japan was .19. To compare 3,600 μSv the average radiation a US citizen receives in a year from all sources. This would add 1,927 μSv with the small reaction in the demo so it should be considered. The effect on us is dependent on the type of gamma as well.

    http://www.blacksmithinstitute.org/blog/radiation-101-what-is-it-how-much-is-dangerous-and-how-does-fukushima-compare-to-chernobyl/