(A much longer, full and complete version of this article can be found here on the PESN website. After you have read the full version, please share your thoughts and comments.)
In Greek, apocalypse means revelation. The new E-Cat Report gives us a tremendous amount of information about how the technology works, including the four horsemen — or elements — that seem to me to be most important in the reactor. These elements are lithium (Li), iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), and hydrogen (H). I feel that much of the secrecy about how the device functions is now gone.
We should thank Andrea Rossi for his tremendous over the years years. He has overcome many types of adversity –from cynics, trolls, skeptics, fake competitors, etc – and continued to develop the technology despite opposition. In addition, we should thank the courageous authors of the report who risked their reputatiosn to advance scientific knowledge. They took a risk investigating a subject that holds an enduring stigma in the scientific and academic communities.
In this test, the COP was much higher than what was required to prove production of massive amounts of excess heat. Over a one-month perioid, the one gram of fuel in the reactor (about the same weight as a small paperclip) produced more energy than that is contained in a barrel of gasoline. It should be noted that in this experiment an amount of fuel that probably cost one cent — at most — produced more energy than over a hundred dollars worth of gasoline. This took place without any release of radiation, any nuclear waste being produced, and without any pollution being put into the environment. This test proves the technology is a paradigm shifting advance that can transform our planet.
In addition to excess heat — and just as important — there were isotopic ratio changes found in the elements of the fuel. Both nickel and lithium experienced huge isotopic shifts that are only possible if nuclear reactions were taking place. These shifts would normally produce huge amounts of power and massive releases of radiation, but the E-Cat only produced heat and no radiation. The E-Cat provides all of the benefits of traditional nuclear power with none of the drawbacks.
We now know much more about the catalysts of the E-Cat and how they work. The four main elements involved are Lithium, Iron, Nickel, and Hydrogen. Lithium undergoes isotopic shifts, producing energy in the process, and may also releases hydrogen into the system. Iron may help serve to break apart the molecular hydrogen provided by the lithium into atomic hydrogen and may also serve to grow small scale structures on the nickel powder. Nickel may serve as the site where many of the nuclear reactions actually take place. The hydrogen may very well be involved in many of the reactions with nickel and lithium.
There are several other interesting things to note. The scanning electron microscope images shown in the report might suggest Rossi is using carbonyl nickel. This type of nickel, already available from suppliers, already posesses tubercles on the surface. Rossi has stated in the past that these features are critical to producing useful amounts of power. It is possible these tubercles help the nickel bind appropriately with other elements such as the lithium and iron. Large particles of iron were found in the fuel of the E-Cat, and the nickel may bind to them. Another possibility is that in addition to large particles of iron being present, nano-iron powder may be placed in the reactor.
With all this new information form the report, combined with the other information we know about the hot cat, it may be possible to replicate the E-Cat reaction. Such replications could help further validate Rossi’s technology, protect the reputations of the scientists who signed onto the report, and help accelerate the development of the technology.
Please read the full version of this article on PESN and comment.