Rossi Learning New Things about the E-Cat with 1 MW Plant Project

I have been noticing that Andrea Rossi has been talking about problems and challenges regarding his work on the 1 MW plant, which is slated to be the first commercial E-Cat plant for a non-secret customer. . The plan had been to launch it this year, but now we are told it could be at least another year before this plant is revealed.

Here is a question that I posted to Rossi on the Journal of Nuclear Physics today:

You have mentioned recently that you have problems to solve — some easy, and some hard. Also you mention that you are involved in ‘difficult’ work. This seems to indicate that the commercial plant is posing a significant challenge for your team.

1. Are you learning new things about the E-Cat now you have to put it under load in an industrial setting?

2. How confident are you in your ability to meet your contractual deadlines with your current customer?

Rossi’s response:

Frank Acland:
Thank you for your continuous attention.
1- yes
2- Our team is very strong, all te bases are covered ( electronic engineering, physics, mechanical engineering and top level blue collars). I have good reasons to hope we will not disappoint our Customer, while I am sure we will give the maximum of our skills.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

The interesting thing to me here is that Rossi admits that there are new things they are learning about the E-Cat now they are putting it under a continuous load. You would think that in all his work over the years with the E-Cat that Rossi would have had a good idea about how it would operate in an industrial setting, but apparently there have been surprises (as with the nickel enrichment in the Lugano test). Rossi talks of this installation project now as an R&D activity also.

Rossi has said that the output of this plant is heat in the form of steam (not electricity generation), and that it needs to run continuously round the clock for 350 days per year. The customer is going to have to be satisfied with things before they will sign off on the purchase. There is apparently a contractual deadline to get everything right, so the pressure must be quite heavy.

I’m not sure that we’ll hear much about the details of this project, and the nature of the problems — so we are going to be in a familiar waiting mode with this situation.

UPDATE: A follow up from me:

Thank you for your responses. Would you say the problems you encounter are increasing as your work continues, or diminishing?

AR’s reply:

One by one, we are resolving all the problems. With patience and dedication, united with the consciousness that if we go through we will have written a page of history.

  • LCD

    So, besides the responses of the testers, what do we have to look forward to in the next six months again?

    Rossi is dragging on, at this point I hope somebody else gives him competition.

    • bitplayer

      More action at MFMP

      • Ged

        Here here.

      • Omega Z

        PS…I meant to include that the E-cat would have to have a high COP to compete with Gas. Like COP>10. Electricity here in the states are starting to rise. You know, The Cheap electricity from Wind & Solar is starting to come into play..

    • tlp
      • LCD

        What’s their claimed COP?

        • tlp

          Infinite. Meaning that it generates enough electricity to keep it running plus some more.

          • LCD

            That is almost to good to be true. And with BLP that is usually the case.

            That would essentially overshadow the Ecat (and everything else in the world)

            Hard to believe.

    • Gerrit

      ICCF-19 will be on 13-17 April. Hopefully some abstracts will be published a few weeks before. http://iccf19.com/home.html

  • LCD

    So, besides the responses of the testers, what do we have to look forward to in the next six months again?

    Rossi is dragging on, at this point I hope somebody else gives him competition.

  • Mark

    Rossi keeps wanting to stick to The Standard Model in physics, while avoiding those which he claims are “dangerous” exotic possibilities – this despite the fact that anyone who has been paying attention can see that it is all but certain that The Standard Model has to go in order to truly explain cold fusion. (and, yes, it DOES seem to be cold fusion, at least in part) Given Rossi’s attitude, it does not surprise me that he is still getting surprised. I think that he will keep getting surprised until he, or someone else, explains all of this using an exotic theory.

    • NCY

      Wrong… it may be that certain assumptions about how the standard model works in metal latices has been INCOMPLETE… in other words… the LENR explanation is likely to tack on to the standard model… not ‘rewrite’ it.
      This is what Rossi means by sticking to the standard model… he is NOT saying that the standard model explains CF. He is instead saying that LENR does not disprove the standard model, but rather will work alongside it.
      This is possible. Nay… probable.

    • LCD

      In condensed matter physics there are A LOT of levers you can pull and knobs you can twist with the standard model that really have not been explored. But there are some things that seem to defy even that.

    • Omega Z

      Actually, I think what Rossi has stated many times is that,
      Before you go for the exotic explanation, you need to explore all the possibilities in the standard model first. He is just being prudent. I think Rossi has been schooled on this by Focardi before his passing.

      Being a great advocate myself of finding ways to circumvent or breaking the laws of physics, I have to agree with Rossi’s caution. One has to be scientific about it.

      • georgehants

        As long as nobody says it “cannot” be anything beyond the standard model, if they do it is clear one is dealing with a fool and it is time to laugh and walk away.

        • Pekka Janhunen

          What could it be beyond the standard model, can you give an example?

          • georgehants

            Clearly the unknown.
            Same question as for example, is there a creator, only an incompetent, rambling fool would scientifically answer, no.
            Same as every incompetent, rambling, foolish scientist that has ever said Cold Fusion is not possible, sure you agree they should all be removed from their jobs and sent back to kindergarten to learn a few basic scientific principles.

      • Pekka Janhunen

        Yes, to most physicists, and I think also to Rossi, “beyond standard model” means something which would be manifestly in contradiction with the SM, typically breaking a SM conservation law for energy, momentum, charge, lepton number, baryon number… For example, does biology or does the E-cat obey the SM? It’s a useful working hypothesis to think so, until experiments prove the opposite.

    • Mark

      There seem to be a lot of comments getting made about how the commenters believe that we need to explore all of the possibilities in The Standard Model before even seriously considering exotic possibilities. I strongly disagree with this and I think that this kind of attitude is harmful to progress. There are times when you can reason that certain possibilities that are within The Standard Model are less likely than exotic possibilities, even when those Standard Model possibilities have not, yet, been explored. Ideally, I think that we would want to explore all possibilities. However, practicality can, many times, limit the number of possibilities that we can explore. If we are limited in the number of possibilities that we can explore, then we should explore the most likely possibilities, which, in some instances, like that of cold fusion, means that we should be exploring many of the exotic possibilities instead of exploring Standard Model possibilities. We should not give precedence to less likely Standard Model possibilities over more likely exotic possibilities just because the less likely possibilities are within The Standard Model.

  • Ophelia Rump

    It will have generated about $1,000,000 worth of heat in one year.
    If the COP is 10 that would be 900,000 in savings.
    Less than two years to payback. Very nice indeed.

    • Alain Samoun

      COP refers to ratio of output energy to input energy If the input energy is,like for the last test, from electricity,then the saving is not the way you are calculating it, as the output is heat. In addition it depends also of what the customer uses the heat for: If he uses the heat to have some kind of mechanical work process,he will lose a good part of heat made by the E-Cat to the Carnot efficiency. Also it will depend on the cost of the energy used by the customer before using the E-Cat ($/KWH). Thermodynamics and ROE are not so simple…

      • Ophelia Rump

        I assume that the customer gets the same efficiency from the handling and use of the heat itself whether they generate from LENR or another source.

        They get the same bang for fewer bucks.
        If you put one in, and get ten out, you saved nine compared to when you put ten in and get ten out, regardless of whether you wasted half the heat either way.

        • Alain Samoun

          “that the customer originally used electricity to generate the heat.”
          In that case you are right but it is not likely. Most industrial application will probably use a fossil fuel,so E-Cat, as it is, using electricity as input will have to have a large COP to compete and your rosy ROI scenario won’t apply.

      • LCD

        It’s really a moot point id fit can generate its own electricity.

        • Omega Z

          You need a minimum of 3.33Kw heat to get 1Kw Electric just to break even.

          • Omega Z

            I believe that burner has a flue vent. It bends back on itself & exits near the gas valve entry block. Anyway, the E-cat wouldn’t need a vent.

          • ivanc

            Why?? support your idea with analysis, please.

          • Omega Z

            That is the average efficiency conversion of heat to electricity(33%). With large power plants & the use of super critical heat in Gas Turbines, up to 60% can be achieved.
            In smaller systems, the number goes down.
            All this is based on Carnot Cycle.

      • ivanc

        What you talking about. a device with a cop of 3.6 will be able to produce electricity and self sustain.
        The numbers are simple.
        a sterling engine with a 50% Heat efficiency
        a generator with a 90% and a transformer with a 95%.
        now 800watts input give 2880 watts output.
        feed to the sterling engine generator and transformer we get:
        2880*.5*.9*.95=1231.2 now take away the 800w for the input power needed to run the e-cat, now you have a net 431.2 watts to burn the way you would like. 400 watts will completely illuminate my house using LED lights.
        4 to 5 ecats could give me all the electricity I need.
        2 e-cats will feed my hot water tank.
        Rossi do not have to produce electricity, but if He is 1/10 intelligent He says He is. He will build this device and present it to the patent office. andmake billions of dollars after is patented. But he is not doing the obvious. why????

    • Axil Axil

      Regarding:
      Andrea Rossi

      October 27th, 2014 at 1:50 PM

      Will Hurley:
      Thank you for your attention.
      As I said, our team is focused on the operation and the R&D related to the 1MW plant. We do not sell small commercial units, for obvious reasons related to the defense of the IP. I am sure you can understand. Thank you for your suggestion, though: the suggestions of our Readers all can hekp us in our difficult job.
      Warm Regards,
      A.R.

      Without competition, Rossi will never provide an E-Cat for the common man. The E-Cat will be a captive of the corporations forever. This is why another Reactor developer with a kinder heart or an open source group is needed to break the IP stranglehold that the corporations will have on the E-Cat.

      • LCD

        Well clearly he has some upcoming patents that will go public in six months or so.

      • Omega Z

        Axil Axil
        Although I appreciate your posts here, I disagree with your view on this.
        Most of what we take for granted today started by sales to those who have the cash.

        Computers were insanely expensive & were actually quite limited in the beginning. Only the Government could finance them. As they progressed & became cheaper & better, Corporations bought them & gradually reached smaller business concerns.

        Eventually it came into reach of hobbyists who gave up all else & put all their discretionary income into it. Then today, Even many of the poor have a computer. Computers, Cars, TV’s, high end stereo surround systems & even the phone followed the same path.

        First adopters always pay the considerable up front costs of new technology & tolerate it’s initial shortcomings. The cost of building factories, the technology for mass production & continued R&D will run into multiple Billions of dollars. All these costs go into the price of products & most of this is in the early phase that can span Years.

        Imagine Industrial Heat having to build 10 or 20 thousand of these reactors & run them at their expense for several years to accumulate the safety data that will be required for consumer use.

        Well, We wont have to pay for all this. The 1st customers like this pilot plant will provide that data while benefiting from the energy rather then Industrial Heat just burning away wasted energy in that quest for safety data.

        As to competition, Bring It. They may have a different approach that overcomes some of the E-cat shortcomings. Faster improvements in the technology. Faster price reductions as the up front costs are recovered instead of a lag period.

        I don’t want everyone building E-cats with the difference being the Name Label. Competition is good.
        Rossi’s Hot Cat takes 4 hours to come up to operating conditions, But Wait, Our Fusion Box is ready in 2 hours. Ahh, But Wait, Our Incinerator fires up in minutes & it’s half the price. So yeah, Bring it. Competition is good. Competition equals innovation.

        As to open source, that will only delay the spread of consumer products. No one invests Billions ether in research or product development just so someone else can profit from their expense.

  • Ophelia Rump

    It will have generated about $1,000,000 worth of heat in one year at 12 cents a kWh.
    If the COP is 10 that would be 900,000 in savings.
    Less than two years to payback. Very nice indeed.
    The customer made a very good deal.

    The customer can choose to either make an exceptional profit, and be happy. Or then can destroy their competition while they still have no defense, and take over the entire market and then make an insanely exceptional profit afterward.

    I would love to be able to invest in that company now.

    • Alain Samoun

      COP refers to ratio of output energy to input energy If the input energy is,like for the last test, from electricity,then the saving is not the way you are calculating it, as the output is heat. In addition it depends also of what the customer uses the heat for: If he uses the heat to have some kind of mechanical work process,he will lose a good part of heat made by the E-Cat to the Carnot efficiency. Also it will depend on the cost of the energy used by the customer before using the E-Cat ($/KWH). Thermodynamics and ROI are not so simple…

      • Ophelia Rump

        I assume that the customer gets the same efficiency from the handling and use of the heat itself whether they generate from LENR or another source. If it makes it easier for you ,assume that the customer originally used electricity to generate the heat.

        They get the same bang for fewer bucks.
        If you put one in, and get ten out, you saved nine compared to when you put ten in and get ten out, regardless of whether you wasted half the heat either way.

        • Alain Samoun

          “that the customer originally used electricity to generate the heat.”
          In that case you are right but it is not likely. Most industrial application will probably use a fossil fuel,so E-Cat, as it is, using electricity as input will have to have a large COP to compete and your rosy ROI scenario won’t apply.

      • LCD

        It’s really a moot point id fit can generate its own electricity.

        • Omega Z

          You need a minimum of 3.33Kw heat to get 1Kw Electric just to break even.

          • ivanc

            Why?? support your idea with analysis, please.

          • Omega Z

            That is the average efficiency conversion of heat to electricity(33%). With large power plants & the use of super critical heat in Gas Turbines, up to 60% can be achieved.
            In smaller systems, the number goes down.
            All this is based on Carnot Cycle.

      • ivanc

        What you talking about. a device with a cop of 3.6 will be able to produce electricity and self sustain.
        The numbers are simple.
        a sterling engine with a 50% Heat efficiency
        a generator with a 90% and a transformer with a 95%.
        now 800watts input give 2880 watts output.
        feed to the sterling engine generator and transformer we get:
        2880*.5*.9*.95=1231.2 now take away the 800w for the input power needed to run the e-cat, now you have a net 431.2 watts to burn the way you would like. 400 watts will completely illuminate my house using LED lights.
        4 to 5 ecats could give me all the electricity I need.
        2 e-cats will feed my hot water tank.
        Rossi do not have to produce electricity, but if He is 1/10 intelligent He says He is. He will build this device and present it to the patent office. andmake billions of dollars after is patented. But he is not doing the obvious. why????

        • Jan Nie

          Sterling engines have efficiency 18 to 21%, not 50%.
          HephaHeat will steamrolled Rossi and his small customer phobia

    • Axil Axil

      Regarding:
      Andrea Rossi

      October 27th, 2014 at 1:50 PM

      Will Hurley:
      Thank you for your attention.
      As I said, our team is focused on the operation and the R&D related to the 1MW plant. We do not sell small commercial units, for obvious reasons related to the defense of the IP. I am sure you can understand. Thank you for your suggestion, though: the suggestions of our Readers all can hekp us in our difficult job.
      Warm Regards,
      A.R.

      Without competition, Rossi will never provide an E-Cat for the common man. The E-Cat will be a captive of the corporations forever. This is why another Reactor developer with a kinder heart or an open source group is needed to break the IP stranglehold that the corporations will have on the E-Cat.

      • LCD

        Well clearly he has some upcoming patents that will go public in six months or so.

      • Omega Z

        Axil Axil
        Although I appreciate your posts here, I disagree with your view on this.
        Most of what we take for granted today started by sales to those who have the cash.

        Computers were insanely expensive & were actually quite limited in the beginning. Only the Government could finance them. As they progressed & became cheaper & better, Corporations bought them & gradually reached smaller business concerns.

        Eventually it came into reach of hobbyists who gave up all else & put all their discretionary income into it. Then today, Even many of the poor have a computer. Computers, Cars, TV’s, high end stereo surround systems & even the phone followed the same path.

        First adopters always pay the considerable up front costs of new technology & tolerate it’s initial shortcomings. The cost of building factories, the technology for mass production & continued R&D will run into multiple Billions of dollars. All these costs go into the price of products & most of this is in the early phase that can span Years.

        Imagine Industrial Heat having to build 10 or 20 thousand of these reactors & run them at their expense for several years to accumulate the safety data that will be required for consumer use.

        Well, We wont have to pay for all this. The 1st customers like this pilot plant will provide that data while benefiting from the energy rather then Industrial Heat just burning away wasted energy in that quest for safety data.

        As to competition, Bring It. They may have a different approach that overcomes some of the E-cat shortcomings. Faster improvements in the technology. Faster price reductions as the up front costs are recovered instead of a lag period.

        I don’t want everyone building E-cats with the difference being the Name Label. Competition is good.
        Rossi’s Hot Cat takes 4 hours to come up to operating conditions, But Wait, Our Fusion Box is ready in 2 hours. Ahh, But Wait, Our Incinerator fires up in minutes & it’s half the price. So yeah, Bring it. Competition is good. Competition equals innovation.

        As to open source, that will only delay the spread of consumer products. No one invests Billions ether in research or product development just so someone else can profit from their expense.

  • sabbie

    This article reminds me that one argument I’ve seen from the usual skeptics is “Rossi said that it worked like this in 2010, now he’s saying something different.” or “the e-cat looks different from the previous time:. What those people don’t get is that in the real world nothing is static. Rossi is learning about his invention every day, and his invention is evolving every day. Rossi might have come up with a bunch of wrong theories over the years, but it doesn’t mean that the e-cat doesn’t work.

    A lot of his work seems to have resulted from trial and error such as finding the right particle size etc. You can invent the airplane without knowing much about aerodynamics.

    Once the e-cat is out of the bag it will be up to the scientific community to figure out how it works exactly.

    • LCD

      Yeah it’s an old and tired tactic that most people that have been around this long enough see through, but it still works on new people that just begin to hear about the ecat. It reinforces their initial suspicion that the ecat is a hoax.

  • sabbie

    This article reminds me that one argument I’ve seen from the usual skeptics is “Rossi said that it worked like this in 2010, now he’s saying something different.” or “the e-cat looks different from the previous time:. What those people don’t get is that in the real world nothing is static. Rossi is learning about his invention every day, and his invention is evolving every day. Rossi might have come up with a bunch of wrong theories over the years, but it doesn’t mean that the e-cat doesn’t work.

    A lot of his work seems to have resulted from trial and error such as finding the right particle size etc. You can invent the airplane without knowing much about aerodynamics.

    Once the e-cat is out of the bag it will be up to the scientific community to figure out how it works exactly.

    • LCD

      Yeah it’s an old and tired tactic that most people that have been around this long enough see through, but it still works on new people that just begin to hear about the ecat. It reinforces their initial suspicion that the ecat is a hoax.

  • Zeddicus Zul Zorander

    Seems to me Rossi needs to expand and possibly upgrade his science and engineering team. It surprises me that they did not do a more extensive ash analysis for an unknown nuclear reaction. It seems to me imperative to know what is going on with the ashes. Also, I would have thought that IH would have spend more resources on research and engineering than the relative small team they use now. I think it’s time to scale up the team. If IH is convinced of the technology it’s time to start big spending.

    • NCY

      ICP-MS isn’t hard… I’ve done it as part of a uni project… but the machines are so expensive only universities have them… getting time on one of them is difficult

    • LCD

      It makes me think, I don’t believe Rossi has a large team of people he trusts or else your right they should not have been surprised by the outcome of this test.

      • Bob

        You are right. I believe there is no-one else there who knows exactly how this thing is supposed to work, other than Rossi.
        He has given IH the specifications of how to build the reactor hardware, but my belief is that they do not have sufficient knowledge to make it work unless Rossi is there. This would be entirely consistent with the previous Defkalion ‘partnership’ which went sour. They thought they had everything, and they did, except for the magic trick. And I also think the reason it will only work with Rossi there is because it only appears to work when Rossi performs the required tricks. This is why he was present at the last ‘independent’ test, even though he said he would not. It must have been obvious that his presence at the test would severely detract from the independence of same, but apparently there was no other way of initiating the procedure to make it appear to work without him being there, hence he was. It is my confident expectation that this will always be the case, thus there will never be a 1 megawatt or any other reactor running entirely outside of Rossi’s direct control. That’s where we still are after more than three years of having a device “ready for market”. If the device was ever ready for market, how is it that a simple test run by a number of qualified experts, still needs Rossi there just to start it up and shut it down?

        • ivanc

          so you agree, IH is just a licensee. they do not own the intellectual property

          • LCD

            No I think they created a company with Rossi and brought in investors and now Rossi I’d not the majority owner. Typical startup stuff.

        • LCD

          That I’m not that worried about as you are. I think I’m a little more forgiving being a tech startup owner myself.

          But I do think it’s not so simple that he can easily create a product. There are still issues we are not hearing about.

          It may be 3 more years before there is a commercially available product, that would not surprise me, but it would disappoint me.

    • blanco69

      Absolutely ZZZ,
      Does Rossi believe he is in a one horse race? Surely IH realise that if they are beaten to market then they’ve lost everything. If Brillouin deliver on their promises then second is as good as last for Rossi and the team. With the third party report being more like a 2.5 party report there”s nothing to suggest that their reactor isn’t as valid as Rossi’s.

    • Omega Z

      It is not ready.
      You would end up having a lot of people standing around waiting.
      Like building a house. Can’t start building it until the foundation is done.
      Add to that, More people equals more loose lips that can create unwanted attention.

  • Alan DeAngelis

    Valveless pulsejet engine.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EEHw9lInIfg
    Can anyone think of a way to run this without propane?

  • Alan DeAngelis

    Valveless pulsejet engine.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EEHw9lInIfg
    Can anyone think of a way to run this without propane?

    • Mike

      You can use gaseous, liquid and even solid fuels. I doubt that solid fuels can be used for propulsion applications. The burners can be design with and without valves. This was the engine in the German V1 rockets during WW2. Depending on the length and cross section area of the different parts you can vary the frequency (eg 50-100 Hz) and pressure amplitude (and NOISE level). A rough frequency estimate is calculated if you consider it as a Helmholtz resonator. The same combustion technology (pulse/pulsating combustion) has been usen in a few natural gas fired US appliances, for example a warm air furnace from Lennox and also a wall mounted space heater from another manufacturer (don’t remember the name) and a low pressure boiler from Fulton. Hydropuls was another boiler (approx 25 kW) for space heating sold in Germany and possibly Canada. An oil-fired boiler had some success in Scandinavia during the 1990s. The combustion technology has also been studied for drying processes due to the strongly periodically fluctuating velocities at the pipe exit.

    • Omega Z

      Yeah, Natural Gas. 🙂

    • Alan DeAngelis

      PS
      Here’s another pulse jet.
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9L5QB1XVyC8

  • LCD

    In condensed matter physics there are A LOT of levers you can pull and knobs you can twist with the standard model that really have not been explored. But there are some things that seem to defy even that.

  • Bob Greenyer

    It may well be that the CUSTOMER is General Shale and the “1 MW plant” is a brick kiln (thanks Mr. Moho)

    For a full explanation, go here

    https://www.facebook.com/MartinFleischmannMemorialProject

    To just see the video that points to this conclusion, go here

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xyp14fnE1jQ

    • Mr. Moho

      If (big assumption!) General Shale is the customer, then by extension Wienerberger AG, the world’s largest brick manufacturer, would be one too. Wienerberger AG acquired General Shale in 1999. You can see this easily in that they share the same logos and color theme in their websites.

      http://www.wienerberger.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=Wienerberger/WBArticle/ArticleStandard10&cid=1019997472324&c=WBArticle&sl=wb_com_home_en

      • Bob Greenyer

        You’re on fire Mr. Moho!

      • Gerrit

        General Shale has a production facility some 30 miles south west of Raleigh in Brickhaven

        “Expansion of capacity in Brickhaven
        Brickhaven – one of three General Shale plants in North Carolina – is
        optimally suited for the expansion of capacity because of its plant
        structure, large clay reserves and strong local demand for bricks. A
        third kiln line will increase production by 90 million SBEs (standard
        format for facing bricks) to 270 million SBEs. A total investment of €
        13 million is planned for this project. Construction is scheduled to
        start in December 2004, and the plant will reach full capacity during
        the fourth quarter of 2005.”

        • Bob Greenyer

          Interesting

        • Daniel Maris

          Bingo!

    • kasom

      The first 1MW plant under load was said to be operating at 120 Celsius, a “cool-cat”!
      Can’t see this in a brick kiln…..

    • ecatworld

      I had a brief phone conversation with Andrea Rossi after the publication of the Lugano report and asked him what the output of this first 1 MW plant was — he said it was steam.

  • Bob Greenyer

    It may well be that the CUSTOMER is General Shale and the “1 MW plant” is a brick kiln (thanks Mr. Moho)

    For a full explanation, go here

    https://www.facebook.com/MartinFleischmannMemorialProject

    To just see the video that points to this conclusion, go here

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xyp14fnE1jQ

    • Mike

      I doubt it. The burner in the Youtube movie is probably a German WS Rekumat with FLOX (FLameless OXidation) combustion, which is available in several sizes, up to 100-200 kW for each burner. I am not sure if the burner showed in the movie shall be used for direct contact between the flue gases and the brick. In that case a high velocity around the bricks improves the heat transfer rate. It can also be located within a tube which is heated and the heat transfer is radiation from the tube outer surface to the material in the kiln or furnace. In any case will the heat output for each burner by far exceed any known output from a single ecat reactor. Several burners showed are also installed in a brick kiln to make it even more complex.

      • wpj

        Yes, and the burners tend to be powered with waste; all of the organic waste solvents that we generate are taken away for use in kilns where they are combusted at over 1000C which also consumes/destroys any chlorinated solvents (I assume that the acidic gases from these are scrubbed).

        Also, didn’t Rossi say that the plant was for high temp steam?

      • Omega Z

        I believe that burner has a flue vent. It bends back on itself & exits near the gas valve entry block. Anyway, the E-cat wouldn’t need a vent.

    • kasom

      The first 1MW plant under load was said to be operating at 120 Celsius, a “cool-cat”!
      Can’t see this in a brick kiln…..

    • Frank Acland

      I had a brief phone conversation with Andrea Rossi after the publication of the Lugano report and asked him what the output of this first 1 MW plant was — he said it was steam.

  • Omega Z

    Actually, I think what Rossi has stated many times is that,
    Before you go for the exotic explanation, you need to explore all the possibilities in the standard model first. He is just being prudent. I think Rossi has been schooled on this by Focardi before his passing.

    Being a great advocate myself of finding ways to circumvent or breaking the laws of physics, I have to agree with Rossi’s caution. One has to be scientific about it.

    • georgehants

      As long as nobody says it cannot be anything beyond the standard model, if they do it is clear one is dealing with a fool and it is time to laugh and walk away.

      • Pekka Janhunen

        What could it be beyond the standard model, can you give an example?

        • georgehants

          Clearly the unknown.

    • Pekka Janhunen

      Yes, to most physicists, and I think also to Rossi, “beyond standard model” means something which would be manifestly in contradiction with the SM, typically breaking a SM conservation law for energy, momentum, charge, lepton number, baryon number… For example, does biology or does the E-cat obey the SM? It’s a useful working hypothesis to think so, until experiments prove the opposite.

  • wpj

    Yes, and the burners tend to be powered with waste; all of the organic waste solvents that we generate are taken away for use in kilns where they are combusted at over 1000C which also consumes/destroys any chlorinated solvents (I assume that the acidic gases from these are scrubbed).

    Also, didn’t Rossi say that the plant was for high temp steam?

  • Gerrit

    [OT] It seems that mainstream journalism is starting to look at cold fusion with neutral view.

    Journalist Gwynne Dyer has written an article about the Lockheed Martin hot fusion announcement titled “Fusion power: Goodbye fossil fuels?”. The article is published in several online news sites.

    Interestingly at the end of the article he writes:
    “COLD fusion power, which depends on low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR),
    was dismissed with much ridicule when it was first mooted in 1989. Now
    it’s back on the table, and highly reputable organizations like the
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) are taking it
    seriously.

    As Dennis Bushnell, chief scientist at NASA’s Langley
    Research Center, said in an interview last year, “Several labs have
    blown up studying LENR and windows have melted … When the conditions
    are ‘right,’ prodigious amounts of energy can be produced and released.”

    The Age of Wonders is not past.”

    http://gwynnedyer.com/2014/fusion-power/

  • Gerrit

    [OT] It seems that mainstream journalism is starting to look at cold fusion with neutral view.

    Journalist Gwynne Dyer has written an article about the Lockheed Martin hot fusion announcement titled “Fusion power: Goodbye fossil fuels?”. The article is published in several online news sites.

    Interestingly at the end of the article he writes:
    “COLD fusion power, which depends on low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR), was dismissed with much ridicule when it was first mooted in 1989. Now it’s back on the table, and highly reputable organizations like the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) are taking it seriously.

    As Dennis Bushnell, chief scientist at NASA’s Langley Research Center, said in an interview last year, “Several labs have blown up studying LENR and windows have melted … When the conditions are ‘right,’ prodigious amounts of energy can be produced and released.”

    The Age of Wonders is not past.”

    http://gwynnedyer.com/2014/fusion-power/

    • GreenWin
    • invient

      The author of that post has lots of interesting presentation/speeches on youtube at various universities… Hopefully fusion and or LENR will give his very bleak predictions a more tempered outcome. I recommend watching them, unless you happen to be a climate skeptic in which case it may infuriate you.

    • I’m concerned by Bushnell’s scaremongering – it could be useful to the wrong people.

      “…a prototype (of a nuclear fusion reactor) in five generations..” McGuire means five design iterations, but there is another, probably more accurate, way to read his phrase.

      • bachcole

        Yeah, aren’t already on the 3rd generation with hot fusion in general. (:->)

  • BillH

    This is an intriguing story that many of us have now been following for a few years. NDAs and secret customers can only stay that way for so long. If we have to wait another year for any practical results I feel many people will lose interest. I see no reason why basic information from the installed plant should not be made available, this would surely keep interest high?

    By that I mean, estimates of heat output from the plant, and whether it meets the customers expectations. The efficiencies of the 103 individual reactors, the actual power input in terms of cost saving. When break even in terms of installation and running costs is achieved. I would estimate this being around the 4-6 mth point from the COP figures being quoted. And of course the final outcome at the end of the year in terms of cost savings and reliability.

    • Daniel Maris

      I tend to agree. Even if we weren’t told about the plant, is there any reason why we shouldn’t be introduced to some of the team? It doesn’t seem much to ask.

      Well let’s hope what we are being told is genuine, and we get to see the pilot plant in operation soon.

  • BillH

    This is an intriguing story that many of us have now been following for a few years. NDAs and secret customers can only stay that way for so long. If we have to wait another year for any practical results I feel many people will lose interest. I see no reason why basic information from the installed plant should not be made available, this would surely keep interest high?

    By that I mean, estimates of heat output from the plant, and whether it meets the customers expectations. The efficiencies of the 103 individual reactors, the actual power input in terms of cost saving. When break even in terms of installation and running costs is achieved. I would estimate this being around the 4-6 mth point from the COP figures being quoted. And of course the final outcome at the end of the year in terms of cost savings and reliability.

  • Rocky Mountain High

    Where is Rossi supposed to be working now? How hard would it be for someone to follow him to work one day and see who this secret customer is?

  • Miles

    When will the final e-Cat Domestic Unit be released to the public???? The e-Cat Australian website shows the Home Unit at 10Kw being available in early 2014. What’s the latest with what is happening? The report that was recently released is great but what the next step for Rossi???

    • ecatworld

      Rossi has said the next step for him is to get the 1 MW plant at the customer site working perfectly. I don’t think we’ll hear much until they are satisfied it is up to the job of providing heat 24/7, 350 days per year.

      Rossi has said at some point, selected visitors will be allowed to see the plant in action and report.

      • miles

        Thanks Frank.

    • Fortyniner

      Rossi has said on a number of occasions that ‘domestic’ e-cats will not be possible for reasons of safety certification until there is a long history of safe operation in industrial situations. Websites like the Australian one you cite are just debris left over from an earlier phase of Rossi’s enterprise, and most have probably not been updated for years.

      I would hope that Rossi/IH have by now fully repaid the initial wave of ‘licencees’, who have been cut out of the sales loop by subsequent developments. If this is the case they should request the individuals concerned to take down their old websites, which are now doing little more than providing outdated material for ‘skeptics’ to recycle in the hope of introducing doubt and uncertainty..

  • Miles

    When will the final e-Cat Domestic Unit be released to the public???? The e-Cat Australian website shows the Home Unit at 10Kw being available in early 2014. What’s the latest with what is happening? The report that was recently released is great but what the next step for Rossi???

    • Frank Acland

      Rossi has said the next step for him is to get the 1 MW plant at the customer site working perfectly. I don’t think we’ll hear much until they are satisfied it is up to the job of providing heat 24/7, 350 days per year.

      Rossi has said at some point, selected visitors will be allowed to see the plant in action and report.

      • miles

        Thanks Frank.

    • Jan Nie

      Prometeon is bankrupt because honest Aldo believed in Rossi words.
      Australian keeper of “license” is desperate necause he believed in Rossi words.
      It is time to understand that Rossi has small cutomer phobia. He will lost heavily. Soon.

      • Omega Z

        Sometimes, When I read someone’s posts, About half way through I can’t help but wonder.
        Who ties their shoes??

    • Jan Nie

      Want You understand to Rossi ?
      Look at Prometeon: 2 years of no product, no earnings, no profit and dead of hope.
      They are out of business. Bankrupt. Honest Aldo crushed by Rossi old fashioned business style.
      Australian keeper of “license” desperate.

    • Rossi has said on a number of occasions that ‘domestic’ e-cats will not be possible for reasons of safety certification until there is a long history of safe operation in industrial situations. Websites like the Australian one you cite are just debris left over from an earlier phase of Rossi’s enterprise, and most have probably not been updated for years.

      I would hope that Rossi/IH have by now fully repaid and perhaps compensated the initial wave of ‘licencees’, who have been cut out of the sales loop by subsequent developments.

      If this is the case they should request the individuals concerned to take down their old websites, which are now doing little more than providing misleading information. If it isn’t the case, then this is something the highly moral principals of IH should attend to without delay.

  • Jan Nie

    Rossi will bypassed from right side, from left side, and even over his head.
    Armen Guloyan volunteer anf few volunteers from another tems just achieved 129 Tesla strong magnetic field with 20 Watts input power. Rossi will example of old ways of conducting business in history books.

    • I am not familiar with Armen Guloyan’s work, although it sounds very interesting. However I am inclined to agree that Rossi/IH’s methodical single-track progress – now quite widely flagged – is leaving the door wide open to any more adroit competitors.

      e-Cat is simply too important for the conventional test/fix/retest method using a single development path. IH don’t seem to be short of resources, and a more productive path might have been to design a ‘test bed’ heat exchanger that could be fitted with various alternative designs of reactor and control system. This could be replicated and handed to a number of semi-independent teams so that a number of different designs could be developed and tested in parallel.

      I think the best hope is that someone outside IH will be able to replicate the Rossi reactor very soon, to put a rocket under IH’s development efforts.

    • Obvious

      Shouldn’t that pulse have destroyed or damaged most of the metal objects in the immediate vicinity? Even aluminum is affected by fields that strong.

      • bachcole

        Wouldn’t 129 Tesla rip the metallic minerals right out of a person’s body, including iron, magnesium, calcium etc. I doubt if there is any such magnetic field anywhere in the known universe except in a neutron star and perhaps a black hole. So, I strongly doubt it. Perhaps Jan Nie did a typo.

        • Obvious

          The Los Alamos National Laboratory 100 Tesla magnet needs 1.2 GJ to run it.

          • bachcole

            Is that a lot? Like, how many Joules does the average car put out?

          • Obvious

            1.2 GJ is about the same kinetic energy as 1200 tonnes moving at 100 miles per hour. Or about the same energy as contained in 135 pounds of candy. I’m not sure about cars.

  • Fortyniner

    I am not familiar with Armen Guloyan’s work, although it sounds very interesting. However I am inclined to agree that Rossi/IH’s methodical single-track progress – now quite widely flagged – is leaving the door wide open to any more adroit competitors.

    e-Cat is simply too important for the conventional test/fix/retest method using a single development path. IH don’t seem to be short of resources, and a more productive path might have been to design a ‘test bed’ heat exchanger that could be fitted with various alternative designs of reactor and control system. This could be replicated and handed to a number of semi-independent teams so that a number of different designs could be developed and tested in parallel.

    I think the best hope is that someone outside IH will be able to replicate the Rossi reactor very soon, to put a rocket under IH’s development efforts.

  • Omega Z

    Sometimes, When I read someone’s posts, About half way through I can’t help but wonder.
    Who ties their shoes??

  • Obvious

    Shouldn’t that pulse have destroyed or damaged most of the metal objects in the immediate vicinity? Even aluminum is affected by fields that strong.

  • Alan DeAngelis

    Hi Mike, I keep thinking about Hot-Cat powered aircraft.
    This link might help us figure out how many Hot-Cats would be needed for an
    airplane. http://www.aerospaceweb.org/question/propulsion/q0195.shtml

  • LCD

    That I’m not that worried about as you are. I think I’m a little more forgiving being a tech startup owner myself.

    But I do think it’s not so simple that he can easily create a product. There are still issues we are not hearing about.

    It may be 3 more years before there is a commercially available product, that would not surprise me, but it would disappoint me.

  • Obvious

    1.2 GJ is about the same kinetic energy as 1200 tonnes moving at 100 miles per hour. Or about the same energy as contained in 135 pounds of candy. I’m not sure about cars.

  • LCD

    No I think they created a company with Rossi and brought in investors and now Rossi I’d not the majority owner. Typical startup stuff.