Jack Cole Reports Excess Heat With New Experiment

A new post by Jack Cole on the LENR-Cold Fusion site reports on an apparently successful experiment to demonstrate excess heat from a reactor containing nickel powder, lithium hydroxide, aluminum powder, and iron oxide, with an apparent maximum gain so far of around 11 per cent. Jack has chosen this combination of materials to avoid using lithium aluminum hydride (used by Alexander Parkhomov) which can be dangerously volatile (can ignite when exposed to moisture, and highly toxic if inhaled or ingested.

Here’s a chart showing his results:

Jackcole

It’s good to see that Jack is being persistent with his experimentation — there certainly does seem to be intriguing data indicating the production of excess heat, and he plans to let the experiment continue to run and report on the results. He mentions that when he steps the power down to 10 watts input, the excess heat ceases, but above that level, the energy gain continues.

  • Ged

    The important question is how long this continues to run with excess. Gotta rule out chemical. But this is looking very promising, and with a tractable LiAlH4 replacement. Great data, and experimemt! Fun to see it so positive, just a little under the max Celani excess gains seen by MFMP.

    • Mr. Moho

      At this level, if the apparent excess heat peters out with time that will make it less likely to be a systematic error in my opinion.

      • Ged

        Very true. It should eventually, and one could use the e-cat energy density to calculate when that should occur exactly, given the amount of reactants.

    • Sanjeev

      Chart B shows 16 hours.

      • Ged

        Well then, that is most likely past the chemical point already.

        • Sanjeev

          Not really sure this time. He has more stuff in it now, lime etc.
          I do not know how much it is or how to estimate its chemical energy.

          • Ged

            Good point. The mix is much tricker. Time will tell then if this is real excess heat beyond chemical reaction.

          • Andreas Moraitis

            Even if he is not sure about the exact composition of his powder, he could at least reveal the mass. Without that information one cannot conclude anything from the data.

  • Ged

    The important question is how long this continues to run with excess. Gotta rule out chemical. But this is looking very promising, and with a tractable LiAlH4 replacement. Great data, and experimemt! Fun to see it so positive, just a little under the max Celani excess gains seen by MFMP.

    • Sanjeev

      Chart B shows 16 hours.

      • Ged

        Well then, that is most likely past the chemical point already.

        • Sanjeev

          Not really sure this time. He has more stuff in it now, lime etc.
          I do not know how much it is or how to estimate its chemical energy.

          • Ged

            Good point. The mix is much tricker. Time will tell then if this is real excess heat beyond chemical reaction.

          • Andreas Moraitis

            Even if he is not sure about the exact composition of his powder, he could at least reveal the mass. Without that information one cannot conclude anything from the data.

  • Andreas Moraitis

    „The fuel was modified in this experiment thanks to fellow Vortex member Jones Beene who sent a special ceramic powder mix based on lime. It was believed that the special luminescence properties of lime may enhance the effect. The fuel was composed primarily of the lime-based powder by volume. “

    So we have another “secret sauce”?

    • Eyedoc

      I’m confused, Was that in this experiment? I don’t see that listed in the story …….What is” special ceramic powder mix based on lime” ? Pretty vague…..CaCO2 and clay ??? In addition to all the other ?

  • Andreas Moraitis

    „The fuel was modified in this experiment thanks to fellow Vortex member Jones Beene who sent a special ceramic powder mix based on lime. It was believed that the special luminescence properties of lime may enhance the effect. The fuel was composed primarily of the lime-based powder by volume. “

    So we have another “secret sauce”?

    • Eyedoc

      I’m confused, Was that in this experiment? I don’t see that listed in the story …….What is” special ceramic powder mix based on lime” ? Pretty vague…..CaCO2 and clay ??? In addition to all the other ?

  • bkrharold

    Congratulations to Jack Cole. With all these successful replications of the anomalous heat effect, it cannot be long before the scientific community are forced to explore this phenomenon.

    • GreenWin

      Mainstream science in both India and Russia are now publicly embracing LENR as a viable energy alternative. Research is well underway in Italy, Japan, China, Korea, and in US military & ABC agencies. Bachole’s juggernaut rises.

      • artefact

        Don’t forget Sweden 🙂

        • GreenWin

          Thanks artefact. Sweden has been leading the way for a long while. 🙂

  • bkrharold

    Congratulations to Jack Cole. With all these successful replications of the anomalous heat effect, it cannot be long before the scientific community are forced to explore this phenomenon.

    • GreenWin

      Mainstream science in both India and Russia are now publicly embracing LENR as a viable energy alternative. Research is well underway in Italy, Japan, China, Korea, and in US military & ABC agencies. Bachole’s juggernaut rises.

      • artefact

        Don’t forget Sweden 🙂

        • GreenWin

          Thanks artefact. Sweden has been leading the way for a long while. 🙂

  • Fortyniner

    Assuming a hydrogen atmosphere, lithium hydroxide will form the hydride when heated, giving off water vapour.

    So that’s lithium, potassium and calcium involved in various cold fusion experiments so far. It wouldn’t be too surprising then if beryllium, sodium and magnesium – the rest of the highly chemically reactive light alkali metals – might also support CF reactions under the right conditions.

    • GreenWin

      Alumina for reactor enclosures and aluminum in the catalyst fuel. Many industrial heating elements use alumina containers for high temp heating. This is a likely market for Industrial Heat to jump into, once they’re satisfied with the pilot plant data.
      Where was calcium used in CF experiments?

      • Fortyniner

        A reference to Andreas Moraitis’ post below about Beene’s lime additive to the ‘fuel’. Not verified as yet I think, but it doesn’t seem unreasonable to suppose that ‘chemonuclear’ reactions might take place in a number of permutations and combinations of reactive light metals, hydrogen/deuterium, heat, EMF and some kind of hydrogen-permeable metallic matrix.

        • GreenWin

          Ah, lime-based ceramic powder. I suppose one could also imagine egg shell transmutations (e.g. K -> Ca) support this thought. Found this fascinating article on Prof. Louis Kurvran:

          “A Nobel Prize nominee, Louis Kervran anticipated more recent discoveries in cold fusion, that transmutation of elements are not only possible at low temperatures, but that they occur regularly in living things.”

          http://www.healthandhealing.revolutionoftruth.com/healthandhealing_004.htm

    • Axil Axil

      IMHO, The LENR reaction is produced by nano particles. Any chemical compound that when heated produce nano particles (dusty plasma) will be LENR active to some extent.
      Even an electric arc as in Mizuno’s experiment will produce nano particles from pure elements like nickel.
      An exploding metal foils in water will produce metal nano particles thus generation LENR activity.
      A laser blasting a metal will produce LENR activity in water is the Laser frequency and the metal are matched based on reflectivity.
      Cavitation produces LENR activity when collapsing cavitation bumbles produce solid water nanoparticles from plasma.

  • Assuming a hydrogen atmosphere, lithium hydroxide will quickly form the hydride when heated, giving off water vapour. This will in turn decompose to Li and H if heated further, but LiH will re-form on cooling.

    So that’s lithium, potassium and calcium involved in various cold fusion experiments so far. It wouldn’t be too surprising then if beryllium, sodium and magnesium – the rest of the highly chemically reactive light metals – might also support CF reactions under the right conditions.

    • GreenWin

      Alumina for reactor enclosures and aluminum in the catalyst fuel. Many industrial heating elements use alumina containers for high temp heating. This is a likely market for Industrial Heat to jump into, once they’re satisfied with the pilot plant data.
      Where was calcium used in CF experiments?

      • A reference to Andreas Moraitis’ post below about Beene’s lime additive to the ‘fuel’. Not verified as yet I think, but it doesn’t seem unreasonable to suppose that ‘chemonuclear’ reactions might take place in a number of permutations and combinations of reactive light metals, hydrogen/deuterium, heat, EMF and some kind of hydrogen-permeable metallic matrix. The latter only includes nickel and palladium so far, but platinum is next on the periodic table…

        • GreenWin

          Ah, lime-based ceramic powder. I suppose one could also imagine egg shell transmutations (e.g. K -> Ca) support this thought. Found this fascinating article on Prof. Louis Kurvran:

          “A Nobel Prize nominee, Louis Kervran anticipated more recent discoveries in cold fusion, that transmutation of elements are not only possible at low temperatures, but that they occur regularly in living things.”

          http://www.healthandhealing.revolutionoftruth.com/healthandhealing_004.htm

    • Axil Axil

      IMHO, The LENR reaction is produced by nano particles. Any chemical compound that when heated produce nano particles (dusty plasma) will be LENR active to some extent.

      Even an electric arc as in Mizuno’s experiment will produce nano particles from pure elements like nickel.

      An exploding metal foils in water will produce metal nano particles thus generation LENR activity.

      A laser blasting a metal will produce LENR activity in water is the Laser frequency and the metal are matched based on reflectivity.

      Cavitation produces LENR activity when collapsing cavitation bumbles produce solid water nanoparticles from plasma.

  • Alan DeAngelis

    If it absorbs some moisture from the atmosphere could it be similar to the chemical reaction between aluminum and sodium hydroxide that’s used for cleaning drains?
    http://www2.uni-siegen.de/~pci/versuche/english/v44-10.html
    Thermite is the chemical reaction of iron oxide with aluminum powder.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermite

  • Alan DeAngelis

    If it absorbs some moisture from the atmosphere could it be similar to the chemical reaction between aluminum and sodium hydroxide that’s used for cleaning drains?
    http://www2.uni-siegen.de/~pci/versuche/english/v44-10.html
    Thermite is the chemical reaction of iron oxide with aluminum powder.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermite

  • Ted-X

    Lithium Aluminum Hydride (LiAlH4) is not that dangerous as presented here. It is a standard chemical reagent. LiAlH4 has to be handled carefully, but even without a glove box it is reasonably safe. Just a fumehood and a reasonably fast handling of the powder will do. Of cause, no contact with any moist material. I used that in the past, I am a chemist. In this class of substances (hydrides, organometallics), butyl lithium is much more dangerous.

  • Ted-X

    Lithium Aluminum Hydride (LiAlH4) is not that dangerous as presented here. It is a standard chemical reagent. LiAlH4 has to be handled carefully, but even without a glove box it is reasonably safe. Just a fumehood and a reasonably fast handling of the powder will do. Of cause, no contact with any moist material. I used that in the past, I am a chemist. In this class of substances (hydrides, organometallics), butyl lithium is much more dangerous.

  • Jack T.

    Dumb question. Who is Jack Cole?

  • bachcole

    That could easily be a measurement error, but I hope that Jack keeps working at it, and I wish that someone would help him with man-hours and money.

  • Alan DeAngelis

    Be careful. Aluminum mixed with iron oxide is thermite.
    Fe2O3 + 2 Al → 2 Fe + Al2O3
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qqvQwfH_wGQ

    • Alan DeAngelis

      PS
      How to make thermite from aluminum powder and iron oxide.
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?x-yt-cl=84838260&v=SpantDvWKUM&x-yt-ts=1422327029

    • Obvious

      Thermite looks impressive, but it is mostly the rate of the reaction that is exciting. A hamburger with cheese has a similar energy density if burned. Ethanol has nearly 8 times more energy per kg than thermite. The main difference is the amount of readily available oxygen to support the combustion reaction. Thermite of course contains it’s own oxygen supply. Using iron powder, rather than iron oxide, kills the thermite reaction speed to a crawl.

      • Alan DeAngelis

        Yeah Obvious, I was just thinking that although there may be a LENR taking place there may also be a slow (because it’s diluted with nickel powder) chemical thermite reaction concurrently taking place that may make it difficult to understand what’s actually going on.

  • Alan DeAngelis

    Be careful. Aluminum mixed with iron oxide is thermite.
    Fe2O3 + 2 Al → 2 Fe + Al2O3
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qqvQwfH_wGQ

    • Alan DeAngelis

      PS
      How to make thermite from aluminum powder and iron oxide.
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?x-yt-cl=84838260&v=SpantDvWKUM&x-yt-ts=1422327029

    • Obvious

      Thermite looks impressive, but it is mostly the rate of the reaction that is exciting. A hamburger with cheese has a similar energy density if burned. Ethanol has nearly 8 times more energy per kg than thermite. The main difference is the amount of readily available oxygen to support the combustion reaction. Thermite of course contains it’s own oxygen supply. Using iron powder, rather than iron oxide, kills the thermite reaction speed to a crawl.

      • Alan DeAngelis

        Yeah Obvious, I was just thinking that although there may be a LENR taking place there may also be a slow (because it’s diluted with nickel powder) chemical thermite reaction concurrently taking place that may make it difficult to understand what’s actually going on.

  • Gerard McEk

    I wonder if there is enough hydrogen available for a proper LENR reaction. The original hydrogen source was taken out (LiAlH4). The only hydrogen source is now LiOH?

    • Pekka Janhunen

      Yes, for example if H2O forms its H:O ratio is two times larger than LiOH

      • Alan DeAngelis

        So, perhaps just use lithium hydroxide and nickel powder without aluminum powder and iron oxide to rule out a thermite reaction.

        • Pekka Janhunen

          Probably LiOH decomposes to Li2O and H2O if heated enough. I’m not sure if one can get free H2 by that method.

          • Gerard McEk

            Exactly that is what I mean. Water decomposes well over 2000C. There is no free H(2) available. Or can LENR work when hydrogen is bound to O2?

          • Mats002

            With a catalyst like nano structured Ni, H2O might split at lower temperatures, see http://www.futurity.org/device-uses-light-split-water-clean-hydrogen/

          • Obvious

            Aluminum metal powder, carbon powder, water and heat.

          • Pekka Janhunen

            Possibly good idea, but one also needs to add the lithium somehow.

  • Gerard McEk

    I wonder if there is enough hydrogen available for a proper LENR reaction. The original hydrogen source was taken out (LiAlH4). The only hydrogen source is now LiOH?

    • Pekka Janhunen

      Yes, for example if H2O forms its H:O ratio is two times larger than LiOH

      • Alan DeAngelis

        So, perhaps just use lithium hydroxide and nickel powder without aluminum powder and iron oxide to rule out a thermite reaction.

        • Pekka Janhunen

          Probably LiOH decomposes to Li2O and H2O if heated enough. I’m not sure if one can get free H2 by that method.

          • Gerard McEk

            Exactly that is what I mean. Water decomposes well over 2000C. There is no free H(2) available. Or can LENR work when hydrogen is bound to O2?

          • Mats002

            With a catalyst like nano structured Ni, H2O might split at lower temperatures, see http://www.futurity.org/device-uses-light-split-water-clean-hydrogen/

          • Obvious

            Aluminum metal powder, carbon powder, water and heat.
            2Al + 6[H2O] + C => C + 3[Al(OH3)] + 3H2
            Where carbon is a catalyst.

          • Pekka Janhunen

            Possibly good idea, but one also needs to add the lithium somehow.

  • Alan DeAngelis

    I wonder if it would work with aluminum hydride, AlH3 (starts decomposing at 105 °C) instead of lithium aluminum, LiAlH4. I’d just like to see if lithium is needed for the nuclear reactions to take place.

    “AlH3 contains up to 10% hydrogen by weight, corresponding to 148g/L, twice the density of liquid H2.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aluminium_hydride

    • Alan DeAngelis
    • Alain Samoun

      It seems that Its activity is higher than LiAlH4. It can be spontaneous combustion in the air (Alibaba description)

      • Alan DeAngelis

        Yeah, but you also have to be careful with lithium aluminum hydride. “Conventional ABC or BC fire extinguishers can intensify a fire involving LAH and should never be used.”
        “Use Class D extinguisher, such as Met-L-X or Lith-X or smother the fire with dry
        sand. Do not use water, carbon dioxide or halogenated extinguishing agents.”
        But chemists use LAH all the time as a reducing agent so it’s not so bad, you just have to be aware of how to handle it. Once it’s contained within the Hot-Cat alumina cylinder it should be safe.
        http://web.princeton.edu/sites/ehs/labsafetymanual/cheminfo/lah.htm

        • Alan DeAngelis

          PS
          If I were to work with lithium aluminum hydride (LAH) and nickel powder, I’d put the nickel powder in to a glass round bottom flask under a nitrogen or argon atmosphere and then add a solution of LAH in
          tetrahydrofuran (commercially available) with a cannula. Then I’d put the flask on a rotoevaporator to remove the tetrahydrofuran under vacuum and then break the vacuum under nitrogen of argon. Then the solid mixture of LAH and nickel powder could be stored in the flask (with a rubber stopper) until it needs to be used.
          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M-Ezs224YU8
          PPS
          Another video about cannula transfer. http://vimeo.com/8031660

          • Alan DeAngelis

            Pardon me, one more video to explain rotary evaporation. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FkBhsZy39Ck
            There are also large-capacity rotary evaporators designed
            for industrial plants. http://www.spektrasurya.com/?LIFE_SCIENCE_PRODUCT:STEROGLASS_SRL:Rotary_Evaporator

          • Alan DeAngelis

            On second thought, this might be a bad idea. The heat of the
            rotary evaporator bath might be enough to start the LENR reaction.

          • Alan DeAngelis

            Back to my obsessive thought: I think the LENR needs to be under pressure (of hydrogen gas) to work. So, if the powder is allowed to cool
            on the rotary evaporator before the vacuum is broken, it should be safe.

          • Alan DeAngelis

            PS
            Lithium aluminum hydride forms a complex with tetrahydofuran, LiAlH4 4THF. So, I wasn’t sure if all the THF could be easily removed from the LAH but according to this paper apparently it can. So, keep drying it under vacuum until it has the right theoretical weight. But be careful it also says that transition metal complexes (nickel is a transition metal) can cause LAH to decompose. http://www.bnl.gov/tcp/uploads/files/BSA_09-20j.pdf
            This introduces a flammable solvent so I don’t know if this would be any safer than what Rossi may be doing. It’s just what I’d do if I wanted to make a mixture of lithium aluminum hydride and nickel powder.

  • Alan DeAngelis

    I wonder if it would work with aluminum hydride, AlH3 (starts decomposing at 105 °C) instead of lithium aluminum, LiAlH4. I’d just like to see if lithium is needed for the nuclear reactions to take place.

    “AlH3 contains up to 10% hydrogen by weight, corresponding to 148g/L, twice the density of liquid H2.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aluminium_hydride

    • Alan DeAngelis
    • Alain Samoun

      It seems that Its activity is higher than LiAlH4. It can be spontaneous combustion in the air (Alibaba description)

      • Alan DeAngelis

        Yeah, but you also have to be careful with lithium aluminum hydride. “Conventional ABC or BC fire extinguishers can intensify a fire involving LAH and should never be used.”
        “Use Class D extinguisher, such as Met-L-X or Lith-X or smother the fire with dry
        sand. Do not use water, carbon dioxide or halogenated extinguishing agents.”
        But chemists use LAH all the time as a reducing agent so it’s not so bad, you just have to be aware of how to handle it. Once it’s contained within the Hot-Cat alumina cylinder it should be safe.
        http://web.princeton.edu/sites/ehs/labsafetymanual/cheminfo/lah.htm

        • Alan DeAngelis

          PS
          If I were to work with lithium aluminum hydride (LAH) and nickel powder, I’d put the nickel powder in to a glass round bottom flask under a nitrogen or argon atmosphere and then add a solution of LAH in
          tetrahydrofuran (commercially available) with a cannula. Then I’d put the flask on a rotoevaporator to remove the tetrahydrofuran under vacuum and then break the vacuum under nitrogen of argon. Then the solid mixture of LAH and nickel powder could be stored in the flask (with a rubber stopper) until it needs to be used.
          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M-Ezs224YU8
          PPS
          Another video about cannula transfer. http://vimeo.com/8031660

          • Alan DeAngelis

            Pardon me, one more video to explain rotary evaporation. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FkBhsZy39Ck
            There are also large-capacity rotary evaporators designed
            for industrial plants. http://www.spektrasurya.com/?LIFE_SCIENCE_PRODUCT:STEROGLASS_SRL:Rotary_Evaporator

          • Alan DeAngelis

            On second thought, this might be a bad idea. The heat of the
            rotary evaporator bath might be enough to start the LENR reaction.

          • Alan DeAngelis

            Back to my obsessive thought: I think the LENR needs to be under pressure (of hydrogen gas) to work. So, if the powder is allowed to cool
            on the rotary evaporator before the vacuum is broken, it should be safe.

          • Alan DeAngelis

            PS
            Lithium aluminum hydride forms a complex with tetrahydofuran, LiAlH4 4THF. So, I wasn’t sure if all the THF could be easily removed from the LAH but according to this paper apparently it can. So, keep drying it under vacuum until it has the right theoretical weight. But be careful it also says that transition metal complexes (nickel is a transition metal) can cause LAH to decompose. http://www.bnl.gov/tcp/uploads/files/BSA_09-20j.pdf
            This introduces a flammable solvent so I don’t know if this would be any safer than what Rossi may be doing. It’s just what I’d do if I wanted to make a mixture of lithium aluminum hydride and nickel powder.

  • Jarea1

    Off topic,
    However, i have found a link about the Unification theory of Leonov. Under the following link, please use google translator to english:

    http://vpk.name/forum/s187.html

    He says that US (Obama) has an agreement with China to overflow the market with ECATs that is the reason why China is playing the game with Occident to punish Rusia.

    Vladimir Leonov is also known by his approach to an unified theory. In fact, if you translate a recent news under the following link (use google translate):

    http://www.km.ru/science-tech/2015/01/16/nauka-i-tekhnologii/753573-rossiya-uspeshno-ispytala-antigravitatsionnyi-dvi

    He has achieved a quantum motor that is more powerful than the emdrive. In fact, he also mention the Emdrive saying that this is the US version and is not so well develop as it can only lift light weight. In the article he also mention Parkhomov and Rossi regarding cold fusion.
    It is worth to read.

    More info
    http://theoryofsuperunification-leonov.blogspot.de/2015/01/russia-successfully-tested-antigravity.html

    http://www.atomic-energy.ru/papers/42752

    • “He says that US (Obama) has an agreement with China to overflow the market with ECATs that is the reason why China is playing the game with Occident to punish Rusia.”

      It’s funny how many Russian sites are carrying this same story. It says (google translation) If you can believe the media…” I don’t think I do.

      http://argumenti.ru/politics/n467/381636

  • Jarea

    Off topic,
    However, i have found a link about the Unification theory of Leonov. Under the following link, please use google translator to english:

    http://vpk.name/forum/s187.html

    He says that US (Obama) has an agreement with China to overflow the market with ECATs that is the reason why China is playing the game with Occident to punish Rusia.

    Vladimir Leonov is also known by his approach to an unified theory. In fact, if you translate a recent news under the following link (use google translate):

    http://www.km.ru/science-tech/2015/01/16/nauka-i-tekhnologii/753573-rossiya-uspeshno-ispytala-antigravitatsionnyi-dvi

    He has achieved a quantum motor that is more powerful than the emdrive. In fact, he also mention the Emdrive saying that this is the US version and is not so well develop as it can only lift light weight. In the article he also mention Parkhomov and Rossi regarding cold fusion.
    It is worth to read.

    More info
    http://theoryofsuperunification-leonov.blogspot.de/2015/01/russia-successfully-tested-antigravity.html
    http://www.atomic-energy.ru/papers/42752
    http://leonov-laboratory.blogspot.ru/

    • “He says that US (Obama) has an agreement with China to overflow the market with ECATs that is the reason why China is playing the game with Occident to punish Rusia.”

      It’s funny how many Russian sites are carrying this same story. It says (google translation) “If you can believe the media…” I don’t think I do.

      http://argumenti.ru/politics/n467/381636

      • Timar

        The rise of paranoia is always a sign of the decline of a political system. The media in Russia seem even worse than the right-wing US media in this regard.

  • Alan DeAngelis
  • Axil Axil

    As a suggestion to experimenters, since Calcium hydroxide seems to be LENR active as a secret sauce, I would like to recommend for lower temperature experimentation that jack Cole is doing trying relatively safe potassium compounds as follows:

    Potassium hydroxide
    Potassium carbonate

    Potassium has a lower melting and boiling point than calcium hydroxide and Lithium hydroxide and may also produce nano particles at elevated temperature.

    The process that might make the LENR reaction work is nano particle production when selected chemical compounds are heated.

    A systematic experimental survey of hydride (dangerous), hydroxide, and carbonate compounds might produce detectable LENR activity.

    I only recommend hydride compounds for those who can handle these dangerous chemicals safely.

    I also would recommend a pulsing electric arc as a way to produce nano particles since the temperature produced by the arc is 20,000C which is hot enough to turn any compound into a condensing plasma.

  • Axil Axil

    As a suggestion to experimenters, since Calcium oxide seems to be LENR active as a secret sauce. For lower temperature experimentation that jack Cole is doing, I would like to recommend trying relatively safe potassium compounds as follows:

    Potassium hydroxide
    Potassium carbonate

    Potassium has a lower melting and boiling point than calcium hydroxide and Lithium hydroxide and may also produce nano particles at elevated temperature.

    The hydrides are a better bet:

    aluminum hydride
    Potassium hydride
    Lithium hydride

    The process that might make the LENR reaction work for any given “secret sauce” chemical compound is nano particle production when these selected chemical compounds are heated.

    Heat range of the reactor and chemical compound must match in order to produce nano particles.

    A systematic experimental survey of hydride compounds (dangerous), hydroxide, and carbonate compounds might produce detectable LENR activity.

    I only recommend hydride compounds for those who can handle these dangerous chemicals safely.

    I also would recommend a pulsing electric arc as a way to produce nano particles since the temperature produced by the arc is 20,000C which is hot enough to turn any compound into a condensing plasma.

  • jdk

    Is it possiible that the extra heat is caused by molecular H2 converting to atomic H? The thermal conductivity of atomic H is greater than H2 , so the outer surface termperature would increase even though no additional heat was created . In other words, the thermal conductivity might be a variable during the experiment, and result in an increase in the sufrace temperature. The calibration curves require a similar thermal conductivity in both the calibration run and the active experiment The reaction of H2 to 2H is probably in a thermally controlled equilibrium and may change this assumption. Many high temperature surfaces are catalytic for this reaction.

  • Axil Axil

    If you remember, a considerable amount of Ca was found as a component of the fuel in Rossi’s reactor..

    also

    From the last pages of the Rossi test report in the section: Results ECAT ICP-MS and ICP-AES

    “Sample 2 was the fuel used to charge the E-Cat. It’s in the form of a very fine powder. Besides the analyzed elements it has been found that the fuel also contains rather high concentrations of C, Ca, Cl, Fe, Mg, Mn and these are not found in the ash”

    .

    Form this clue, I sagest that pinch of Magnesium chloride would be a compound worth trying.

  • Axil Axil

    If you remember, a considerable amount of Ca was found as a component of the fuel in Rossi’s reactor..

    also

    From the last pages of the Rossi test report in the section: Results ECAT ICP-MS and ICP-AES

    “Sample 2 was the fuel used to charge the E-Cat. It’s in the form of a very fine powder. Besides the analyzed elements it has been found that the fuel also contains rather high concentrations of C, Ca, Cl, Fe, Mg, Mn and these are not found in the ash”

    .

    Form this clue, I sagest that pinch of Magnesium chloride would be a compound worth trying.

  • Oleg Komov

    Russia successfully tested antigravity engine by Leonov

    18:06 16.01.2015, Alexander Petrov, KM.RU, Moscow, Russia
    Interview with Vladimir Leonov
    http://okomov.livejournal.com/577.html

    Russian:
    http://www.km.ru/science-tech/2015/01/16/nauka-i-tekhnologii/753573-rossiya-uspeshno-ispytala-antigravitatsionnyi-dvi
    English (translate.google.ru)
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    Russia has no other way of development, as a way of scientific and technical progress, said Vladimir Leonov

    In an interview with a Russian scientist, winner of the award of the Russian Government Vladimir Leonov, we reported on the establishment to them of fundamental the theory of Superunification (http://www.km.ru/science-tech/2012/08/14/nauchnye-issledovaniya-i-otkrytiya-v-mire/russkii-uchenyi-vladimir-leonov-op) that gives of the fundamental science Russian world leadership (http://www.atomic-energy.ru/papers/42752).
    Theory of Superunification:
    http://leonov-leonovstheories.blogspot.ru/
    https://www.blogger.com/profile/03427189015718990157

    Then the scientist shared with us the results of tests of quantum engine in 2009 with a horizontal thrust with a force 50 kg (500 N) in the pulse. It took more than five years, and we asked of Leonov current state of affairs:

    – Vladimir, on the blog you have placed video testing of an apparatus with a quantum engine inside in 2009 (Results of the tests of a quantum engine for generating thrust without the ejection of reactive mass http://theoryofsuperunification-leonov.blogspot.ru/2011/05/results-of-tests-of-quantum-engine-for.html). Drive wheel absent nevertheless apparatus moves horizontally due to internal forces. Opponents argue that the whole point in friction in bearings of a wheels. It will not work in zero gravity.

    – To remove the existing skepticism, I have made over the years the quantum engine with vertical take-off to remove the “factor of bearings.” In June 2014 were successfully held its bench tests. At weight of apparatus in the 54 kg the impulse of the vertical thrust was 500 … 700 kg (5000…7000 N) for electric power consumption 1 kW. The apparatus flies up vertically along the guide rails with acceleration in the 10 … 12 G (10…12 m / s2). These tests prove conclusively that gravity is neutralized experimentally confirming the theory of Superunification.

    – You can give the comparative characteristics of modern quantum engine and a rocket engine?

    – Based on the bench test such characteristics are obtained. For comparison, a modern jet engine (hereinafter – J.E.) on 1 kW of power creates a thrust in 1 N (Newton). Prototype quantum engine (Q.E.) of the sample in 2014 to 1 kW of power creates a thrust in 5000 N in pulse.
    Of course in a continuous mode the traction characteristics Q.E. per unit of power are reduced. However, in a pulsed mode Q.E. now 5,000 times more efficient J.E This is because the Q.E. unlike J.E combustion products fuel does not heat the atmosphere and space. Q.E. uses electrical energy.

    – But this is a revolution in engine. And how will this affect the development of the space industry?

    – Today, jet engines (J.E.) spacecraft reached its technical limits. For 50 years the pulse of their work time increased from 220 seconds (V-2) only a 2 times to 450 seconds (Proton). Impulse operation of quantum engine is not hundreds of seconds, but for many years. Rocket with J.E. weighing 100 tons, at best, is 5 tons (5%) of payload.
    The device with the quantum engine of 100 tons will have a quantum engine and reactor weighing 10 tons, a payload of 90 tons; it is 900% versus 5% in J.E.

    – And what will be the speed characteristics of interplanetary spacecraft new generation?

    – The maximum velocity of the spacecraft with the quantum engine can reach 1000 km / s compared to 18 km / s at the rocket. But most importantly, the spacecraft with a Q.E. have a great pulse thrust and it can move with constant acceleration. For example, a flight to Mars in a spaceship of new generation with a quantum engine in the constant acceleration of ± 1G (9.8 m / s2) up it will take time of 42 hours and with full compensation weightlessness. Flying to the Moon will require time 3.6 hours. A new era has come in space technology.

    – What an energy source you plan to apply for power supply quantum engine?

    – The most promising energy source is a reactor cold fusion (CF), for example, according to the scheme of the Italian engineer Andrea Rossi, working on nickel. Nuclear cycle has energy-conversion efficiency of the fuel a million times higher than that of chemical fuel. So, 1 kg of nickel in the nuclear cycle releases energy as 1 million kg of gasoline.
    But Russia has its own experience in the field of cold fusion. I wrote about this in the article “The Commission on pseudoscience and cold fusion raw bury Russia’s economy” http://newsland.com/news/detail/id/884606/. Today, we are reaping the fruits of this in the form of falling prices for hydrocarbon energy.
    Read: “Russia is going to choke cold fusion” http://vpk.name/forum/s187.html.
    http://leonov-quantumenergeticscoldfusion.blogspot.ru/2011/12/theory-of-superunification-examines.html

    – Cold Fusion – this is a separate big topic, and returning to the quantum engine, I would like to know about its application in aviation.

    – Creation of a universal motor, which could also work in space, in the atmosphere, on land and under water is a top priority of fundamental science.
    Meets this requirement only one engine it is the quantum engine. For example, a passenger aircraft with turbojet engine at flight altitude of 10 … 12 km have a flow rate of fuel to overcome the air resistance. He does not fly above. Installation of the quantum engine on aircraft will allow it flying at heights of 50 … 100 km.
    There is the air resistance is reduced by orders of magnitude, and thus is reduced the consumption of traditional fuel. The aircraft flies essentially on inertia.
    The aircraft can fly for many years without refueling in the transition to the regime the cold fusion. For example, a flight time can be reduced from 10 hours to 1 hour on the flight path Moscow-New-York by increasing the speed.

    – Well, it’s fantastic. And what will happen with the car?

    – Yes, this is not a fantastic. There is a fundamental theory Superunification, which defines the physical foundations of new reactors CF and quantum engine, working on new physical principles.
    The present level of development of science technology a hundred years ago would be perceived as a fantasy, when aircraft and car have been in its infancy. And what will happen in a hundred years?
    Already setting the quantum engine on the car radically changes him scheme. We have the vehicle body on wheels with a quantum engine and power unit. Transmission is not needed. The quantum engine creates thrust force for a car. Therefore, the wheels have no of sliding. A total of 1 kg of nickel will allow cars equipped with a nuclear reactor to drive 10 million kilometers without refueling. This is the 25 distance to the Moon.
    The car will be almost “eternal” – 50 … 100 years service life. There will be flying cars with antigravity cushion capable of by air across water obstacles.

    – You have outlined our idealistic picture of the near future. But who will allow make it? Transnational corporations whose business is based on gasoline and oil will not allow this. And 50% of the budget of Russia before Western sanctions is made at the expense of oil and gas exports.

    – This is not so in principle. All that now moves and flies – it’s the last century. Believe me, it will take time, and transnational corporations will run a race to develop the production of new vehicles, aircraft and reactors. These are the rules of a successful business, and they are very tough. Who is late for the distribution, he will go bankrupt.

    And Russia has no other way of development, as a way of scientific progress. Russian resource-based economy the sale of hydrocarbons was vulnerable to sanctions policy of the West, and it was not a secret. Now for the sanctions we have to thank the West that he awakened Russia. We must have just 2-3 years to modernize and rapidly grow the economy. Deng Xiaoping was 74 years old when he began the modernization of China and its economy was in worse shape. Putin has 62 years old.

    – As far as we know, you spent 20 years at work on the theory of Superunification, quantum engine and reactor CF. But it turned out so that the Italian Andrea Rossi launched the first cold fusion reactor. The US and China are also working on the creation of quantum engine. Maybe we going to be late and who in Russia hinder the development of new energy and space technology?

    It is ironic, but the main opponent of cold fusion and research in the field of anti-gravity was and remains the management of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), or rather the commission of RAS on pseudo-science, which announced cold fusion and antigravity, like terry pseudoscience.
    It is easy to prove that the commission of RAS on pseudoscience was a special project from the outside, when the background of the fight against witches and pseudo-healers in RAS were crushed all groups of scientists and enthusiasts in the field of CF.

    Fortunately for us experts in the field CNF did not give up and continued to work in the “underground”, at the initiative one of the pioneers of CNF Yuri Bazhutov which organizes annual conferences on cold nuclear transmutation and CF. Now they are prepared by holding the 22nd conference. http://www.unconv-science.org/pdf/6/bazhutov-ru.pdf. As the reactor Rossi, special secrets he does not, and the reactor would have repeated Russian scientist Alexander Parkhomov.

    But members of the commission of RAS on pseudoscience have reached to the military to the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos). Were stopped work on creating an artificial gravity in the Institute of Space Systems (NIIKS), and one of the pioneers of a new direction on engine space Maj.-Gen. Valery Menshikov resigned.

    The media has hyped the company to discredit these works. Read: “The resumption of testing gravitsape – a volley of cannon at the Academy of Sciences”. http://sibkray.ru/news/3/28217/. As a result, time was lost, and Roscosmos could not participate in the modernization of the quantum engine.
    I should add that in the Q.E. there is no violation of Newton’s third law. Q.E. creates traction when interacting with a quantized space-time. China and the United States are also working on the creation of quantum engine. But they got a thrust force less 0,01N compared with a thrust of 5000 N at the Russian Q.E. (Read: “New American engine has denied the laws of physics” http://www.rg.ru/2014/08/06/dvigatel-site.html).

    – Vladimir, thank you very much for the interesting interview. And what do you say about the Higgs boson?

    – As I stated, the Higgs boson and its searches at the LHC – the largest anti-scientific falsification. We were promised that after the discovery of the Higgs boson they will create a new physics and they will be able to solve the problem of quantum gravity. But they have not decided. Higgs boson does not exist in nature. http://leonov-higgsnot.blogspot.ru/.
    Read: “Einstein vs. Higgs: or what is a mass?” https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B1gwB1O4JZNwbjFPM0hmdU5KcW8/edit?pli=1

    The theory of Superunification solves all problems of quantum gravity and artificial gravity control. The theory of Superunification is a new physics http://leonov-leonovstheories.blogspot.ru/. The basis of the theory of Superunification is quantum of space-time (quanton). Quanton was discovered by me in January 1996.
    Quanton there is zero missing an element in the Mendeleev table – Newtonium . Quanton it is an atom of vacuum without which cannot form the chemical elements http://www.zrd.spb.ru/letter/2012/letter_0017.htm.

    – Thank you for your interview. We hope that Western sanctions really push the development of national science in priority areas.

    Books by Leonov:
    1. Leonov V.S. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pages.
    2. V.S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics: Theory of Superunification. Viva Books, India, 2011, 732 pages.
    Read more:
    Spaceship with quantum engine can fly to Mars in 42 hours
    http://leonovprojects.blogspot.ru/2013/05/spaceship-with-quantum-engine-can-fly.html.
    Quantum engine for generating thrust without the ejection of reactive mass
    http://leonovprojects.blogspot.ru/2013/05/quantum-engine-for-generating-thrust.html
    Spacecraft of the new generation with the quantum engine
    http://leonovprojects.blogspot.ru/2013/05/the-spacecraft-of-new-generation-with.html
    Results of the tests of a quantum engine for generating thrust without the ejection of reactive mass
    http://theoryofsuperunification-leonov.blogspot.ru/2011/05/results-of-tests-of-quantum-engine-for.html
    Leonov V.S., Russian Federation patent No. 220 1625, A method of generation of energy and a reactor for this purpose, Bull. 9, 2003.
    http://www.freepatent.ru/patents/2185526
    http://www.skif.biz/files/f9a856.pdf