An EMF model of particle creation (Axil Axil)

The following post was submitted by Axil Axil

I read an interesting paper about particles that can explain a few things.

Matter and Light in Flatland

This model of particle structure was invented to explain why a particle can interfere with itself in a double slite experiment. The esteemed R, Feynman could not figure this one out. The photon or electron must be in two places at once, this means that the electron is also a electromagnetic wave.

As described in the reference, the electron and photon is a EMF wave that is bent around on itself in higher dimensions. This many dimensional EMF wave vibrates like a slinky (a vortex or toroid) where the front and end are taped together. The projection of the wave is reflected in our 4 dimensional world and that projection of a higher dimensional EMF structure could appear in two places at once. These two projections can interfere with each other.

This also explains why real particles must have a resonate energy level to be real. For the electron, that energy must be at least 512 KeV. In order for this slinky wave to form and connect properly from head to tail, it must be of a correct amplitude and frequency. If this wave is less energetic than the magic resonate value, the slinky wave tries to connect head to tail in a vortex, but the wave is not the proper size and shape to connect up. So the energy is fed back to where it came from and the condensation of the particle is retried over again in an endless cycle.

These failed attempt to produce a real particles are where virtual particles come from. Only resonate energy levels make real particles that will produce a properly formed EMF wave that will spin properly in a vortex for a long time. This is why the lifetime of a virtual particle is so short, because the EMF wave cannot connect head to tail in a vortex. The vortex tries to form cut it cannot like up head to tail and the nascent wave falls apart.

Because of the uncertainty principle, the vacuum produces flashes of energy at a average rate but some flashes are weak and some are strong. The weak flashes generate virtual particles that are short lived but the strong flashes produce particle that become real because they are energetic enough to connect head to tail in a vortex.

In LENR when heat is converted to magnetic EMF that pumps up the vacuum, the vacuum becomes increasingly energized, the average value of the energy content of the vacuum goes up, the maximum average energy level of the flashes increase, and the number of strong energy flashes increase. When the EMF is really strong, sometimes high energy real resonant particles like mesons can flash into existence.

It is these mesons that produce fusion in the volume energized by the application of added EMF energy.

When the added EMF energy is not so great, the quarks inside the proton change themselves and a proton becomes a neutron.

In the case where the EMF produced by a weak magnetic field is very small, the uncertainly principle can still get the strength of the EMF flash to a high enough level to produce a meson or a neutron from a proton but the rate of such real particle production is very small.

Axil Axil

  • Ged

    Very interesting theories and conjectures, and link. Still, it’s hard to believe that a modestly heated nickel lattice being squeezed by hydrogen pressure is going to generate mesons, which usually aren’t seen unless we’re taking 5 – 500 GeV/c collisions, or p + d -> He3 fusion events. It would take some tricky experiments to show mesons were being produced. Now, it is possible mesons are produced after the fact, that is, after the first few fusion event “sparks” that ignite the system, and then the mesons act to help chain react and keep the system running (kinda like a lubrication). But generating 5 GeV/c is no small feat; not that it may be impossible when at a NAE site with the whole bulk lattice vibrating down in a pinch force against some proton and a nickel or lithium atom. On that scale, one may generate the necessary energies in a “flash” of a moment.

    I currently find it more likely a Coulomb barrier tunneling is occurring amidst the shifting electric fields, puffing of the hydrogen in the melting/condensation flow of the lithium or nickel (once hot enough), and charge masking going on in a working reactor “at temp”. Proton tunneling at the bulk scale, through other atoms, is observed in biology during the reactions of certain enzymes ( ); so I could see how proton tunneling through the Coulomb barrier could occur at higher frequencies (temperatures/pressures/electronic resonance, which LENR reactors are operating far above the frequencies of each as occur on the biological scale) where the wavelengths get small enough to hop around the barrier unlike the longer wavelengths needed to hop around an entire atom (note that “squeezing” may be involved in the Coulomb case, like the hydrogen bond case, so maybe the frequency of that is a big part of the key) — that would be a narrow waveband, not too wide or too short, similar to how normal electromagnetic waves interact with matter based on wavelength (e.g. X-rays have such short wavelengths they “hit” electrons, while radio waves have such long wavelengths it takes something the size of an airplane for them to “hit”).

    I guess in the 4D model, that would be akin to one vibrating the two “slinkies” at such a rate that they are on the same plane at the point of maximal attraction, go out of phase, squeeze in, and then come back down into the same plane so close they are now at the opposite side of the Coulomb barrier point, thus precipitating fusion. Or, it could be an energetic “snap” of the vortexies and then reconnection close enough to link up, which is occurring. The theoretical dots that would then need to be connected and fleshed out is what these frequencies are, how they are being selected for or generated, and how that is controlled in the particular case of a working LENR reactor.

    But mesons seems a pretty big leap, and I’m not sure the multidimensional model provides the necessary framework for that leap rather than easier events that it does provide for. Who knows though–it’d be pretty interesting if it turns out that somehow this LENR process is really a big meson generator and the resulting fusion events are happy byproducts.

    • Axil Axil

      In a weak system like the Nanor or the Golden ball, I would predict that the only transmutation found would be isotopic shifts produced by protons transmuting to neutrons. Meson based fusion would not normally occur but it would not be impossible. But if it did occur, would it produce a gamma or an unstable isotope? Maybe.

      I just looked at the co-deposition of palladium nanoparticles that Ruby produced. In that video, radiation, radioactive isotopes and charged particles were seen including heat. The power level in that system was in the milliwatt range. This tells me that the magnetic connection and the SPP duration was not long enough to shield the nuclear reaction from broadcast to the far field. Even through the LENR nuclear reaction occurred, it was too weak to communicate back to the soliton to establish a positive feedback loop and to remove the effects of the nuclear fusion reaction.

      When the positive feedback connection is made to the nuclear power source, the transmutation advances from the weak proton to neutron isotopic transmutation phase, to the more powerful meson phase. The LENR reaction might even get so powerful that a quark qluon plasma is formed and all kinds of strange transmutation patterns might emerge.

      Once the positive feedback connection is made to a nuclear power source, than the heat applied to the system does not pump the reaction as much as the nuclear pumping. When the nuclear pumping begins unless power is removed from the system, the a meltdown will occur.

      • Ged

        The ultimate solution, of course, is to get a reliable enough and scalable system so all this can be tested.

        So far as we’ve seen, there does seem to be neutron shuffling, but I don’t think I can yet agree that the evidence favors any proton to neutron transitions — so the premise of the framework has some problems there. The reason for that is we see no neutrons escaping the system. That’s just not possible if protons are turning into neutrons. Now, if neutrons are shuffling between isotopes, vaguely akin to moieties on chemicals, during the collisions and nuclear reactions, then one could hypothesize that neutron escape from the reaction would not really happen, as it’s simply a direct energy transfer from nucleus to nucleus rather than a free flying neutron banging around.

        As far as the evidence seems to suggest, it seems much more likely that there is an initiating fusion event that then “funnels down” into stable isotopes by neutron shuttling. That prevents both gamma and neutron radiation production; which is not true of the other possibilities as far as I can see. This also explains the wide varieties of fuels and isotopes capable of working in the reactor as seen in the wide array of fuels from successful experiments.

    • Axil Axil

      Regarding: “But generating 5 GeV/c is no small feat;”

      It takes about 200 MeV to create a meson, 140 Mec to create a pion, and 400 KeV to turn a proton into a neutron. It takes about 10^14 EV to produce a quark plasma.

      • Ged

        Energy doesn’t come out of thin air, is the thing; to spawn particles one has to have “missing energy” from some other nuclear reaction, such as particle collisions. Similarly, one can’t pump in 200 MeV into a space and have a meson appear (though I think most meson flavors are 400-800 MeV in mass). Anything of lower energy will appear first and eat up the pie (photons being the major pathway for all energy transformations because they are just so easy). You have to have “missing energy” of instantaneously large enough value to create a meson (and a soup of other things along with), such as is done in those 5 GeV/c p-d -> He3 fusion collisions. There are so many other particle possibilities.

        Doesn’t mean it isn’t possible. But I don’t see a clear way to do this with this framework as is.

        • Axil Axil

          The pion, muon, decay chain results in the production of some neutrinos and an electron, All the remaining energy produced by the pion decay is returned back to the soliton via gamma photons. The soliton makes an energy loan of 130 MeV where it receives a profit of 6 MeV of binding energy for copper transmutation at the cost of 500 KeV of electron mass and some neutrino production energy.

  • Ophelia Rump

    The thing which stands out the most about this model being applied to LENR would be the implication that either there is some quantum substance which must be consumed in the fuel which causes the fuel to deplete, or the reaction would run infinitely with the same fuel source.

    Is there some indication this being true? What evidence suggests that the reaction is bringing energy into existence and not releasing stored energy? The implications of creating energy are simply too profoundly unprecedented to consider this line of thought without some evidence of energy creation or non-depleting fuel.

    This is so extreme that it even lacks credibility as science fiction.

    • Axil Axil

      E=MC^2 applies. Mass of the matter in the reactor is being transformed into energy through a gainful nuclear reaction. This is standard nuclear physics. It does not take much matter conversion to make a lot of energy.

      • Ophelia Rump

        An EMF model of particle creation (Axil Axil)

        Then I think you should be using the word transformation. You are transforming existing particles to EM radiations and then transforming the EM to particles.

        • Axil Axil

          The reaction transforms either heat photons or gamma photons into magnetism. Then magnetism is transformed into nuclear mass.

          • Ophelia Rump

            I had the mistaken impression that you were suggesting tapping quantum background radiations from the Aether or Quantum foam or whatever is in fashion this decade.

          • Axil Axil

            The Uncertainty Principle does add energy to the reaction but at a fixed average rate, but this is only important is very small systems to get the LENR reaction rolling..

  • Axil Axil

    At 11:05 in the co-dispositon vidieo, the experimenters put plain water in in with the pladium salts to run co-disposition of hydrogen. After a few days they saw some heat. I speculate that most of the power was finding it way into nuclear byproducts. Then an meltdown occurred. Why weren’t the experimenters all killed by radiation. Only heat was produced when the nuclear connection was made through sufficient dipole power accumulation.

  • Axil Axil

    Under your model how does a 20 milliwatt input produce the LENR reaction? How does the astroblaster effect work with only milliwatts of input energy?