Hexagonal Crystals and LENR (Axil Axil)

The following post was submitted by Axil Axil

I contend that the central cause of LENR is superconductive monopole magnetization.

What underpins the strong force (the color force) is monopole magnetism in a superconductive context. Certain hard to produce chemical base crystal arrangements can produce this superconductive monopole magnetism. This class of chemical compounds when formatted in a hexagonal nanoparticle size might disrupt the strong force and the various subatomic particles that depend on that strong force.

A concept that flow out of that assumption is how a monopole magnetic field can be produced by that hexagonal crystal structure. An analog of the hexagonal crystal structure is through the topology of the Rodin coil. This coil forces an electron current to follow is vortex based path that generates a monopole magnetic field.

This type coil gives insight that allows us to connect monopole magnetism with the concept of hexagonal based photon flow and a resultant magnetic toroid with produces a monopole beam when photons follow a vortex path.

The first insight into the hexagonal magic produced by some crystals that might support LENR was first revealed by the Water crystal produced in the extreme heat and pressure of the collapsing cavitation bubble. LeClair has done a great deal of detailed research into the nature and properties of this microcrystal. The next example is the graphite like crystal structure that the hydrogen atoms take on under extreme pressure and heat. But Leif Holmlid shows us that heat and pressure are not required to form graphite like hexagonal structures in chemical compounds. A template of potassium and/or lithium can aid in the formation of these LENR active shapes. Lithium for example can reduce the heat and pressure needed to form hydrogen in a hexagonal format by 400%.

The next revelation comes from the 12 square inch wafer that powers Rossi’s patented reactor. It is striking that Rossi uses mica as a separator between his centrally located heater and the fuel layers that are positioned on either side of the heater. Mica has a hexagonal crystal structure identical to graphite and is a strong dielectric.

The way that the phonon process works in this wafer is as follows: The high heat up to 1400C that he Rossi wafer heater layer produces generates Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPP). The SPPs pass through the EMF transparent white hot steel cover of the heater layer and are reformatted by the regular crystal structure of the heat resistant mica to produce vortex motion of these heater generated infrared photons. These photons form a toroid based circulation pattern that correspond with the mica crystal patterns. This crystal filters the photons as they pass through the mica layer. Many photon based toroidal circulations can combine as toroid’s tend to do into a few larger photonic toroids.

Muscovite (also known as common mica,isinglass, or potash mica[4]) is a highly oxygenated phyllosilicate mineral of aluminum and potassium with formula KAl2(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2, or (KF)2(Al2O3)3(SiO2)6(H2O) might work in a similar way to Lief Holmlid’s iron oxide catalyst doped with potassium and graphite.

http://www.thisoldearth.net/Muscovite%20Crystal%20Structure.gif

Surfaces held together by relatively weak bonds, such as those between repeated parallel layers of a crystal, will tend to break more easily than those held together by strong bonds. The tendency of a mineral to break along these flat parallel surfaces is known as cleavage. This can best be seen in the atomic model of the muscovite mica crystal below.

Crystal Structure of Muscovite
Notice the lack of bonds between the large yellow atoms (representing potassium) and the layers of highly bonded silica tetrahedra, aluminum, and hydroxide ions.

The number and strength of bonds between the silica, aluminum, and hydroxide ions make those layers much stronger. Therefore, muscovite mica is much more likely to break along the layers that only contain the weakly bonded potassium ions. This results in 1 excellent cleavage plane of mica. This cleavage is observed in the ability to peel sheets of mica.

The mica might convert hydrogen into the Rydberg matter form by using loosely bound potassium in the mica as a quantum mechanical template within the fuel layer of the wafer.

The advantage that mica has is that is has a regular hexagonal crystal structure that will produce many billions of plasmid Nano photonic structures that induce the creation of Rydberg hydrogen matter. It is possible to find a single monolithic square foot sheet of mica that is a pure and regular photonic filter that can cover the heater/fuel wafer interface.

In this other possible example as follows:

There are English subtitles.

1.5 COP noted at one point.

TiH2 used for hydrogen production. 2 to 2.5 COP noted later. They are not using powder, but attribute the excess heat to the nickel wire used.

http://www.eurvi.com/modification-e-cat-proof-of-generating-excess-heat_57c4f0026.html

One reason why the LENR reaction is active in this experiment is because quartz was used as the enclosure. Quartz is a hexagonal crystal. As noted above, this shape crystal is friendly to the LENR reaction.

Could the mica in the Rossi wafer be possibly replaced with quartz?

Axil Axil

  • Axil Axil

    See

    http://www.mindat.org/system_search.php?g=18

    Minerals in the Hexagonal crystal system, Dihexagonal Pyramidal class (6mm)

    Bromellite
    Buseckite
    Cadmoselite
    Calcioburbankite
    Catamarcaite
    Demartinite
    Ferrohögbomite-2N2S
    Ferrotaaffeite-2N’2S
    Graphite
    Greenockite
    Grootfonteinite
    Halamishite
    Iodargyrite
    Iseite
    Jedwabite
    Lukechangite-(Ce)
    Magnesiohögbomite-2N2S
    Majindeite
    Orcelite
    Rambergite
    Rogermitchellite
    Sanrománite
    Swedenborgite
    Wurtzite
    Yarlongite
    Zincite
    Zincohögbomite-2N2S
    Zincohögbomite-2N6S

    • Axil Axil

      Reference:

      http://www.francescocelanienergy.org/files/Art.ICCF19_100915H3_Aggiornato.pdf

      Hottest temperature found on the mica support.

    • Fly101

      It’s a bit hard for me to understand the physics, but maybe I can provide another little pebble on this. Are you aware of transmutation effects found in rocks under high pressure by Dr Carpinteri in Turin? He found granite exibit transmutations and neutron emissions, and granite contains mica…

    • Axil Axil

      IMHO, generalization from wisps is how learning about LENR must be done. A shadow here or a bright spot there could make all the difference.

  • Axil Axil

    Here is the image of mica that is refered to in the text of this post above as follows:

    http://www.thisoldearth.net/Muscovite%20Crystal%20Structure.gif

  • Axil Axil

    Reference:

    http://pages.csam.montclair.edu/~kowalski/cf/246vysotskii.html

    A sheet of mica near a radioactive source changes the gamma decay probability

    A year before announcing the microbial effect on 137Cs, Vysotskii and his colleagues (from Moscow State University) made another announcement. That was at the 10th International Conference on Cold Fusion (ICCF10, August 2003). Their paper, entitled “The theory and experimental investigation of controlled spontaneous conversion nuclear decay of radioactive isotopes,” can be downloaded from the library at . Let me summarize the experimental part of that interesting paper.

    A radioactive source — 57Co — (T=257 days decaying into 57Fe by K-capture) — was placed in front of a detector. Gamma rays of energies of 136.4 keV, 122 keV and 14.4 keV, emitted from the 57Fe nuclei (T=1 nsec) were recorded. There is nothing new about this; the energy diagram of the decay process is shown below.

    I can easily imagine three gamma ray peaks in a multichannel analyzer. What is new and interesting is the effect thin mica sheets on relative intensities of the peaks. The authors discovered that the ratios of peak intensities can be changed by introducing a 50-microns-thin mica sheet into the region between the source and the detector. Labeling the areas below the peaks as N14, N122 and N136 they characterized the effect of mica by the ratio R, defines as N14.4/(N122+N136). By changing the distance X, between the source and the mica sheet, they discovered that, R depends on X, as illustrated below.

    http://pages.csam.montclair.edu/~kowalski/cf/246figure2.jpg

    Unfortunately, no bars of errors were assigned to individual data points and nothing was stated about reproducibility of results. For example, is R always equal to 0.82 when X=250 microns? And is R always equal to 0.88 when X=420 microns? I will assume that observations were reproducible and that the error bars were “too small to be shown.” To give the authors all benefits of my doubt, I will also assume that control experiments were performed to show that equivalent screens made from other materials had negligible effect on the values of R at different X.

    Taking these assumptions for granted I tentatively accept the main claim of the paper: “In these experiments we discovered an inhibition of the conversion channel for nuclear decay by 7–10%, and a change (increase) of the total lifetime for the radioactive 57Fe* isotope by 6–9%, at the optimal size X of the slot, in relation to spontaneous decay in free space without the thin mica crystal.”

    P.S.
    This mica screening effect on 57Fe is not as strong as the bacterial effect on 137Cs. But each of these effects, if confirmed by other researchers, will show that the prevailing point of view has only a limited validity. Emission of gamma rays is a nuclear effect and ability of influencing it by screening the source with a thin sheet of mica (a mono-crystal) is not consistent with the prevailing point of view. How can a crystal, situated hundreds of microns from the atomic nuclei of the source influence what happens in the nuclei? To answer this question one should be able to understand the theoretical part of the paper. Unfortunately, i do not understand it, due to my very limited background in theoretical physics. But I would very much like to know what theoretical physicists think about the paper. By skimming the first part of the paper I notice that the explanation is based, among other things, on the concept of “zero-energy.” The authors claim that experimental results confirm their theory.

  • Axil Axil

    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/spontaneous-voltage-constantan-wires/

    Mica used in sucessful experiment- the effect of spontaneous generation of a potential difference, or voltage, found in Constantan wires by Francesco Celani

    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Reactor_Celani.jpg

    Photo of the small, dissipation type, transparent reactor operating at INFN-LNF. The volume is about 250cc. The 2 wires, reference and active, are rounded on a mica support. The thermocouples are Type K, SS screened (diameter 1.5 millimeter).

    • Axil Axil

      Reference:

      http://www.ludkow.info/cf/406bio_alchemy.pdf

      Observations
      From 1935 Kervran [28] collected facts and performed experiments, which showed that transmutations of chemical
      elements do indeed occur in living organisms. It started when he investigated fatal accidents from carbon monoxide
      poisoning when none was detectable in the air. Next he analysed why Sahara oilfield workers excreted a daily average
      of 320 mg more calcium than they ingested without decalcification occurring.
      Kervran pointed out that the ground in Brittany contained no calcium; however, every day a hen would lay a perfectly
      normal egg, with a perfectly normal shell containing calcium. The hens eagerly pecked mica from the soil, and mica
      contains potassium. It appears that the hens may transmute some of the potassium into calcium.

  • Axil Axil

    Iron oxide in the Rhombohedral, hR30 (α-form) is hexagonal.

    https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/76/Hexagonal_latticeR.svg/300px-Hexagonal_latticeR.svg.png

    This iron oxide catalyst is used by Holmlid in his process.

  • Axil Axil

    In the Lugano test, the heater wires were visible as dark shadows on a brighter core background. There is evidence that another substance like silicon dioxide aerogel (quartz) held the fuel in place to distribute the fuel evenly over the core volume.

    This core filler might be based on the hexagonal crystal material’s ability to be the hottest material used to generate the LENR reaction.

    • Ecco

      It’s fun to speculate, but could you post links to substantiated evidence that a silica aerogel was used in Lugano? There’s also the problem that silicon dioxide decomposes into SiO and H2O at temperatures > 1000 °C in a hydrogen atmosphere.

      http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022459674900929

      https://books.google.com/books?id=aA3vCAAAQBAJ&pg=PA150&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false
      http://i.imgur.com/tJTF5t2.png

      • Axil Axil

        Thanks for the feedback…

        Page 45 of the Lagano report particle 2 is an oxide of silicon, most probably the dioxide. Silicon was not found in the fuel assay. Where did the silicon come from? It could have been a transmutation product.

        I am looking for a hexagonal crystal structure refractory foam to hold the fuel load. Quartz might not be the best.

        The better candidates include silicon carbide, tungsten carbide, and boron nitride.

        Cook says that tungsten was present and a part of the Lugano test. This opens the possibility that tungsten carbide was used as the foam fuel holder. Because of particle 2, Silicon carbide is also in play.

        Boron nitride is the least likely.

        I now believe that the monolithic hexagon based crystal foam material will host the greatest heat production processes inside the reactor. This idea comes from the behavior of mica is various LENR experiments.

        See

        http://www.e-catworld.com/2016/01/16/hexagonal-crystals-and-lenr-axil-axil/

        The shadow of the heater coil might indicate that the hexagonal crystal based foam fuel holder is the hottest part of the Lugano reactor.

        I also believe that the hexagonal crystal structure will provide a quantum mechanical template for the formation of Rydberg hydrogen matter. A high temperature refractory material that holds that crystal structure even at 1500C is important to the formation of rydberg hydrogen.

        If my thinking needs adjustment, please let me know.

  • Zephir

    /* I contend that the central cause of LENR is superconductive monopole magnetization*/

    The e-catworld shouldn’t present private speculations of anonymous users without any reference, which clearly belong into a comment section and nowhere else. This hypothesis has no both experimental indicia, both testable predictions – it’s untestable tautological speculation. Not to say, the “superconductive monopole magnetization” is physical nonsense – the magnetic field kills the superconductivity and no monopoles were ever observed during it.

    https://imgs.xkcd.com/comics/string_theory.png