‘Coulombic Ordering’ in Tight Spaces Disrupts Normal Particle Behavior in Ions (Phys.org)

Thanks to a reader for sending a link to a new article on the Phys.org website that talks about researchers at Drexel University in Pennsylvania have discovered that ions behave differently when confined in small spaces. The article is titled “Just squeeze in—researchers discover when spaces are tight, nature loosens its laws.” It’s possible this has relevance to LENR where it appears that very unexpected results can occur in nanomaterials when particles are subject to high temperatures and pressures.

It turns out that when they’re in a hurry and space is limited, ions, like people, will find a way to cram in—even if that means defying nature’s norms. Recently published research from an international team of scientists, including Drexel University’s Yury Gogotsi, PhD, shows that the charged particles will actually forgo their “opposites attract” behavior, called Coulombic ordering, when confined in the tiny pores of a nanomaterial. This discovery could be a pivotal development for energy storage, water treatment and alternative energy production technologies, which all involve ions packing into nanoporous materials.

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-09-inresearchers-spaces-tight-nature-loosens.html#jCp

  • Andreas Moraitis

    One might guess that the positive ions ‚borrow’ electrons from the surrounding walls, while for negative ions holds the opposite. (Imagine this as a dynamic process.) Thus, the entities would resemble rather atoms than ions, so that they could be arranged more freely.

    I doubt that there is a connection to CF/LENR here, since ions (with a few exceptions) and atoms have a much larger diameter than nuclei. The nuclei would anyway be kept at distance.

    Nonetheless, nanotubes or –cracks might facilitate CF/LENR, as has been proposed by Ed Storms. But I suspect that the underlying mechanism would be different from the one described in the cited paper.

  • bfast

    This might be more important than all that. If this study shows that the dread coulomb barrier is not so dread after all, then a path can be found for mainstream science to understand, therefore accept, LENR.

    • Dr. Mike

      The “dread coulomb barrier” has already shown to be incorrect by Unified Gravity with the results presented in their lithium-proton fusion patent (WO2014189799). The modelling of atomic nuclei (including protons) as point charges is just not consistent with the Unified Gravity results. Perhaps Randall Mills’ models of the proton and neutron (both having a spatial charge distribution) would be more consistent with the experimental results observed by Unified Gravity?

      • Bob Greenyer

        Stoyan Sarg shows that the nucleus has a structure, that all entry points are not equal and that it is far larger, with spatial charge than that previously thought.

  • georgehants

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  • magicsnd1

    The research paper summarized in the phys.org article describes an experimental confirmation of the important work of Kondrat and Kornyshev at Imperial College. Their 2011 paper calculated the “exponential screening of the ion–ion interactions in a metallic nanopore and the interaction of ions with pore walls—both determined by image forces, which underpin what we call a ‘superionic state’ in metallic nanopores.”

    While the focus of that paper was anomalous behavior of super-capacitors, their analysis seems relevant to understanding how protons confined in a lattice flaw (nano-crack) might behave as Ed Storms proposes.
    Experimental confirmation is an important step. Good Stuff!

    S Kondrat and A Kornyshev 2011 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 23 022201
    or
    https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/23/2/022201 (open source)

    • Andreas Moraitis

      Depends on what kind of ions they are talking about. As you know, Storms’ “hydrotons” consist of alternating sequences of protons (hydrogen ions) and electrons. However, this is a very special case, since there will be no Coulomb repulsion of the electron shells (a single electron cannot not repel itself). In most other cases, the remaining shells would keep the nuclei at distance. Note also that the arrangement of ions, as described in the above article, is different from Storms’ pattern. Actually, the appearance of not consequentially alternating sequences is the key observation of the study.

      • Andreas Moraitis

        “cannot not” = “cannot”

  • Zephir

    The main effect here is, the quantum effects (Zero Point Energy) shake particles confined to a narrow channels (and/or layers) in such a way, the standard ion ordering withing crystal lattices gets violated. It’s sorta analogy of increase of melting point of ice inside thin layers of humidity (yes, the known effect of ice slipperiness and regelation also belong into this group of phenomena). From dense aether model perspective this effect is easy to explain: the vacuum fluctuations have a tendency to shake all elementary particles in neverending motion, the intensity of which is rather insignificant when it occurrs in all three dimensions at the same moment. But its momentum is rather constant, so that once we eliminate the motion of particles in two or three dimensions, then the effects of vacuum energy in residual dimensions get significantly enhanced and the uncertainty of particle speed and motion in the residual dimensions/directions increases. Here I created an animation which sorta illustrates this effect in illustrative way. The motion of particles gets bewildered, once they get constrained in their motion. There were observations of enhancing of cold fusion inside the materials, which have electron motion constrained into a narrow channels (hole stripes within superconductors – Mario Rabinowitz, Edmund Storms). Also there are indicia. that the cold fusion runs way easier inside a narrow channels (dislocation of whisker crystals) as Francesco Piantelli utilizes in his technology. Other than that, the broking of ion ordering haso no direct application for cold fusion I guess, because the cold fusion doesn’t care about some ordering. There are some LENR theories, like the Storms’ "hydrotons", which consider the alternating sequences of protons (hydrogen ions) and electrons – and the breaking of this order would inhibit cold fusion, rather than support it. What IMO matters there is, the increased energy of ion collisions constrained to a narrow channels or cracks could enable the overcoming of Coulomb barriers easier, at least in theory.