Chiral Polarization is the Key to the LENR Reaction (Axil Axil)

The following post has been submitted by Axil Axil

The key requirement of the LENR reaction is the chiral polarization of matter and energy. All particles can be Chiral polarized including photons. This polarization principle is most notably and purely demonstrated in the Papp fuel preparation process. The goal of that process is the left handedness polarization of the spins of 5 types of noble gases.

Most hopeful Papp engine replicators do not spin chiral polarize the noble gas mix. Nobody understands the purpose of the Papp fuel preparation process.

Generally, in the Papp fuel preparation process, radioactivity from thorium and x-rays are used to chiral polarize the spins of the five noble gases with left handed chiral spins. Radioactivity produces subatomic particles and photons that are always left handed chiral spin polarized. The use of radioactive materials loaded into the hollow electrodes (aka buckets) in the Papp engine maintains the left handed chiral polarization of the noble gases during the operation of the engine.

When Papp developed the Papp engine, laser tech was not known, so Papp used radioactivity as the means to spin polarize the noble gases that powered the Papp reaction.

Today, noble gas chiral spin polarization can be done without the need for radioactive material. Optical pumping is a very efficient method to control the atomic spin state through interaction with a resonant light beam carrying angular momentum. In the presence of a magnetic guiding field B and of weak relaxation processes, the net result of the repeated light absorption and re-emission cycles is a change in the relative populations of the involved atomic sublevels, i.e. creation of spin orientation. For chiral spin polarizing of noble gases currently used in industry, two routes are possible: spin exchange optical pumping (SEOP), with indirect transfer of angular momentum from a polarized laser beam to the noble gas nuclei via alkali metal atoms (usually rubidium), and metastability exchange optical pumping (MEOP), with direct transfer of angular momentum from resonant laser light to He atoms. Each technique has its own advantages and limitations.

For instance, SEOP directly operates at high pressure but is a slow process (several hours are required to polarize helium), while MEOP is a much faster process (it only takes seconds to polarize 100 cm3 of gas at 1 mbar), but only operates at low pressure (mbar). SEOP has been used for several imaging experiments, but MEOP is preferred because of its faster production rates and higher nuclear polarizations.

An example of a He Polarizing Industrial Method

The polarization apparatus is based on the method of optical pumping of metastable He atoms in a weak gas discharge at a gas pressure of about 1 mbar. The whole equipment is located in a homogeneous magnetic field B0 of 1 mT, which serves as a holding field and as quantization axis for the polarized He-nuclei. The polarizing and compressing system consists of three parts: The first part contains the He reservoir and getters for gas purification. The second part consists of the optical pumping volume. The optical pumping itself is done by two 15 W fiber lasers at 1083 nm. The five OP-cells have a length of 2.20 m. In order to maximize the light absorption the circularly polarized laser light is back-reflected at dichroic mirrors. The nuclear polarization of the He gas can be monitored during the OP-process by measuring the circular polarization of the 668 nm-light emitted by the discharge. The third part contains a mechanical polarization-conserving compressor driven by hydraulics.

ax

In my own way of thinking, a linearly polarized laser vertical photon beam produced by a diode laser can be conditioned by an organic chiral spin filter (aka karo syrup) to convert the photon stream from a laser into a left handed chiral state. All organic matter is polarized left handed. A clear solution of d-glucose can convert the photon polarization in the required left handed polarization. The required photon stream must be linearly chiral spin polarized left handed. This conditioned laser beam could irradiate a small hole in a container from which a noble gas mix is flowing. The hole is small enough for the laser beam to cover the entire hole.

ax2

In the picture, an intense source of light is polarized filtered into the LENR required left handed spin state.

  • sam
  • AdrianAshfield

    Axil,
    I get what chiral is but you don’t go on to explain how this is used to get energy out.

    • causal observer

      Axil never fully signed off on this, however, it allowed me to see a complete set of “possible” paths. The “weird but true” science is that the weak force only acts on left-handed particles (!!!). There is extensive commentary around this diagram, including from Axil, near the top of this post.

      http://e-catworld.com/2018/03/23/investigation-of-the-characteristics-of-magnetotoroelectric-emanations-with-the-help-of-photographic-film-detectors-russian-paper/

      https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/ec3ec7d3119f23133a9ce1f5be51b908026105999fb8729a6870a95c2c77db05.png

    • Axil Axil

      From the Papp patent:

      “The fourth and fifth concepts of this invention are the transformation of rapid, intense, but short duration thermonuclear reactions into pressure that is transmitted from inert gas to inert gas until it creates linear kinetic energy at the piston, which energy is converted into rotary kinetic energy by a crankshaft, and the use of a shaft-driven generator to provide power to spaced field coils during the BDC to TDC portion of the cycle of each cylinder.”

      Papp though the reaction was fusion. I beleive the reaction is based on the decay of nucleons. But Muon catalyzed fusion may be happening.

      The reaction is multi staged. It begins in the lightest gas and progresses in steps to the heaviest gas in a chain reaction. Holmlid has detected protons moving at .75 light speed and with a kinetic energy of 500 MeV.

  • causal observer

    Interesting models of plasma discharge toward the end if this
    http://www.archibel.com/fileadmin/archibel/download/radar/summary-miasms.doc

    • Axil Axil

      Rohner does not polarize his gases, but he does use thorium in his electrodes.

  • Axil Axil

    The Hutchison effect is said to be facilitated by the presence of pitchblende. As demonstrated by the Papp engine design, chirality is produced by isotope decay as left handed particles come off the decay process. This also includes neutrinos which are all left handed particles, Neutrinos do not interact with matter but they may interact with EMF fields (AKA photons that comprise the RF)

    The RF produced by the Hutchison effect could be converted to left handed chirality as the spin fields generated by the pitchbleand convert the RF to left handed chirality.

    • RLittle

      Hi Axil, I agree with you concerning left handed rotation underlying unconventional nuclear processes. I previously presented this concept. I have already published this idea. I will warn you in advance that I am not going to get in arguments in this setting with you. But I saw your post and thought I would encourage the thought. RBL

      • Axil Axil

        Could you kindly provide a link to your publication regarding the role of particle chirality in LENR. I would be interested in reading it.

        • RLittle

          Hi Sir, I mean you no harm, it is just that usually I am not welcomed in scientific discussions. I have contributed many many discoveries in last 20 years and my ideas and theories are usually stolen and plagiarized by crooks. So I am left with no choice but to enter every interaction defending myself. Thank you for a friend professional, human response. Yes I will send you the location and reference information for my prior papers. The idea has already been archived by me as reversible (for all transport and transformations chemically) and irreversible ( for unconventional nuclear reactions) fussing and fusing of nuclei of positive and negative nuclear magnetic moments for explaining and accelerating unconventional nuclear reactions and by such I have explained how all prior cold fusion and lenr observations since Ponns and Fleischmann (i prefer calling them unconventional nuclear reactions as they are not low energy but high potential energy) occur and can be accelerated by these nonprimordial nuclear magnetic moments and the difficulty of inducing unconventional nuclear reactions is thereby explained by me as the site ( Ed Storm’s reaction centers which he did not and was not able to give nature of) has to enrich in these nuclear magnetic moments in particular the negative nuclear magnetic moments. It was by this that I accelerated unconventional nuclear in silver and copper as by silver having all negative nuclear moments. It is by this that nickel is better than Palladium has it is 61Ni causing nuclear activity in Nano nickel. It is the negative nuclear moment in Ti that causes its unconventional nucleaer activity. By my theory, I also invented a THEORETICAL cure for cancer using negative nuclear moments their consequent chiral rays what I call dark rays. It is by this that i also have discovered the true cause origin and theory of high temperature superconductivity as by these nuclei of negative nuclear magnetic moments. I can explain all superconductivity and I know how to increase superconductivity to room temperatures using isotopes of nonzero nuclear magnetic moments. But most humans are disgustingly corrupt and evil and I am not likely to get credit for these new discoveries as some crooks are waiting to steal them. Criminals have stolen from me for over 25 years leaving me in poverty. Such a sad and sick world. I hope young people make a better world (future) as many old people have corrupted this world. But i am shocked that you respond kindly. Thank you. RBL

          • Axil Axil

            There is exciting times ahead for the theorist. MFMP will release experimental results that the theorist can test their ideas against. I have changed my ways of thinking some based on a preview of these results. I am sure that this data will show up here but the data will be surly found in video form on steemit.com.

            https://steemit.com/@mfmp

          • RLittle

            Thanks Axil. You have a nice day. Let me know if you would like to collaborate on a venture.

            Sincerely,
            RBL

          • georgehants

            RLittle, I think you will find ECW a very safe and welcoming place to discuss your work, unique in the scientific

          • RLittle

            Hi Mr. GeorgeHants,

            Thanks for your encouragement. I want to publish this comment on ECW.

            Can you ask ECW if it will publish my comment from yesterday for documentation purposes?

            “The idea has already been archived by me as reversible (for all transport and transformations chemically) and irreversible ( for unconventional nuclear reactions) fussing and fusing of nuclei of positive and negative nuclear magnetic moments for explaining and accelerating unconventional nuclear reactions and by such I have explained how all prior cold fusion and lenr observations since Ponns and Fleischmann (i prefer calling them unconventional nuclear reactions as they are not low energy but high potential energy) occur and can be accelerated by these nonprimordial nuclear magnetic moments and the difficulty of inducing unconventional nuclear reactions is thereby explained by me as the site ( Ed Storm’s reaction centers which he did not and was not able to give nature of) has to enrich in these nuclear magnetic moments in particular the negative nuclear magnetic moments. It was by this that I accelerated unconventional nuclear in silver and copper as by silver having all negative nuclear moments. It is by this that nickel is better than Palladium has it is 61Ni causing nuclear activity in Nano nickel. It is the negative nuclear moment in Ti that causes its unconventional nucleaer activity. By my theory, I also invented a THEORETICAL cure for cancer using negative nuclear moments their consequent chiral rays what I call dark rays. It is by this that i also have discovered the true cause origin and theory of high temperature superconductivity as by these nuclei of negative nuclear magnetic moments. I can explain all superconductivity and I know how to increase superconductivity to room temperatures using isotopes of nonzero nuclear magnetic moments. ” RBL

          • georgehants

            RLittle, I am not technically able to reply to your post, many others on page I am sure will respond.
            If you wish to send anything direst to ECW then below is the E-mail for Frank our dedicated site owner.
            Best
            Frank Acland

          • RLittle

            Thanks George

  • Alan DeAngelis

    Could the “Multeity of Nuclides…” seen in the Parkhomov’s reactor be taking place in Klostermann and Sanchez’s version of Papp’s engine?

    My comment at Cold Fusion Now: http://coldfusionnow.org/heinz-klostermann-on-the-papp-engine-there-should-be-a-marshall-plan-to-support-this/

    “Could the following reactions be taking place in Klostermann and Sanchez’s engine?

    O(16) + O(16) > He(4) + Si(28) 9.6 MeV

    O(16) + O(17) > He(4) + Si(29) 13.9 MeV

    O(16) + O(18) > He(4) + Si(30) 16.5 MeV

    N(14) + N(14) > He(4) + Mg(24) 17.2 MeV

    N(14) + N(15) > He(4) + Mg(25) 13.7 MeV”

    • Alan DeAngelis

      PS

      Here’s another thought I had about the Papp engine at Cold Fusion Now. http://coldfusionnow.org/plasma-engine-reproduced-now-optimizing-for-efficiency/

      “ I’m just thinking that when one of the two pistons (in the
      two cylinder engine) is closest to the spark plug (or the equivalent of a spark
      plug in the Papp engine) and the plasma explosion takes place in the fixed
      amount of gas (gasses) in the cylinder, the number of gas molecules will remain
      the same but they will have more energy due to the kinetic energy released by
      just a few molecules that would undergo a nuclear reaction (remember that a
      nuclear reaction is about 10,000,000 times more energetic than a chemical
      reaction, so you would need one ten millionth fewer molecules exploding than
      you would in a gasoline engine to get the equivalent explosion). The expanding
      gas from the explosion pushes the piston (it’s doing work). Adiabatic cooling
      occurs when the pressure of the gas is decreased as it does the work of moving
      the piston (therefore no radiator is needed. The heat is converted to work).
      The work was also used to push the other piston in the two piston engine into
      its starting position (closest to the spark plug) and the above process is
      repeated.

      There’s no need for a gas tank because hardly any of the molecules in the fixed
      amount of gas that is in the cylinder are consumed in the nuclear reaction. For
      example [,] only one kilogram of uranium 235 when it undergoes a fission
      reaction in an atomic bomb has the energy equivalent of 1,500 metric tons of
      coal!

      There is no need for an exhaust system because unlike the chemical reaction in
      a gasoline engine (were water vapor and CO2 gas are created to push the piston)
      no gas is being created. It’s just the fixed amount of gas that was there
      initially that’s expanding when the plasma explosion takes place.”

      • Alan DeAngelis

        PPS

        Eugene Mallove on Papp (0.55 min)

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mvni1yvGmxc

      • Axil Axil

        Regarding: “The expanding
        gas from the explosion pushes the piston (it’s doing work). Adiabatic cooling
        occurs when the pressure of the gas is decreased as it does the work of moving
        the piston (therefore no radiator is needed. The heat is converted to work).”

        Heat has nothing to do with the workings of the Papp engine. The Papp engine runs cold. The LENR reaction produces a shock wave of sub atomic particles with a speed of expansion that is close to the speed of light with energy up to 500 MeV, This is 100 times more powerful than a fusion reaction.

        • Alan DeAngelis

          “..sub atomic particles with a speed of expansion that is close to the speed of light with energy up to 500 MeV”… IS HEAT!

          • Alan DeAngelis

            PS

            Another one of my old comments :

            “Well, I was just thinking that the initial small explosion doesn’t last long (it doesn’t go on continually as the piston moves up) and that most of the energy goes into expanding the gas (that would start to cool during its adiabatic expansion like in a refrigerator http://www.chem.arizona.edu/~salzmanr/480a/480ants/jadjte/jadjte.html
            ) as it does mechanical work (like moving the crank shaft) and there wouldn’t be much energy left over as heat.”

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V3KJ8nPhtO0

          • Axil Axil

            There is no heat involved at all in the Papp engine. The Papp engine fires three times in every piston stroke as described in the patent.

          • Alan DeAngelis

            It can’t be zero. Work is being done to make the 100 hp. One
            or three sparks per stroke. Regardless, the fixed number of expanding molecules will necessarily have to cool as it transfers the energy into the work of moving the piston. (the amount of gas in the system remains constant so it’s not like an internal combustion engine where a liquid is turning into lots of hot gas).

          • Axil Axil

            The Papp engine has no radiator or cooling system yet the engine can be touched without discomfort…it runs cold.

          • Alan DeAngelis

            YES!!! Like the adiabatic expansion in a refrigerator.

          • Alan DeAngelis

            PS
            The moving pistons are its heat sink (its radiator).

          • Alan DeAngelis

            As you mentioned below:

            “The fourth concepts of this invention are the transformation of rapid, intense, but short duration thermonuclear reactions into pressure that is transmitted from inert gas to inert gas until it creates linear kinetic energy at the piston, which energy is converted into rotary kinetic energy by a crankshaft, and the use of a shaft-driven generator to provide power to spaced field coils during the BDC to TDC portion of the cycle of each cylinder.”

          • Albert D. Kallal

            Sorry, if the engine does not produce heat, then it not going to produce anything of value.
            It don’t matter if it is chemical, or atomic – you need to produce Joules of energy – the “proxy” for such value of energy is heat unless some can give an example of something able to produce work of value without heat.

          • Axil Axil

            An ion rocket engine can push a rocket through space without the generation of heat. It does not burn fuel.

            https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ion_thruster

            An ion thruster or ion drive is a form of electric propulsion used for spacecraft propulsion. It creates thrust by accelerating positive ions with electricity. The term refers strictly to gridded electrostatic ion thrusters, and is often incorrectly loosely applied to all electric propulsion systems including electromagnetic plasma thrusters.

            https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9e/Ion_Engine_Test_Firing_-_GPN-2000-000482.jpg/440px-Ion_Engine_Test_Firing_-_GPN-2000-000482.jpg

            The Papp engine does the same thing as the ion thruster. It pushes the piston using ions to create force.

          • Albert D. Kallal

            An icon rocket under ZERO circumstances gets you away from heat.
            What is the energy source you are using to create the energy for the ion motor?

            You going to produce electricity (lots of it) to power that ion motor.

            The process to create that electric will take energy, and that energy will result in heat. In fact you need lots of heat to produce that electricity.

            I mean, it would beyond laughable to say I have a electric fan at home that does not seem to produce much heat.

            The problem of course the electricity on the other end is supplied by a MASSIVE coal plant and huge steam boiler fired generator. Gee, no heat here????

            It is REALLY silly and illogical to suggest that the ejection of the ion is going to produce heat. However, the production of the electric to achieve that goal MOST certainly will.

            So you can have the huge steam engine in your house, or have it at the big power generation plant many miles away.

            You creating heat to do that work. In the case of supposed and wild speculative tin foil hat pap engine, it would not produce heat if not under a load – but if that device is going to produce work, and is to be under load, then it will produces the equilibrant joules of energy in the form of heat.

            I fail to see in ANY reasoned logical thinking that a ion engine gets around this issue of heat – the amount of heat at the engine ejection part might be low (like our above electric fan), but at the energy stage to produce the electric, it going to involve lots and lots of heat.
            I mean, I really hope we not going down a logical path of reason based on a internal combustion engine vs some kind of engine that is powered by a external source of energy, say like a huge coal plant that was used to charge up your electric car (we are beyond grade 2 or 3 here, I assume????).

            Regards,

            Albert D. Kallal

            Edmonton, Alberta
            Canada

          • Albert D. Kallal

            I will also comment on the pap motor. All it turned out to be was a way to turn a ICE into a electric motor! You put you hand on a fan or furnace fan motor, and it is luke warm to the touch. The pap motor simple converted the electricity into a expanding and contracting gas medium that was POWERD by electricity – there was no evidence that the papp motor did anything better and more efficient then a standard coil wound electric motor that is feed with electricity.
            R
            Albert

          • Axil Axil

            The solar cells that produce electric power on the space craft use visible light (which is not heat) to feed power to the ion engine.

            The Papp engine uses LENR to generate power. This type of power source produces shock waves. not heat.

          • Albert D. Kallal

            Huh, so you mean the heat of nuclear reactor called the sun is the source of energy for the solar panels here? Gee, no kidding Sherlock!

            That light from the sun is the result of massive heat!!!

            You are doing work – you need that energy, and you going to have heat for that energy.

            It is the heat energy that produced that light.

            And so you are talking about power from the sun? Wow! nice try at deflection here!!!

            We were talking about a ion engine producing useful work, and to do that work you going to require a energy source that produces heat! This is a really a silly attempt at deflection on your part, or flipping context here.

            If you are telling me that the heat and nuclear power for a ion engine comes from the sun, then we talking about a nuclear power source with heat for the ion engine!

            Again:
            You will NOT be able to power the ion engine without some kind of energy source, and that energy source is going to produce heat, got it???

            I suppose we can discuss issues in regards to some kind internal heat engine vs that of a external heat engine like a simple electric motor with a external energy supply, or a ion engine.
            So the issue of the “use” of the engine producing heat vs that of the source of energy to power the engine? Well, ok, that’s interesting discussion I suppose?
            However my point here remains clear: that engine requires a power source, and that power source will be in the form of heat, and it will have to supply the joules of energy.
            I mean, the issue of how much heat or “loss” you get from using the engine and how much it heats up during use is not really that big of deal, is it?
            .A electric motor can remain relative cool because the energy source is external – same goes for the ion engine. A ICE engine is hot because the very name is “internal combustion”. This issue of the engine running cool is rather separate form the source of energy used to power the engine in question.
            However, in regards to the engine being able to do useful work, then YES it will MOST certainly require a source of heat to produce the energy that engine consumes.
            So that ion engine is ONLY going to function with a energy source, and that energy source will involve heat.

            The energy and power for the space craft when solar powered is the result of a massive ball of nuclear reactions which is a massive ball of heat production here.
            That massive ball of nuclear reactions produces the energy – and it is hot – very hot!

            Regards,
            Albert D. Kallal
            Edmonton, Alberta Canada

          • Axil Axil

            There is a difference between nuclear energy and chemical energy. Nuclear energy does not follow the rules of thermodynamics. An expanding shock wave of sub atomic particles is not subject to the same rules that apply to a fixed number of expanding molecules.

          • Alan DeAngelis
          • Axil Axil

            The Papp engine runs cold…no heat involved.

          • Alan DeAngelis

            YES it runs cold DUE TO AN ADIABATIC EXPANSION that does the
            work of moving the piston.

          • Axil Axil

            The Papp engene runs cold because no heat is produced by the Papp reaction. The ADIABATIC EXPANSION of one cylinder is matched to the ADIABATIC CONTRACTION of the gas in the mirror cylinder resulting in zero heat production.

  • Axil Axil

    There is a seeming contradiction with regards to how the proportions of the five noble gases that Papp used in his fuel mix were arrived at.

    The patent for the fuel preparation machine that Papp used reads like it could automatically determines when the optimal proportions of the various noble gases were mixed. But in the cannon demo, Papp mixed the various proportions of noble gases that comprised the fuel manually as he injected each noble gas using a syringe into the cannon one gas type at a time,

    The cannon demo was done in the 1960s, long before Papp developed the noble gas engine. This means that Papp must have known about noble gas behavior long before he used it in an engine.

  • Axil Axil

    If an experimenter wanted to use radioactive material to duplicate the Papp fuel preparation process, such material is impossible to get becuase of NRC regulations.

    But generating such material may be possible using LENR. DogOne produced a batch of radioactive waste using the LeClair cavitation method. DogOne used a washing Machine pump and a heater motor.

    http://pieeconomics.blogspot.com/p/cavitation-radiation.html
    Quote
    A man working in his garage used a drive motor from an old forced-air furnace and a pump from an old washing machine to make a device similar to NanoSpire’s which is claimed to have produced cavitation fusion. When I asked him about whether he obtained radiation readings he was very specific about the units of radioactivity (CPM) that were given off by the fusion as measured by his Geiger counter. Here are the relevant parts of a thread that appeared in the comments section of a Revolution-Green article:

    If you want to produce radioactive waste, to be safe you should do it in a hot cell remotely. Be warned that Papp and the Rohner brother who helped him prepared the fuel both died young of cancer.

  • Richard Hill

    Is it possible that somewhere in the natural world this is happening? I am thinking of waterfalls, seismic events, or even some microscopic behaviour. Cavitation must be occurring in many natural areas.

    • Axil Axil

      DogOne created the conditions for radioactive isotope production by generating a vacuum in the flow.

      DogOne: :And no, you don’t need a high-pressure pump–you are after vacuum, not pressure.”

      A vacuum can only be created in a close flow and not a natural open condition like a waterfall.

      The cavitaion condition is very hard to produce.

      DogOne: “The breakpoint is extremely sharp between pumping and loss of prime and it’s right in that region you want to operate. At that point you need to output those bubbles immediately into the media chamber and apply enough resistance on the output side of the chamber to get the bubbles to spread out and collapse within the media.”

      The cavitation process does not sound like it is easy to do. You need experience and patience and it is not subject to random factors.

      The Government mistreated LeClair badly. Maybe the government shut LeClair down because this process violates NRC procedures.

  • Axil Axil

    There are many ways in which the LENR reaction can be generated. They are all based on chiral particle separation. The most pervasive method of chiral separation is the Surface Plasmon Polariton (SPP). The SPP is a double vortex of polaritons. The SPP is what is at the bottom of most LENR reactors. There is a new field of science called nanoplasmonics that deals with SPPs.

    http://mafija.fmf.uni-lj.si/seminar/files/2011_2012/Nanoplasmonics-The_physics_behind_the_application.pdf

    nanoplasmonics: the physics behind the applications

    Surface plasmon polaritons are produced by Evanescent Waves on the surface of metals and other boundaries. The infrared EMF range are optimal for SPP production when nickel is used as the reflective substrate. Lasers are ineffective in producing the dipole motion necessary for the generation of SPPs because laser light is a plane wave.

    https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/16/Electron_density_wave_-_plasmon_excitations.png

    Schematic representation of evanescent waves propagating along a metal-dielectric interface. The charge density oscillations, when associated with electromagnetic fields, are called surface plasmon-polariton waves. The exponential dependence of the electromagnetic field intensity on the distance away from the interface is shown on the right. These waves can be excited very efficiently with light in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evanescent_wave

    In recent research, read how evanescent waves convert light into magnetism where dipole motion forms the basic power source for the LENR reaction.

    http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1308/1308.0547.pdf

    https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQSfQhFzsWoOaZoMw18DDACze2Hax-tHInk5Tin7b7zKW22X74O

    Polaritons are just spin particles. They form a soliton of two counter-rotating spin currents. One current contains right handed spins and the other left handed spins. The SPP produces chiral separation as a double spin vortex.

    http://members.optushome.com.au/walshjj/Falaco%20Soliton%20particle%20-%20RM%20Kiehn.png

    The proper science name for the SPP vortex is falaco solitons. The magnetic flux tube that connects the two counter rotating spin currents is a wormhole.

    The amazing thing about the SPP is that it imbues it quantum mechanical nature onto the entity that it is symbiotic with.

    The SPP can form on the surface of metal, on nano particles, on ultra dense hydride molecules of various types including HHO, on thin films, on the surface of a collapsing cavitation bubble, on noble gas molecules and clusters, on boundaries between materials, even in plasma…wherever the LENR reaction can be found, we will find the SPP there also. All these various systems will demonstrate, more or less, the same quantum mechanical behavior because of the SPP. All these various systems will produce the same LENR reaction because of the SPP.

  • Axil Axil

    Purcell effect

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purcell_effect

    For particle physicists whose entire standard model assumes that decay rates of radioactive isotopes cannot be influenced by external factors, the Purcell effect is a puzzle.

    The Purcell effect is a condition that has perplexed science which lays smack dab in the middle of one of the miracles of the LENR reaction. In science, It has long been asserted that nuclear decay rates are constant and cannot be affected by anything.

    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/10/141010083857.htm

    Old textbook knowledge reconfirmed: Decay rates of radioactive substances are constant

    This assertion has been used by the critics of the LENR reaction to undercut the validity of what experiments have shown when the LENR reaction was in progress.

    But the Purcell effect discounts the logic of this LENR criticism. The Purcell effect states that the decay rate of a radioactive isotope is affected by light trapped in an optical cavity. This nuclear decay rate can either increase or decrease by a factor up to 50 times.

    https://physics.aps.org/synopsis-for/10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.122501

    Controlling the Rate of Nuclear Decay

    The maximum effect is achieved when a dark mode of light emissions from the optical cavity is achieved. This mode is when light is maintained inside the cavity and does not radiate out. An important condition that must exist in both the LENR reaction and the Purcell effect is that this effect exists in nano-cavities in metal.

    But what is more disconcerting is that the nuclear decay rate can either increase or decrease by a factor of 50.

    There is something that exists in an optical cavity that can affect nuclear processes. What can it be and how does it do it.

    Well it is our old LENR friend, the Surface Plasmon Polariton (SPP). The SPP can produce nuclear effects and does it best when it is in dark mode in its optical cavity. But how can the SPP stop a radioactive isotope from decaying?

    The SPP is formed by two counter rotating currents of polaritons. These currents are polarized in terms of handedness. Right-handed particles never decay, only left-handed particles can decay.

    If you don’t understand the above statement see.
    https://www.nature.com/articles/524008b

    Particle physics: Only left-handed particles decay

    When a radioactive nucleus is converted by the SPP into a right handed particle, it cannot decay. But when the nucleus is converted by the SPP into a left handed particle, it decays so fast that the radioactive nucleus stabilizes immediately.

    The chirality of particles explains how LENR can instantly stabilize radioactive waste. LENR is all about the handedness (chirality) of particles.

  • Axil Axil

    What is Chirality anyway?

    Not many people know about this, but it is very important to science. One type of particle can pass on its chirality to other types of particles. This is why radiation is a chirality pump. A radioactive isotope will always produce left handed particles including photons. This ability to control particle chirality is important in organic chemistry and spintronics. By the way, Jo Papp was a very smart man. The reason why Papp ionized the noble gases in his fuel preparation process was because he wanted to change the chirality of the nuclei of the gases. When I reread his patent for fuel prep, it started to make sense when chiral particle polarization was understood.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chirality_(physics)

    https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a9/Right_left_helicity.svg/760px-Right_left_helicity.svg.png

  • Axil Axil

    One of the critical characteristics of the LENR reaction is provided by the feature that is deep into the quantum mechanical nature of the polariton, that is its nature to readily form a Bose Einstein condinsate at any temperature based on polariton density.

    Density of polaritons is what makes a aggregation of polaritons form a condensate, and a condensate of polaritons is what allows the energy that the polaritons produce to be formatted as heat. Without a lot of polaritons around, most of the energy that they produce is wasted as sub atomic particle creation…mostly muons. But when a lot of polaritons are generated, a Bose condensate will form, and heat will be produced by that condensate,

    Here is a video about Bose condensation of polaritons by the top guy in that subject that is not too hard to understand.

    https://youtu.be/Ff1GsWSahps?t=619

    In the video, the two counter rotating rings of polaritons in a high angular momentum state was shown. This is a non equilibrium condensate. That means that it is non thermal. Non thermal means that the temperature of the condensate can be just about any temperature.

    We have seen evidence of this type soliton in the LION reactor meltdown.

    When a LENR reactor is heated, this input of energy is pumping the polariton condensate. When the condensate forms, a large burst of Bremsstrahlung is generated and when the pumping stops, there is also Bremsstrahlung produced as the polariton codensate breaks up.

    The Polariton condensate can pump itself, this is where self sustain mode comes from. When self pumping occurs, the condensate can moves around in space as a free particle and leave tracks on surfaces as the condensate transmutes matter as it moves along its way.

    • causal observer

      Very useful. You are on it, man.

  • Axil Axil

    The Polariton Bose condensate can store energy. How does this condensate do this? The polariton condensate that does this power storage is called a pedal condensate.

    Coupled counter-rotating polariton condensates in optically defined annular potentials
    http://www.pnas.org/content/111/24/8770

    Stable Switching among High-Order Modes in Polariton Condensates
    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1602.03024

    http://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/111/24/8770/F1.large.jpg

    As power is pumped into the pedal condensate the number of petals increases, the frequency of the light that the pedals are comprised of increases from red to blue to XUV and then to X-ray. The diameter of the condensate also increases from nano-meters, to millimeters and then to centimeters. At high energy storage levels, the Pedal condensate becomes visible to the naked eye. The pedal condensate can move around.

    The pedal condensate is comprised of two counterattacking rings of polaritons. As the energy is pumped into this condensate, the energy is also stored as increasing annular momentum of the rotating rings.

    The electric dipole that the pedal condensate is entangled with also increases in size.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_dipole_moment

    https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/VFPt_dipole_animation_electric.gif
    The diameter of the dipole increases into the millimeters.

    The energy storage potential of a pedal condensate can get as high as a few GeV.

    In the LION reactor meltdown as well as many other LENR experiments, strange radiation is seen. These particle tracks are produced by the energy rich pedal condensate as it moves around and absorbs energy using self pumping along it path of travel.

  • Axil Axil

    Where does the Bose condensate get the immense power to produce the large scale transmutations seen in the LION meltdown.

    The Pedal condensate can easily synchronize its base level energy state through the exchange of photons between each condensate member.

    The dipole oscillations will tend to form a global condensate of individual condensates as each electric dipole syncs with all the other dipole vibrations.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5v5eBf2KwF8

    The global pedal condensate will now be able to store vast amounts of power. Each individual member of the global pedal condensate brings to the table giga electron volts of stored energy. The global condensate can now command N units of energy storage where N is the number of electric dipoles that are available to the global condensate.

    This global condensate can now shunt a huge amount of power to any single member of the aggravate condensate. This process is called superradiance.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superradiance

    “In quantum optics, superradiance is a phenomenon that occurs when a group of N emitters, such as excited atoms, interact with a common light field. If the wavelength of the light is much greater than the separation of the emitters, then the emitters interact with the light in a collective and coherent fashion.[2] This causes the group to emit light as a high intensity pulse (with rate ∝ N2). This is a surprising result, drastically different from the expected exponential decay (with rate ∝ N) of a group of independent atoms (see spontaneous emission). Superradiance has since been demonstrated in a wide variety of physical and chemical systems, such as quantum dot arrays [3] and J-aggregates.[4] The effect has recently been used to produce a superradiant laser.”

    In the case of the LENR aggregation, the superradiant emission is magnetic flux lines.

    The opposite mechanism also comes into play. When energy is absorbed by any individual member of the aggregation, all the members of the aggregation share equally in that energy. The energy is evenly distributed across the aggregation. This is called super-absorption. This mechanism is how gamma level radiation is down-shifted to heat.

  • Axil Axil

    From the an impossible invention interview with Fabiani discussing his research with Rossi

    https://animpossibleinvention.com/2015/11/25/rossis-engineer-i-have-seen-things-you-people-wouldnt-believe/

    “We have it all filmed, which still cannot be disclosed. We have photographs of creatures that emit pure light that have completely melted the reactor down, all in a very quiet way. You just turn off the stimuli system and the reaction is switched off. It’s impressive.”

    Also, there are reports that balls of light float around inside the QX reactor. These balls of light change color from red to yellow to blue based on the strength of the pumping stimulus.

  • theBuckWheat

    “In the picture, an intense source of light is polarized filtered …” I know this piece of lab equipment! Recognized it right away. Finally, a use for my old Kodak Carousel slide projector. Uses more electricity than my central air unit.

  • Buck

    Axil, ICYMI. Rossi provides some confirmation for your theory

    ==============================================

    Jeremy Cobane
    April 19, 2018 at 3:29 PM

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you think that the weak force can be involved in LENR phenomenons?
    ___________________________________________________

    Andrea Rossi
    April 19, 2018 at 4:01 PM

    Jeremy Cobane:

    No, because weak forces would emit much stronger radiations.

    Warm Regards,

    A.R.

    • Axil Axil

      The pedal condensate thermalizes gamma radiation through super- absorption.

      For more details, see this thread

      https://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/thread/5579-the-pedal-condensate/?postID=84135#post84135

      Those little balls of light that float around inside the QX reactor is a sure sign that a pedal condensate is at play.

      Also the color that the QX produces from red to yellow to blue based on input power level is also a sure sign of pedal condensation.

  • Stephen

    Hi Axil.

    I wonder if you could make a a dedicated thread on a similar line to this one on Bose Einstein Condensates?

    It would be good to collect those thoughts in some place.

    I recently saw this link by Ryan F Mandelbaum on Gizmodo

    https://gizmodo.com/ultra-cold-atoms-recreate-the-expanding-universe-in-tab-1825428077

    It’s interesting looking at expansion of Bose Einstein Ring Condensates in analogy to universe expansion including inflation.

    Ryan’s whole physics thread on BECs on Gizmodo looks really interesting I think:

    https://gizmodo.com/tag/bose-einstein-condensates

    After seeing this I couldn’t help thinking you and Ryan Mandelbaum are kindred spirits.

    Anyway this has me wondering about these ring Condensates and supprisingly a quick search throws up a lot of research on these over decades.

    Most are about Condensates in a ring trap where physics if particlular properties can be better studied. but ring condensates apparently form naturally as well and are a stable form of the codensates due to the physics of these particular structures.

    This one particularly is interesting I think:

    https://www.nature.com/articles/nphys1177

    Particularly intersting is the natural tendency to decay to ring vortexes. May be Bob has some thoughts on that.

    But there are many others papers about diverse and specific physics of these structures. Here are just a couple of them:

    https://drum.lib.umd.edu/handle/1903/11725

    http://photonics.phys.strath.ac.uk/atom-optics/bec-interferometer-ring-1/

    Many will point out that these particular structures are using BECs at temperatures near absolute zero. However if BECs are still relevant in somd kind of constrained physics space of for particular Boson constructs as I think Axel is suggesting then maybe it becomes relevant there. Axel please accept my apologies and correct me if I’m wrong there.

    Even if this not the case I wonder if classical low temp BECs can form in special locations in LENR.

    Even if not possible to form BECs at all in LENR these structures may have analogical behaviors in other constructs which the data here also simulates.

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