I had a request from a reader for a discussion thread on the topic of biological transmutations, which has come up here recently. The following is a section from the ECW LENR Knowedge Base on the topic:
Most chemical reactions keep atoms, but a very small number cause fusions and also fissions of atoms in living beings. Although very few in number, these biological transmutations reactions involve a large number of species, from bacteria to mammals, in several biological processes that control and are essential for these organisms.
Researchers began to observe atoms conservation anomalies from the time conservation of matter was understood before 1800. It is only from 1959 that some researchers have understood that transmutations could explain biologic abnormalities. Since 1975, confirmation and publication of scientific works by Louis Kervran can be considered to have proven the existence of this phenomenon, but in 2014, it still has no confirmed theoretical explanation.
This biological effect seems to combine:
- a chemical reaction
- a low-energy interaction of atomic nuclei
- and a catalysis (specific) which favors them in a biological process.
From 1799 to 1873 researchers asked themselves whether these transmutations exist. From 1959 to 1972 they have been proven by more than 6,000 elementary experiments. In 2003 Jean-Paul Biberian took stock of all the atoms involved in one bacterium. Since then some researchers have been wondering how to use these biological transmutations to reduce pollution by conventional radioactive waste.
A french site describe this history with many references. Some interesting points listed here are:
- The reactions observed in biology are based mostly on mergers and fissions with hydrogen, oxygen or carbon and involve at least: H, C, N, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S , K, Ca, Mn, Fe.
- Many of these reactions are reversible, that is to say made also in the other direction by other biological processes.
- Only certain isotopes are concerned and the products are all stable isotopes.
- When these biological atomic nuclear reactions, we failed to detect radiation typically produced by high energy reactions (alpha, beta, gamma, X-rays).
- They only use nuclear interactions called low energy.
- They are accompanied by a variation in mass in agreement with the average binding energy.
- These reactions are slow.
- They occur in biological processes.
- The residual thermal effect is very small and does not interfere with living beings.
- Louis Kervran has noted these reactions following this example Mg + O: = Ca ( p 111)
- They respect the principle of conservation of matter, they will integrate the correspondence mass-energy (E = mc2) of relativity and change the invariance principle becomes: In biological transmutations, the physico-chemical reactions retain the number of nucleons but alter the chemical element composition.
- They occur perhaps in geological processes, or in a neighboring phenomenon called “Cold Fusion” (Cold Fusion). In these cases the conditions are quite different pressures and temperatures and are not compatible with life.
Vysotskii et al. studied the potential of bacterial transmutations for clean up of nuclear waste. See here