The following report has been submitted by Alan Smith of Leap Forward Laboratory
LEAP FORWARD LAB, –SEPT. 2014- SEPT 2015 . – A YEAR OF PROGRESS – PART 1.
BANKS – AND THE HHO STORY.
Leap Forward Laboratory (LFL) was set up initially with a promise of support and funding via the services of a new and different kind of ‘fringe bank’. Sadly they had the not very different idea of running away with the majority of Leap’s initial deposit which is now holidaying in the Cayman Islands. Due to an NDA – signed as part of the legal row which resulted (LFL got some money back) – these rogues cannot be named, but readers should be cautious about believing promises from any finance outfit whose legal title spells ‘bank’ with only three letters.
Carrying on more or less regardless of these financial woes, LFL was invited to investigate claims that Hydrogen and Oxygen extracted in a perfect 2:1 ratio from electrolysed water could be persuaded to produce anomalous heat when recombined again. This work was supported by a donation from ‘E-Cat World.com’ readers, and in return we reported on our findings, though donations eventually comprised only about 25% of the total cost. The photograph below left shows the whole set-up. Mixed gas (referred to as HHO by many) is generated in the stainless-steel electrolyser on the right –shown with its 175A power supply – passes through an anti-flashback bubble tower and orange gas-drier. Then it recombines inside an inverted steel beaker full of air, which was in turn inside a water-filled calorimeter tank. The inner stainless steel combustion chamber is shown in the image on the extreme right.
THEORIES AND REALITIES.
The claim we were asked to investigate was that HHO recombined by blowing it onto the surface of a chunk of car exhaust catalyser – as can be seen in the central image above – produced more heat than simply burning an equivalent volume of gas as a naked flame. It was hypothesised that the cause of the excess heat claimed was LENR (low energy nuclear reactions) taking place on –and because of – precious metals used to coat the catalyser matrix.
Testing involved a pretty steep learning curve. HHO is wildly explosive even in small amounts. Pure Hydrogen is a pussy-cat in comparison, hardly any wilder then Propane, but mixed with pure Oxygen it is like Nitroglycerine. After several small explosions (only 12mm thick Lexan Polycarbonate was harmed) we arrived at a moderately safe setup which on occasions gave what seemed to be reliable and repeatable results. By using comparative calorimetry to avoid many complications and taking steps to equalise gas volumes, start, finish, and ambient temperatures etc. we eventually felt confident of our methods and findings.
The reality was we can find no significant difference between the heat produced by catalytic re-combination and by using a simple flame. Also there was no radiation detected from open-air catalytic recombination tests in terms of betas, gammas, or X-rays. At the time we had no Neutron detector, or any fool-proof Alpha detection method. Perhaps someone else using a different method – or a different catalyser sample – will demonstrate a real and solid anomaly, but LFL could not. We very much hope someone else will be successful – strange events are by their very nature more interesting than non-events – and look forward to hearing about it.
TO BE CONTINUED
Alan Smith, with grateful acknowledgment of the support of ECW members and LFL’s right-hand man, Martin. 20 sept 2015