The following post has been submitted by Axil Axil
All the various and sundry miracles of LENR are a direct fallout of the behavior of the Exotic Neutral Particle (ENP) that is the causative factor in LENR and the monopole magnetic field that it generates. This special type of magnetism has been a study and an obsession of science for over a century. Many main stream scientific theories are incomplete because these theories require that monopoles must exist. Therefore, much experimental effort has been expended in science to find these monopoles. The monopole is fundamental to the consistency of string theory. Joseph Polchinski, a string-theorist, described the existence of monopoles as “one of the safest bets that one can make about physics not yet seen.”
Theory requires the monopole to be the electric charge’s magnetic cousin, but unlike the positive or negative charges of the electric field, north or south poles of the magnetic field always occur together in what’s called a dipole. A lone north or south pole simply doesn’t show up in the real world. Even if you take a bar magnet and cut it in half down the middle, you won’t get a separate north and south pole, but two new but smaller dipole magnets instead.
Physicists love symmetry: for symmetry-minded theorists, however, it’s required that there should be a magnetic equivalent of charge. String theories and grand unified theories rely on existence of the monopole, and its absence undermines the mathematical feng-shui of the otherwise elegant Maxwell’s equations that govern the behavior of electricity and magnetism. What’s more, the existence of a magnetic monopole would explain another mystery of physics: why charge is quantized; that is, why it only seems to come in tidy packets of about 1.602×10–19 coulombs, the charge of an electron or proton.
From the derivation of the Dirac equations, a quantity known as the Dirac quantization condition must exist. The hypothetical existence of a magnetic monopole would imply that the electric charge must be quantized in certain units; also, the existence of the electric charges implies that the magnetic charges of the hypothetical magnetic monopoles, if they exist, must be quantized in units inversely proportional to the elementary electric charge.
For many decades, scientists have kept a sharp eye out for the required monopole, but perhaps they were looking in the wrong place and in the wrong ways. “They were literally hoping it would fall from sky,” Zhang says as a product of cosmic rays. The notion isn’t as far-fetched as it seems—our world is constantly bombarded by weird particles showering from far-off cosmic events, and magnetic monopoles could very well show up as part of that rain. Some enterprising physicists installed loops of superconducting material on their rooftops. If anything remotely like a magnetic monopole fell through, the loops, being sensitive to magnetic fluctuations, would register it.
But in these modern times and more than 30 years of searching, science has not been able to conclusively detect this particle. But once in a great while, their meters detect something that could be a monopole.
Accelerator experiments at CERN have been no more successful, leading scientists believe existing monopoles must be far too heavy to create in even the Large Hadron Collider. The monopole is projected to be extremely heavy, too massive for any accelerator to create.
Interestingly, Zhang’s magnetic monopole didn’t fall from the heavens; instead, it was leading a quiet life on the other side of a mirror, but a mirror made of a very special type of alloy. What’s more, says Zhang, the math to prove the effect is very clear. “You could give the last part of the mathematical derivation as a final exam in a junior or senior year undergraduate physics class.”
“Exotic particles such as the magnetic monopole, dyon, anyon, and the axion have played fundamental roles in our theoretical understanding of quantum physics,” Zhang writes in one of his papers. “Experimental observation of these exotic particles in table-top condensed matter systems could finally reveal their deep mysteries.” The generation of Quasiparticles in condensed matter physics could provide a new experimental outlet for high-energy physicists. “You don’t have to look towards the cosmos,” Zhang says. “I think we’ll see more of the beautiful mathematical structures of high-energy physics become realized in condensed matter physics.”
I believe that these monopole quasiparticles are being produced in in condensed matter systems. There is a major branch of LENR theoretical thought that embraces the monopole as causative in the LENR reaction. The behavior of matter under the influence of a monopole magnetic field opens up a strange new world of quantum interactions.
Like Qi, the LENR monopole rides the wind and scatters, but is retained when encountering water. The matter under the influence of a monopole field obeys different quantum rules than ordinary magnetic fields. This new type of undeveloped and extremely complex quantum science is called Nonassociative Quantum Mechanics. The miracles of LENR are derived from and are a result of the behavior of these types of new quantum interaction.
LENR experimentalists can provide theoretical common grounds with orthodox physics by showing that the active LENR agent is a monopole. This can be done by using the various devices invented over these past decades by orthodox science to detect primary particle unitary monopoles. These devices will describe the properties of these monopole quasiparticles produced by condensed matter physics such as their mass, kinetic energy and half-life.
How can this be done? Monopoles have been detected in experiments involving exploding titanium foil and the Proton 21 experiments. Other candidate monopole based LENR experiments are the poly-neutron and Erzion experiments and a monopole detector could show that these exploding foils produce monopoles. More generally, Keith Fredericks has detected monopole like tracks produced in photoemissions coming from every class of LENR experiment. The Holmlid experiments are a prime candidate for monopole production.
The Rossi type reactor is at the top of the list as a monopole source.
One apparatus for monopole detection is described in the following:
A Magnetic Monopole Detector with Sensitivity to Extremely Small Magnetic Charge
There is the superconductor loop method used by Blas Cabrera
This superconductor based experiment may not be that difficult to carry out. The accumulated magnetic charge of the LENR type monopole might be so massive as amplified by LENR nano-engineering that superconductivity might not be required to detect the passage of the monopole through the coil.
There is another tool that can be used to characterize magnetic behavior in LENR. Rossi as well as his replicators can explore the magnetic fields that are produced by the E-Cat by using the Faraday Effect
In a how to do it example as follows:
The use of Rydberg matter is a major subject in LRNR at this current juncture.
But the magic in Rydberg matter is not in the molecules themselves but how the molecules reformate EMF input to produce magnetic monopoles. The graphite like staking of long stings of hexagon shaped plates produces EMF monopole magnetic projections. Water crystals have the same string like structure of stacked graphite like plates and produce the same LENR results even though these water molecules feature both oxygen and hydrogen. These water crystals are the active agents in the production of analog monopoles in cavitation.
Making Monopoles in the Lab
This is a good find. The method to produce an analog magnetic monopole is to get all the spins of the members of the condensate to point in the same direction and overlap. The Surface Plasmon Polariton is such a quantum spin liquid that forms a spin condensate where all the spins of the polaritons overlap. This SPP produces a monopole magnetic field in simulation of a fundamental unitary monopole.
Dualism in physics says that two apparently dissimilar things actually behave in the same way. For example, there is a dualism between the nuclear processes inside a star and the processes inside a deuterium pellet imploding under the compressive force of a burst from a huge laser. Even if the star is huge and the pellet is small, this difference in size does not impact the behavior of the two apparently disparate systems. If such a dualism shared between these two cases exists, the laws that govern the essential behavior of the star and the pellet star also apply to the processes of interest going on inside the crushed and compressed deuterium pellet.
The dualism between a analogue magnetic monopole and the fundamental unitary monopole says that the two systems behave in the same way and obey the same mathematical formulations.
This property of dualism requires that the predictions that come out of string theory will also apply to the analog monopoles produce in LENR.