New Paper: “Binuclear Atoms: a model to explain Low Energy Nuclear Reactions” (Paolo Accomazzi)

A new paper has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics: “Binuclear Atoms: a model to explain Low Energy NuclearReactions” by Paolo Accomazzi. The full text can be found here:

Here are some excerpts:

The Abstract

In this paper we show that Helium-like Hydrogen spectra obtained by Randell L. Mills and Ultra Dense Hydrogen obtained by Holmlid [2] are interpretable as experimental evidences of Binuclear Atoms. The Hydrogen Binuclear Atom, a model proposed 25 years ago, is a metastable configuration in which the two nuclei are held together at a very short distance in an atom-like configuration.This should be a peculiar con guration of the Hydrogen molecule where nuclei are characterized by a high kinetic energy, and nuclear motion is coupled with electronic motion. This is a completely different model from the usual Born-Oppenheimer picture of atoms and molecules we are used to, where nuclei oscillate about their equilibrium positions and electronic motion is decoupled from the nuclear one.The identification of Helium-like Hydrogen Spectra and Ultra Dense Hydrogen as Binuclear Atoms has a strong impact on one of the main objections to Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR): the overcoming of the Coulomb barrier thus identifying a sound mechanism for the occurrence of LENR.

Far for being conclusive, this work has the only aim to take this hypothesis more seriously, and focus the attention of people interested in LENR mechanism on this subject.

Closing Remarks

We have tried to show that the Binuclear Atom model is able to explain different peculiarexperimental results. The existence of helium-like Hydrogen spectra, which occurr only inHelium-Hydrogen mixed plasma, points to a formation of a metastable form of Hydrogencharacterized by a high protonic kinetic energy and helium-like electronic spectrum. On the other hand, the evidence of Ultra Dense Hydrogen may be interpreted as the formation,through the assistance of a metallic surface, of another metastable Hydrogen characterized by a very short proton-proton distance and a very high kinetic energy.

Last but not least, we can consider the consequences of Ultra Dense Hydrogen in RossiEcat. If Nickel lattice surface is able to form Binuclear Atoms, we may recalculate throughthe Gamow formula the probability that hydrogen gets in contact with Nickel nucleus.Using an energy value for protons of≈1000 eV instead of≈0,13 eV [2, 3], the calculatedprobability value becomesP≈10−12. This is a rather different value than the Rossi andFocardi one, and could account for the occurrence of nuclear reactions.

The Binuclear Atom Model is the missing link between Physics and Chemistry.