The following post has been submitted by ECW reader “Contributor”.
The Lattice Energy Converter Verses Pure Plasma Systems
Inducing high powered output from classical cold fusion (LENR) systems is perfectly doable; however, the process is tricky and requires a lot of effort. The Lattice Energy Converter is an example of a classical device that utilizes co-deposition to produce ionizing particle and photonic radiation to produce a tiny amount of output power. Basically, it is mimicking aspects of countless other systems in that when hydrogen or deuterium is loaded in adequate quantities into one of many metals and then triggered or activated (usually by changing pressure or another parameter such as temperature to induce migration of the absorbents) one or more types of emissions are produced. Strange radiation, fasts protons, low level x-ray or gamma, and neutron radiation have been observed in various systems. To produce more than fascinating anomalies in these classical systems, you have to put in extra special effort.
Piantelli and Focardi, and then later Andrea Rossi are individuals who became very skilled in the various techniques that can be used to boost output. The addition of additional elements (such as palladium) in the form of fine particles or thin coatings was used from the start. The use of spillover catalysts and co-deposition techniques are only the start. In addition to degassing, annealing, hydrogen cycling, and careful choice of surface morphology, extra sources of atomic hydrogen can be used to maximize loading. There are many such sources. Hot tungsten filaments, decomposing metal hydride (such as LiAlH4), certain chemical sources (such as inducing nascent hydrogen production from the reaction of water and treated aluminum), and others can be used. Interestingly, spark gaps and the application of RF or microwave power can not only pre-dissociate molecular hydrogen, but increase their kinetic energy so they have greater penetrating power into the lattice. So excluding every other optimization, figuring out an optimal hydrogen loading strategy can be a challenge in and of itself.
Yet there are more optimizations to consider depending upon the design of your system.
1) EVOs, Exotic Vacuum Objects, what are the main “active agents” or prime mover of LENR (not to mention other technologies such as those that manipulate mass, inertia, and gravity for propulsion) act as high Q factor resonant chambers and can absorb, trap, and feed off electromagnetic energy. This reality cannot be ignored if one wishes to push a system to a level beyond a mere oddity. Andrea Rossi’s use of radio frequency generators in some systems and intentionally “dirty” higher voltage AC power loaded with harmonics likely insured the EVOs in or on the lattice were well fed.
2) EVOs in the form of strange radiation seem to mimic neutrons and interact strongly with elements possessing a high thermal neutron cross section. In some pure plasma based experiments performed by Russians, without sacrificial high thermal neutron cross section materials such as boron or gadolinium, little or no excess is detected. It is possible that by incorporating such materials the emissions (SR) can be retained in the reactor to produce power rather than escaping.
3) According to Alexander Parkhomov’s theory combined with experimental results, high temperatures in adequately dense matter can lead to collisions that can create low energy neutrinos. EVOs, which are in all cold fusion systems, also are natural neutrino generators. When they interact with certain elements, additional esoteric reactions can be the result. Parkhomov has observed copious transmutations OUTSIDE his reactor core. This means that harnessing and blocking these neutrinos are another element of fully optimizing a system.
4) Electrode or surface geometry combined with other properties (such as electron affinity and work function) are important to optimize the non-linear conditions that can drive EVO formation and possibly even discharge across a gap. Utilizing surfaces with a NEA (Negative Electron Affinity) like hydrogen or nitrogen doped diamond could promote such formation.
As you can see, optimization of classical electrolytic or gas loading systems is a true challenge. This is especially true for a small team of part timers who are not obsessive workaholics with spouses, families, and lives to live. I would say that developing a high powered classical system (such as the LEC) is doable with a great deal of research, experimentaion, and continual refinement. But I don’t know if it is realistic short of an angel investor dropping a major grant – enough to hire several full time researchers to allow around the clock testing for months. Yet I believe there is an obvious shortcut to a high powered technology utilizing the same fundamental phenomena: pure plasma devices that utilize the negative resistance regime of an electric discharge to produce macro-scale self organizing EVOs with coherent matter membranes.
Even though they all have used very different terminology, have promoted their own theories, and are in some cases separated by decades, an exhaustive list of exotic technologies have utilized this phenomena. Today, it is the mechanism by which Andrea Rossi’s (Leonardo Corp.), Monty Childs’s (The SAFIRE Project), Ryan S. Wood’s (Electric Fusion Systems), and Brilliant Light Powers technology functions: all of which produce steady or transient self organizing plasmas in optimized gaseous environments. Previously, the same phenomena was used by Paulo Correa (the PAGD), Alexander Chernetsky (Self Generating Discharge Tube), Edwin V. Grays systems, and even the spark gap of Nicola Tesla’s disruptor.
The fast track to the future world of unlimited clean energy is the self organized EVO in a pure plasma system. They are relatively simple and have far fewer variables than classical systems. The need to strive to optimize hydrogen absorption is reduced or eliminated and many complex issues such as working out the best surface morphology are gone. Instead, you have isolated the active agent of LENR – the spirit of the “hot spot” – made it grow larger, and allowed it to do what it wants to do.
I think all LENR research is fascinating. Moreover, I’m very curious about the LEC and believe that it deserves study. But in a field of very limited funds, fewer qualified experimentalists with the free time to dedicate to their research, and usually little money to hire help, we need to take the quickest path to our ultimate destination. Andrea Rossi worked for 10 years or longer until he realized this was macro-scale self organized plasmas. We don’t have the time to follow the same path and ten years from now realize classical systems are too complex to optimize without massive investment. We need to see what is staring us in the face now (an example is the SAFIRE Plasma Reactor) and skip ahead instead of wasting more years of our life.