The following post has been submitted by Bob Hicksdale Lakes.
George Egely’s Condensed Plasmoid (EVO) Catalyzed Fusion Device:
The Highlight of ICCF-24
by Bob Hicksdale Lakes
The field of cold fusion or LENR is far broader than most people realize. It goes far beyond the standard electrolytic or gas loading systems. No one knows this better than George Egely who has decades worth of hands-on experience with virtually every category of anomalous energy device. This year at ICCF-24 he provided a short version (although info packed) of a longer presentation that shared his latest and perhaps most significant breakthrough so far: a plasma based “catalytic fusion” device utilizing “condensed plasmoids” which he describes as the quantum mechanical catalysts of his system — allowing for nuclear fusion reactions.
For those who may not be aware, “condensed plasmoid” is one of many terms researchers have used to describe self-organized structures of electrons and positive ions that have many unique properties. They can be created in many far “out of equilibrium” or “non-linear” conditions, including a spark discharge from a sharp tip where the electric field is amplified. Most importantly, they seem to exist as coherent structures, meaning their individual constituents behave more like a singular macro-particle. This is thought to give them properties more similar to an exotic state of matter like a superconducting Bose Einstein Condensate. Without going into an extended history of these structures, which Egely explains have been discovered and forgotten (going all the way back to Nikola Tesla’s work) at least a dozen times, a few important facts should be noted before this essay continues.
– Kenneth Radford Shoulders conducted extensive experiments over a period of several years investigating these structures, which he called EVOs (Exotic Vacuum Objects).
– Although they can be created in an abrupt spark discharge, different varieties of them – of various sizes, geometric complexities, and elemental compositions – can be produced in various environments and scientific apparatuses. A short list would include liquid sono-cavitation devices (when the bubbles collapse); cases of fracto-emission (when a brittle structure fractures inducing charge separation); coherent resonant phonon oscillations in metal (Ni, Pd, Cu, etc) vacancies, cracks, or defects; plasma discharges in low pressure gases (creating coherent structures around electrodes or free floating between them); RF or microwave emission into quartz resonance cavities (providing the benefit of utilizing higher pressures); and in nature as the phenomenon referred to as ball lightning.
– They are meta-stable structures that exist due to the constant intake of energy and matter from their environment. At both the small scale and large scale they feed off not only electromagnetic radiation and thermal energy, but also electrons. This is one of their primary inputs and a means of controlling their development. Micron scale and several centimeter scale structures can be induced into an “excited state” (or “white state” as Ken Shoulders described it). in which they emit more energy than is provided by the input source and are highly interactive with matter — inducing nuclear reactions, transmutations, isotopic shifts, and even more exotic effects that are beyond the scope of this essay.
George Egely’s system has many similarities with those of others he has investigated in the past, including Nikola Tesla, Thomas Henry Moray, Paulo and Alexandria Correa, and Alexander Chernetsky. In addition, he has utilized knowledge from a plethora of older scientific papers and patents in which similar anomalies, including transmutations, were observed. In simplest terms, his device consists of tubular stainless steel (unspecified alloy) electrodes that are fed high voltage electricity that induces electrical discharges in the small (millimeters) gap between them. In several short videos during his ICCF24 presentation, he shows a multitude of tiny blue and purple discharges (the color changes between video segments) in a mixed hydrogen and deuterium atmosphere of unspecified pressure. Instead of precisely tuning and controlling each discharge, dozens can be seen during each frame of his videos. These discharges containing EVOs seem to emerge from the roughened end of a tubular cathode, sometimes create stationary ball shaped plasma formations, and other times leap off (creating plasma channels) to strike the anode. He describes each of these discharges as being catalytic fusion events, triggered by a condensed plasmoid (EVO). Energy released from each fusion event is collected by the anode and goes to the output portion of his device to be measured and/or power various loads.
In the ICCF24 presentation, the entire circuit diagram is visible on the white board behind him, and there are close up examinations of two different versions of his device: a handheld unit powering a neon bulb rated at four watts, and a desktop experimental test rig. He describes the circuit diagram as having three main parts: the input where the three AA batteries feed a relaxation oscillator that charges a capacitor (it’s a bit more complicated than this with a high voltage transformer, inductive choke, and other components), the hydrogen-deuterium reactor itself in the middle, and the output which can be fed into resistors, a second plasma tube, or other loads. One method by which they measure the output is to allow the directly generated electricity to flow through a small resistor which rests in an oil filled glass calorimeter whose temperature can be monitored. Since they have calibrated the calorimeter with a direct current power supply, they claim their output measurements are precise.
Without providing their exact calculations, Egely states that the output can be 200% plus or minus 50% of the input when the load is an ohmic resistance. However, he claims this figure can go up to 500% when the load has a matched impedance and even 1000% percent when the load consists of both a matched impedance and a neon tube. How exactly he calculates these outputs is unclear, and he doesn’t provide absolute values from experiments. It’s refreshing, however, that he does show the input and output waveforms on an oscilloscope screen while explaining the different lines and the values involved. Seemingly absolutely confident that his system is producing significant net excess energy, he provides a few conjectures about power to weight ratios and projected system costs. They are world-changing if accurate, even allowing for the possibility of the technology powering electric aircraft.
He drops in various other details throughout the presentation. At least twice he mentions how scaled up systems would be capable of producing high levels of direct electricity without significant heat production. Each individual discharge is also stated to be in the mega-watt range over an extremely brief time period of nanoseconds. He also explains how one unwanted side effect that has been observed (he showed pictures) is the production of the transmutation product carbon on the surface of the stainless-steel cathode when the current is allowed to go beyond a certain threshold value. These discharges also originate from certain locations on the cathode while discharges never take place at other sites. He describes the Leopard Spot like surface patterns on the cathode as well as showing the carbon deposits. Perhaps one of his most interesting revelations is that helium is produced in his system along with possibly neon.
After watching his presentation twice, it’s clear that it’s short on experimental test data and hard evidence of his claims. Nowhere near enough evidence is given to prove any of them. Yet two truths should make everyone pay attention and seek more information about his new system. First, George Egely is a well-respected researcher who has been many places, built/tested a wide variety of systems, collaborated with many parties over the years, and has an absolutely brilliant mind. Anyone who doubts this should read his articles published in Infinite Energy Magazine! He wouldn’t be making claims like those in his presentation unless he was certain his system worked. Secondly, his apparatus and the results he has obtained matches well with what we know about the long history of systems that generated self-organized structures in out of equilibrium conditions. He hasn’t come up with this device completely on his own: he is standing on the shoulders of giants. The anomalies he’s producing have been seen many times before. They haven’t appeared out of nowhere. Instead, they’ve been seen in the past and are currently being witnessed in modern systems: both on the smallest of scales and in larger ball lightning generators.
Despite how important — if validated — his device could be even in its current state of development, I suspect it’s far from optimized. Here are a few of my lines of thinking on this issue:
1) Plain hydrogen or even a mixture of hydrogen and deuterium is not optimal for the formation of condensed plasmoids (Exotic Vacuum Objects). It’s well known that both in Kenneth Shoulder’s experiments and modern systems that produce larger scale self-organized plasmas that the addition of other gases — especially “noble” and heavy ones such as argon, krypton, xenon, etc — to the gaseous environment is extremely beneficial. Because of the color of his plasma, I suspect he may already be testing various gas combinations: perhaps with certain percentages of N2 (nitrogen which SAFIRE utilizes) in addition to noble gases.
2) Certain additive gases other than the ones mentioned above can either extract or sequester electrons from the plasma (hindering EVO development) or make them more available (enhancing development).[Bob Greenyer of the Martin Fleischman Memorial Project has discussed this and many other related issues on his YouTube channel. He deserves a great deal of credit for helping enlighten the LENR community to the EVO phenomenon over the past several years.]
3) Pre-ionizing the gaseous environment (which has been done by many inventors and experimenters in the past) can dramatically aid EVO formation. This can be accomplished with the application of radio or microwaves to the environment, ultra-violent light, the addition of ionizing materials, or other methods.
4) Instead of haphazardly producing dozens of simultaneous plasma discharges that cannot each be fine tuned and optimized, he could generate a single, much larger EVO at a time, it’s growth and development more precisely controlled. Perhaps, for example, he could generate the self-organized plasma in a hollow cathode combined with a method of pre-ionization, allow it to grow, and then slam it against the anode.
5) Instead of producing transient EVOs that only exist for micro-seconds or less, he could produce a setup with a free floating, continually existing self organized plasma. This way less damage (unwanted transmutations that contaminate emitter sites) would be induced while energy would still be generated in a multitude of forms.
6) Many cold fusion-based systems emit what has been called, “strange radiation”, which is thought to be self organized coherent plasma structures in a vary unexcited or “dark” state which is only minimally interactive with matter. However, these structures, with a more neutral charge, seem to induce reactions with certain elements having a large “thermal neutron cross section.” Three examples are lithium, boron, and gadolinium, among several others. Including element(s) with such cross sections in the stainless-steel alloy that composes the electrodes could potentially increase the output.
7) Although heat production is not the goal of his device, higher temperatures can aid ionization and help drive the formation of self-organized structures. The SAFIRE Project, for example, in one of their older videos, have shown data indicating that in addition to pressure and electrical current, temperature is a significant factor involved in their system.
George Egely’s latest system is yet another marvelous example of how plasma based cold fusion reactors have a myraid of benefits, one being the direct production of significant electrical output. With a rare combination of vast experience and knowledge in multiple subject areas, he has moved past classical electrolytic or gas loading LENR systems to build a plasma based fusion device. In the process, he is showing the world a path forward that bypasses the endless material science-based challenges of classical systems. But, most importantly, he is showing off the potential of nature’s most elegant self-organized machine, the Condensed Plasmoid or Exotic Vacuum Object.
Beyond the initiation of novel nuclear reactions, they hold the key to a future beyond our imagination, where every aspect of our reality is engineerable.[For reference, George Egely’s presentation is posted below]