Sergio Focardi Dies

This news was just posted by Andrea Rossi on the Journal of Nuclear Physics:


We all have lost one of the greatest scientists in the field of the LENR.

For me he has been a tremendous ally, he helped our work enormously and the safety certifications that we are obtaining are the fruit of his consulting during the last 7 years. For me he has been also a teacher for Physics and Mathematics, anytime I needed his help in these matters to better understand the theory behind the effect of the E-Cat.

He has always worked with us with total, absolute and disinterested attitude, thinking only the the interest of the Science behind the LENR.

All the newspapers of the scientific world will say what he has been in the Scientific and University world and his enormous legacy: he has been Professor of Physics, Mathematic, he has been the Dean of the Scientific Faculties of the Alma Mater University of Bologna and the founder of the Cesena branch of the University of Bologna. His pubilcations in the fields of Mathematics and Physics are monumental.

Now, after a long period of illness, that obviously all his friends have taken secret to respect his privacy, he ceased to suffer and starts a new duty for God under another form of life. I am sure he will continue to look after my work from where he is now.

See you soon, my great Friend and Master Sergio! I will never forget our work together and that day in the Brasimone Nuclear facility.

Yours Andrea Rossi

  • clovis

    I was sad to hear the terrible news, of the passing of Sergio Focardi,
    and he will go down in history as one of the worlds greatest scientist of our time
    And I sure it will be a great loss for Dr. Rossi, may his and our freind rest in peace .

    • David

      A great loss for all of us. Rest in peace, Sergio.

  • Alexvs


  • Timar

    Do you remember when Rossi, asked why he got involved with the recent third-party test, despite his proclamation that he wouldn’t engage in any further public tests, wrote that sometimes he “does things against his will”?

    The sad message of Forcardis death sheds light upon his motives. Rossi didn’t want to do the test out of his own reasons, he did it as a last favor to his great friend and partner who probably was already terminally ill at that time.

    It’s an odd kind of irony that such a tragic message actually serves to reinforce the trust in the authenticity of Rossis motives and the third-party test.

    • clovis


    • Leo Kaas

      + 1

    • walker


    • Roger Bird


      • Steve M


        • Ecat


    • Thinks4Self

      +1 – May Forcadi’s contributions never be forgoten

    • artefact


    • Shane D.

      Could also be another reason the report was made public so quickly.

      I’m sure Focardi went in peace knowing his efforts were validated.

      • Roger Bird

        Most of the time when people go to the afterlife they don’t give a fig about this world any more other than their close loved ones who may miss them or need them. But in this case, I think that Focardi can be very grateful and joyous that he was instrumental in helping to cause the greatest step forward in the quality of life on Earth since the control of fire.

  • Al

    He along with Rossi were the first people we were exposed to in relation to the LENR saga when the story of the E-cat appeared in 2011. He seemed a very soft-spoken and gentle man. RIP.

    I hope Rossi can continue without his help.

  • Peter

    My deepest sympathy goes to family and friends. I pray he is remembered as a great man who loved family and friends and God. May we all remember the great contribution Professor Focardi made to the world of LENR and the ECat.

  • AB

    Rossi mentioned in the past that he did e-cat demos as favor for Focardi, who was afraid he might not live long enough to see the technology come to fruition. At least that’s roughly how I remember it.

  • Bernie Koppenhofer

    Sergio Focardi will be missed, a great scientist. His reputation sent me in the direction of LENR, I am grateful.

  • David Farnsworth

    I was very sad to hear about sergio’s passing this morning I am very sad because the world has lost a great man let us all keep our thoughts on him and our prayers. I never knew this man personally but I had an overwhelming amount of respect for him. I give my condolences to his family and respect and may God look over them as well. With great respect David

  • hopeful

    Rossi deprived Focardi of seeing FULL success before he (Focardi) left this mortal world. What a pity that the unrealistic and distrustful stubborn-ness of one man causes such pain and insult to another human being.

    On the one hand we are sad at Focardi’s departure – on the other hand angry at Rossi for his distrustful nature.

    • GreenWin

      Pure tro11 BS. These men loved and respected each other. Dr. Focardi came to see a life long dream come to fruition. The independent report of May 16th guaranteed that. Sergio’s partner, Dr. Rossi made that happen.

    • fortyniner

      This sort of false concern is really quite unpleasant to see. This poster appears to be using the sad death of Prof. Focardi as a platform to attack Rossi. From everything we know, Rossi was in fact a good and loyal friend during Focardi’s final months.

      This is the nastiest type of tro11ing and hits a new low, even for such individuals.

    • Roger Bird

      hopeful, your perspective is hopelessly burdened by the attitude of not looking for the good in others and assuming the worse in others and not withholding judgment when you don’t know all of the facts, which you couldn’t possibly know between Focardi and Rossi. When you change these attitude burdens, then your hope won’t have to work so hard and good things will happen to you.

      • GreenWin

        Roger, the word is to recognize and confront if necessary, those who leach off the good will of others. This tro11 doesn’t know either man personally. To allow a parasite to defile the temple is to give it over to them. Not all moneychangers are bad, not all are good.

  • Barry

    For those of us following the unfolding of CF so intensely, we have insights to heroes and demons. Sergio Focardi will go down in history on the list of heroes. Thank you Professor Focardi for all your good work, may the Light be with you.


    Announcing a new article available on the LENR For the Win web site:

    “Comparing Energy Sources”

    This article includes a detailed Ragone Chart (specific energy vs. specific power) that:
    * is available for use by anyone, anywhere for any purpose
    * includes LENR device test results and projected values based on 6 month fuel charges (for the E-Cat HT, E-Cat HT2 and Hyperion)
    * includes fission, fusion, chemical, electrochemical and renewable energy sources

    The article also provides a characterization of the LENR energy source based on all available information and analyzes the consistency of LENR device test results to date. Many calculations are included so that they can be double-checked and so that the values plotted on the chart are transparent. I think many in the LENR community will find the analysis very interesting… I know I did.

    The Ragone Chart from “Comparing Energy Sources” has also been added to the earlier LENR For the Win article:

    “Are Low Energy Nuclear Devices Real?”

    Feedback is welcome and encouraged.

    • Ecco the Dolphin

      I’ve always wanted to create something like that, thanks for the effort.

    • Iggy Dalrymple

      How were you able to plot the Hyperion with no public testing or demo?

      • LENR.FTW

        Their spec sheet (which is linked in the article) has enough information to calculate specific energy and power. They indicate a nominal 5 kW power output and a maximum 200 W input… and they supply values for the volume of the interior reaction chamber and the bulk density of the nickel powder (and thus the mass of the charge if it entirely fills the interior reaction chamber). Finally they specifically assert charge replacement every 6 months.

        All of the numbers and calculations can be found in the article. I can point you to specific pages in the Hyperion spec for where I got the numbers if you can’t find them.

        • Roger Bird

          LENR.FTW, I wish that you would use your real name. You have done excellent work here. I nominate you to be the recipient of the first Focardi Award, you have done such good work.

          • LENR.FTW

            Thanks, Roger.

            I prefer that the work stand on its own and not be intertwined with identity.

          • Roger Bird

            But where do I send the $10,000 I wanted to send you?

            Just kidding.

    • Bob Greenyer

      Nice piece of work

    • zvidenyosef

      It is a very well written description of the LENR field to date. The point and counter points were unnecessary, for me at least, since I was persuaded of the reality of this exciting energy source by Pons and Fleischmann. I was suspicious of the inability of the MIT researchers to duplicate the experiment. As it turns out they were falsifying their results to cover up the anomalous heat, which they did not want anyone to see. Their unethical conduct has deprived the world of this new technology for over 25 years.

      Ironically MIT now offer a course entitled “Cold Fusion 101”, in which they construct a working LENR device.

      You might have mentioned Mike McKubre who works at SRI, and also the recent grant by Sidney Kimmel of $5.5million to study LENR.

      Thanks for an interesting and well balanced article.

      • GreenWin

        This article written by Gene Mallove is reprinted in Veterans Today by Editor Jim Fetzer. It is excellent that Jim brings this sordid tale to the attention of the Veteran community. Stupid, self-interested actions by the likes of MIT during the Pons and Fleischmann era have directly caused the death and wounding of thousands of American servicemen and women.

        Had this despicable behavior not been tolerated, we might well have had a working LENR reactor by 1995. As it is the MIT hot fusion program has been terminated and their Alcator Mod C “experiment” will go to the hot fusion trash heap.

        The two other hot fusion projects in the USA have had budget cuts and even the international ITER project may lose its US funding as a congressional committee wants to know why it is 300% over budget and they just broke ground. Plus ITER predicts they may reach a COP of 1 by year 2045! Billions W A S T E D.

      • Warthog

        Nothing ironic or contradictory there. The folks who faked their data are NOT the ones offering the LENR course, and in fact are their bitter enemies. Prof. Hagelstein is behind the course offering, and he is out of the electrical engineering department. The fraudstsers were out of the physics department. “Party B” (fraudsters) have done their best to get “Party A” (Hagelstein) fired, without funding, and/or denied tenure. SOP for these folks.

    • Anonymole

      Nice treatment of time in your chart, it helps quite a bit with understanding the utility of an energy source.

      What’s curious I find are the two empty white fields, one beneath solar and one above and to the left of TNT. It would seem that if batteries were to become more advanced in their power storage ability that they might move up into that first open area. The second open expanse looks like the boundaries of physics. If this is not so what might you think could shift into that area, if anything?

      Regardless of whether LENR is commercially viable or not its location in your Rangone chart certainly looks to be the sweet spot.

      • LENR.FTW

        The void to the left of TNT is more of an artifact of how I constructed the chart. There are actually a lot of chemical energy sources that can be burned very quickly and could occupy that space. I just put TNT on there as one example of chemical energy release that can occur in a split second.

        At one point I also had antimatter annihilation and nuclear bomb on the chart. There was quite a lot of white space on THAT chart!

        A more exhaustive effort would be needed to fill in the entire ranges for each source. As I tried to explain in the article I chose representative points for each source, mainly to indicate the highest specific energy available.

  • Alan DeAngelis

    “From a long view of the history of mankind — seen from, say, ten thousand years from now, there can be little doubt that the most significant event of the 19th century will be judged as Maxwell’s discovery of the laws of electrodynamics. The American Civil War will pale into provincial insignificance in comparison with this important scientific event of the same decade.”
    Richard Feynman

    There can be little doubt that Sergio Focardi will be one of the few people who will be remembered ten thousand years from now.

  • Piero

    Such a gentle and lovely man. I’m sincerely saddened by the news

  • Roger Bird

    I cry.

  • AB

    A former insider at the World Bank, ex-Senior Counsel Karen Hudes, says the global financial system is dominated by a small group of corrupt, power-hungry figures centered around the privately owned U.S. Federal Reserve. The network has seized control of the media to cover up its crimes, too, she explained.

    • GreenWin

      Encouraging to see these courageous people coming forward to oppose the criminals running our governments and banks.

      • sempervivum

        And internet privacy, thank god their are some people still prepared to put ethics before self interest

  • Redford

    Such a sad news.

    • John De Herrera

      “Such a sad news.”
      We mourn the passing of Sergio Focardi and we will miss him. However, I fully trust that he will enjoy his reward in the Spirit World – where those who are honest and work hard will continue. Let us be thankful for all the help he gave to Andrea Rossi and the development of the Energy Catalizer. The world will soon benefit from this miracle device. THANK YOU SERGIO FOCARDI, MAY YOU REST IN PEACE FOREVER! jdh

  • Frank

    Ich bin traurig über den Tod eines so großen Wissenschaftlers der die Welt in kürzester Zeit verändern wird.
    Schade das er nicht den Ruhm der ihm zusteht nicht mehr mit Prof. Andrea Rossi und der Welt teilen kann.
    Er hat die Grundlage für eine hoffentlich bessere Welt geschaffen.
    Dank für die große Tat.
    Im Gedenken
    Frank M.

  • Blanco69

    When the LENR tree is fully grown from the Pons & Fleischmann seed and bears ecat fruit, Sergio Focardi will be shown to be the root. Rest in peace sir.

  • Hampus

    RIP creator of nickel and hydrogen LENR.

  • captain

    Riposa in pace, Sergio: anello di collegamento Piantelli-Rossi!
    RIP, Sergio: Piantelli-Rossi connecting ring.

  • GreenWin

    Godspeed Sergio. Avete l’amore del mondo.

  • Curbina

    I’m sad but at the same time grateful to know that Mr. Focardi passed away and now is resting after a long and fruitfull life devoted to highest quality of scientific production. Blessed be him.

  • freethinker

    In memory of Sergio Focardi,
    Its a nice TED presentation, caption in english available.

    • Barry

      Glad he got to do a Ted talk. He’s the only one so far to do a talk about Cold Fusion.


    I was so saddened to hear of the death of Prof Focardi.
    It is a great loss to the world of science,what a pity he was not able to see his work gain the respect it deserves in world history, and the enormous changes about to take place.
    I am sure Dr, Rossi although deeply saddened will be even more spurred on to deliver his fantastic technology to the world,and help improve the lives of everyone and begin to make poverty and suffering things of the past.
    Good luck in the coming months Dr. Rossi, I hope you succeed as you deserve.
    RIP Prof Focardi, condolences to your Family.

  • remigiusz buniak

    Milions ton platinum is on planetoides
    E cat is built inside platinum
    Platinum is in asteroides millions ton
    What problem

  • remigiusz buniak

    Just produce a material capable of landing on the ground, inflate and fill it with platinum, and the glider will land somewhere in the desert – 200 yards filling glider

    • Roger Bird

      remigiusz buniak, since you are the first person in this post to mention platinum, you are going to have to explain yourself if I am to understand you. No LENR that I know of uses platinum.

    • fortyniner

      Word salad.

      • Roger Bird

        I checked out his name on the Internet. I am pretty sure that he is schizophrenic. We cannot help him.

        • Robyn Wyrick

          Dude, that’s just harsh. If you disagree with a comment, just reply, but you don’t have to tear town the person with such a cruel attack.

          • Roger Bird

            Robin, it wasn’t an attack. It was a heads up for everyone else. I did my homework. And I was confident that he would never bother to read responses. How else was I supposed to alert everyone else? I don’t have people’s phone numbers.

          • Jim

            @Roger Byrd

            It might be worth considering the range of possible consequences from commenting on people’s posting language and styles, versus their content, particularly if it were done at relatively in high volume compared to others in the community. We may all be pretty confused in the grand scheme of things, and nuggets of value may be found anywhere, even in the wreckage of a supposedly crackpot garbage processing scheme.

          • Roger Bird

            I did not say nor intend anything hurtful or malicious. I did google his handle and it was incredibly easy to see that he needed help that we are unable to give him.

          • Jim

            Looks like a poet/artist to me. We all came here as strangers, speaking in different tongues.

            “Sentient beings are numberless, I vow to…”

          • Roger Bird


            a deeply disturbed artist with a fractured mind.

            Researchers have discovered that creative types are much more likely to have relatives who are schizophrenic than other people and vice versa. This means that the “crazy” genes are selected for so that clans can have creative people within their midsts, but if a person should inherit too many of these genes, then they go bonkers. This is very similar to sickle-cell anemia. One sickle-cell gene and one is (sort of) immune to malaria. Two sickle-cells genes, from each parent, and one has a very miserable and short life.

            For this reason, I suspect that my so-called color blindness is really khaki advantaged. I can see tans better than my color sighted children. It does not make sense that a characteristic that is a liability would continue to exist unless it is tied to a characteristic that is beneficial. Why didn’t all of the color blind people die out and not reproduce? Because they actually had an advantage in the savanna where there is very little color other than different shades of tan.

    • remigiusz buniak

      Tłumaczenie Prom x – 37 as a tractor to enter the atmosphere of platinum load attached, for

    • remigiusz buniak
  • R101

    It’s very saddening news about Sergio Focardi’s death. I didn’t know he was unwell. Thanks Sergio for being part of the LENR revolution!

    Now as for AR’s comment “See you soon, my great Friend and Master Sergio!”
    Lets all hope it isn’t too soon.

  • Andrea G

    Riposa in Pace Prof. Focardi, non sarai dimenticato.

    • bruce williams

      Sonno completimento d’accordo.Grazie molto per lu tua contribizione.

      • Roger Bird

        Sergio Focardi is no longer speaking Italian. He can read your intentions.

  • captain

    From time to time I like to remember this:

    Sabato 9 aprile 2011 Il professor Focardi spiega la “fusione fredda” Ni-H (already published in this blog), Focardi says in 2011:

    We came to perform experiments in which the energy produced was in the order of two hundred times the input energy — and that’s
    quite a factor. The only weak point is that this is thermal energy. If you want to convert it into electrical, you must divide it by two; on the other hand, well, you still have a factor of
    one hundred!

  • GreenWin

    Given a respectful time for Dr. Focardi’s passing, I am proposing a thought project – theoretical 275kWe generator based on the Energent Microsteam Power System:

    This turbine requires steam at 4k-20klbs/hour @200psig. It appears to be a perfect match to an oil cooled Hot Cat boiler – if one can be made. Engineering comments requested.

    While this system should work well for distributed energy applications, I will throw in an additional challenge. Assemble a unit small and light enough to become the prime electric drive for a marine application (small ship/cruiser). Major challenge is where to obtain Hot Cat “drive” energy? Can a battery bank provide enough drive and be maintained by the genset output/charging?

    One does not like open flames on modern ships – so the methane drive mechanism is less appealing and cannot be renewed onboard.

    • captain

      It looks fine for e-cat: put your hint on Rossi’s JONP!

    • Iggy Dalrymple

      Greenwin, this package from Carrier looks like the same equipment. Maybe Rossi’s hint about sailing on a “carrier” alluded to this.

      • Roger Bird

        I am amazed that they said that they could get, what was it, 65% efficiency. Isn’t that some kind of world record? I hope that someone who knows more about this than I do will explain.

        And I would remind all of you anti-AGW people just as I had to just now remind myself, most attempts to reduce CO2 emissions (which are pointless) also reduce all other emissions, including particulates, SO2, NO2, CO, etc. etc. etc. And these emissions kill and maim people, often via DNA damage. So, if the AGW hysterians want to keep count by CO2 emissions, I don’t mind. But sequestration of CO2 and so many other idiotic ideas I won’t be supporting.

      • GreenWin

        Thanks Iggy. Hadn’t seen that video. Yes, the Energent Microsteam is a branded version of the Carrier unit. And yes, Rossi’s American partner is connected. They claim up to 78% efficiency probably assuming the waste steam is 100% loss without the Microsteam.

        What we still have not seen is a boiler configuration that would efficiently transfer the E-CatHT heat to a water boiler. If a boiler with a form factor equivalent to this Microsteam could be built – Rossi and Co. have an excellent commercial product capable of generating 275kWe 3phase electricity.

        Sold at average U.S. consumer rate of 13.1cents/kWh generated over 24/7 * 52weeks = $314,670.72 less operating cost, capital, and “drive” overhead. Consider drive at 30% flat (actually less per w E-Cat specs) – subtract 94,401.21 you get $220,269.51 annual income.

        Unaccounted is cost E-CATHT boiler capable of 4k-20klbs/hour @200psig. Could be a business. Please check these calcs for error.

  • hempenearth

    Focardi worked with both Rossi and Piantelli. It would be nice if they could work together in peace as a tribute to Focardi, or at least come to a settlement.

  • Herman Grand Barbu

    Sergio Focardi was really a great man, so humble as we all should be.
    His impact is much greater than his fundamental contribution to LENR.
    We never forget you.

  • Roger Bird

    For those of you who look at the evidence rather than merely worship at the feet of the science gods:

  • AB

    Mourning in the University: Sergio Focardi has disappeared

    June 24, 2013

    Emeritus Professor of Physics at the University of Bologna, and was for many years dean of the Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences and one of the main promoters of the Degree in Computer Science in the branches of the Cesena and Bologna

    After a long illness, passed away in the night between Friday and Saturday Sergio Focardi, professor emeritus of Physics at the University of Bologna.

    After graduating at the Scuola Normale of Pisa, in 1954 he moved to Bologna Institute of Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy today, where he was able to give an important impetus to research and teaching. Professor since 1977, he became professor emeritus in 2004.

    E ‘was for many years dean of the Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences of the Alma Mater and for some years director of INFN Bologna. It ‘was one of the main promoters of the Degree in Computer Science at the premises of the University in Cesena and Bologna. For many years he was a member of the Council of the Italian Physical Society (SIF).

    Eminent scientist of experimental physics began working in elementary particle physics building one of the first hydrogen bubble chamber and conducting several experiments at CERN in Geneva. He then dedicated to the research of gravimetry looking for any changes that preludessero the presence of a “fifth force” fundamental nature. Finally, he made a great contribution to the research on Nuclear Fusion “cold”, research has continued to support until the end. Author of numerous scientific publications, teaching and outreach has made a fundamental contribution to the physics of Bologna. Teacher, colleague and friend for many sincere scientists Bologna, national and international.

    The funeral will be held Monday, June 24 at 11 am at the Parish of St. Egidio (via San Donato, 38 – Bologna).

  • Gérard2013

    I hope that the recent history will recognize it as one of the forerunners of a new page of physical science …

    In French

    J’espère que l’histoire proche le reconnaîtra comme un des précurseurs d’une nouvelle page de la science physique…


    What was his age ?

    • captain

      Born 1932.

  • Jackob

    Well, the wise man should ask himself:
    What do you benefit if you gain the whole world but lose your own soul ?

    • Roger Bird

      And what is the point regarding the subject of this post? I see no one endangering their own soul, not even skeptopaths, certainly not Sergio Focardi, and not cold fusion explorers. So, what is your point?

      • fortyniner

        Possibly just our new tro11 ‘hopeful’ back for another go, this time with a different tag and a slightly different ‘caring’ camouflage.

      • Jackob

        Well, our life is too short ( could be 70 and with strength 80 and most of it tiredness and discomfort – As our father Jacob stated), the wise man should think about the after.

        • GreenWin

          Yeah Jack, I think about “after” the snakes and clowns are retired to the Big House and the human race is introduced to inexpensive, abundant energy for all. What a Wonderful World!

          What gains a man who pours out blessing upon the whole world??

          • Rockyspoon

            A lot.

            And I think God would be pleased with such a person–especially if that person had to battle snakes and all sorts of obstacles to bring it about.

  • AB

    Frank Acland:
    The contribution of Prof. Sergio Focardi has been mainly in the safety issues: without hios help in this matter I couldn’t make my work; beside this, he teached to me much of the Physics I needed to know and also made all the preliminary measurements that we made on the reactors in 2007, 2008 2009, 2010. Thousands of measurements, before daring to make the first presentation in January 2011.
    In the Brasimone nuclear facility ( in the Italian Appennines, between Bologna and Florence) we made tests to measure the radiations outside the reactor at full power, in destructive tests.
    He mastered the situation as only he was able to do. By the way, in the same Brasimone center he had made an important experiment regarding the search of gravitons.
    Warm Regards,

    For those curious about the comment on the Brasimone nuclear facility.

  • luis davico

    Estimado Sr. Andrea Rossi:
    Siento mucho la perdida de su maestro y amigo, por lo que le hago llegar mi mas sentido pesar y le deseo que continue con mucha fuerza, el desarrollo de esta nueva tecnología, la humanidad les deberá mucho y sabrá reconocer sus sacrificios.

    Un fuerte abrazo

    Luis Davico