A Theory to Address the Mysteries of LENR (Axil Axil)

The following post was submitted by Axil Axil

The greatest mystery associated with LENR and the hardest question to answer is how nuclear energy production can occur without gamma ray emissions and unstable isotope production. This most puzzling behavior of the LENR reaction could well be explained by a newly discovered but experimentally verified Quantum mechanical protocol called Quantum Energy Teleportation(QET)

QET is a process where energy is transfered between to particles through the vacuum using quantum entanglement in a many bodied system.

QET requires two conditions to hold; first the sender of the energy and the receiver of the energy must be entangled with each other, second, the energy must be produced by the sender and received by the receiver.

First, we will talk about how high energy entanglement happens. Quantum Mechanics(QM) is impervious to common sense. The most counter intuitive principle that confuses us is how a very hot and energetic environment can exist in a state of coherence, entanglement, and Bose condensation.

But first, let us understand how the vacuum works.

This perception is universal among all of us; we think that only gases cooled to temperatures near absolute zero can be coherent and entangled. So how can such an uniform and stable environment be produced at the roiling and searing temperatures that vaporize metal.

Such an unexpected condition is a direct result of the prime rules in QM, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principal (HUP). The HUP is a fundamental theory in quantum mechanics that defines why a scientist cannot measure multiple quantum variables simultaneously. This rule states that the energy of a particle and its position are tied together.

Quantum uncertainty has real effects on things. Early on, Heisenberg offered an observer effect at the quantum level as a physical explanation of quantum uncertainty. As time rolled on, it became clear that the uncertainty principle is inherent in the properties of all wave-like systems, and that it arises in quantum mechanics simply due to the combined matter wave nature of all quantum objects; In other words, that is everything in our world. The uncertainty principle actually defines a fundamental property of quantum systems. It is a physical explanation of reality and is not a statement about the observational success of current technology. In order to understand LENR, we must look on the subatomic world as waves and waves have a long reach that can extend a long way.

First, let us talk about the vacuum and how the excitation of the vacuum changes the nature of the vacuum. See the section of the reference starting on page 12 at the bottom of page 12 until we get to the end of section two.

http://www.tuhep.phys.tohoku.ac.jp/~hotta/extended-version-qet-review.pdf

The HUP is real in its nature. This protocol actually defines what happens to a particle as a result of energy added to the vacuum. Usually, when the particle is restricted to a small space, its energy goes up. Think of a particle as a tiger. When given a wide plain to relax in, it finds a tree to lay under where it stays put. But is that tiger is put in a small cage, the nervous animal paces back and forth trying to find a way out. But the converse is also true. Strange enough, when the energy of the vacuum that houses the pair of particles goes up, the position of the two particles will come together and they become one particle.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squeezed_coherent_state

When the vacuum that encloses two or more particles becomes saturated with EMF energy, these particles share their waveforms through the 5th dimension with out the 4 dimensional world knowing anything about it so that the particles become entangled and equal in energy. Yes, there is a 5th dimension in theoretical physics.

If a spark is discharged, the vacuum in the vicinity of the spark becomes excited because energy from the spark goes into the vacuum. The vacuum wants to maintain a zero energy level, so the vacuum reduces the energy of another part of the vacuum below the zero enrgy point. This state of affairs is called negative energy. The scientific condition is called a squeezed vacuum.

Think of the vacuum as a lake with waves on its surface. If a meteor comes down and inparts a large amount of energy to that lake, the waves, the water, and the fish will all disappear. The surface of the lake will be squeezed by the energy of excitation that the meteor has imparted into it and the fluctuation in the background energy of the lake will go away. The lake can no longer impart energy fluctuations to any particles that were floating on the surface of the lake. Any particles on the lake’s surface cannot change their nature by the absorption of random fluctuations.

All these particles will remain entangled with each other until the water comes back into the lake bed.. They will combine into one super particle no matter where they were located physically on the surface of the lake before the meteor hit.

Saying this in another way, if two or more particles are enclosed in a strong enough magnetic field, they will share energy and become entangled because the vacuum is saturated with energy. These multiple particles become essentially one particle while the vacuum is saturated.

The energetic vacuum suppresses quantum fluctuations and decoherence is disabled. The system becomes entangled with total energy sharing.  See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zD1U1sIPQ4

Because the soliton (BoB) is composed of many Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), the energy that is produced by the collection of particles at the other end of the magnetic beam (Alice) even if the Alice particles are separated far apart from each other, the Alice particles will be teleported together and the energy of their fusion will be shared equally among all the individual entangled and coherent SPPs inside the soliton.

Axil Axil

  • Stephen

    Thanks Axil Axil for posting this and taking the time to explain this concept. Although I tend to focus on traditional physics processes, I also feel that at some fundemental level physics works on the level of waves, entanglement and vacume energy. It’s tempting especially when dealing with high energy physics to think of things solely as particles and collision but it is sometimes exactly in this state where the wave nature is more apparent. It will be great if your ideas give us some insight in to this process. I need to think a bit more on your QET concept but I will enjoy thinking on it.

  • Gerard McEk

    Thank you for your always visionary views on LENR Axil. It would solve at least one of the great LENR questions. Would you think also vast energies can be entangled so they can be teleported over huge distances?

  • Josh G

    Axil, kudos to you for taking the first stab at tying your theory together. I need to chew on this for a while, but in the meantime I want to point out that the author on the paper you linked to on QET, Masahiro Hotta, is at the physics department at Tohoku university — the same department where they just announced that major joint research effort on LENR with Clean Planet and Mitsubishi. That effort is going to be run out of the Research Center for Electron Photon Science, which is part of the Nuclear Physics group and is going to be run by someone else, Prof. Hama. Professor Hotta, though, is located in the Particle Theory and Cosmology group. So I don’t know how much interaction they have. But perhaps you could consider e-mailing professor Hotta with some of your ideas about the role of QET in LENR and suggest he give some consideration to it, especially now that they’ve opened the new research center in his department.

    FWIW, a brief scan of the department there shows that it is an excellent choice for opening a LENR research center, since they have lots of expertise and ongoing research efforts into condensed matter physics: http://www.phys.tohoku.ac.jp/eng/field/index.html

    Looking at Hotta’s CV, there is an interesting paper on quantum energy teleportation with trapped ions, and what’s interesting about that paper is that they show QET between trapped ions across a crystal without generating heat (via phonons). To my mind this raises the question, then, of how the heat energy is generated through QET. *If* QET solves the problem of no gammas, can it then also tell us how heat/phonon energy is generated? Is this somehow related to the SPPs as carriers of heat energy to the system and then back out?
    http://www.tuhep.phys.tohoku.ac.jp/~hotta/

  • GreenWin

    Interesting Axil. The concept of teleportation is germane only to a 3-4 dimensional space. We tend to think of entangled particles at a distance “teleporting” across 4 dimensional space time. However, as you note, viewed from higher dimensions, space-time is irrelevant and entangled pairs are united as one (particle or wave.) David Bohm explained this well with his fish tank example – a single fish is photographed from two cameras separated by 90 degrees. Viewed on two monitors one might think they are looking at two separate fish – when in fact is is simply ONE fish viewed from two separate angles.

    This is a fun thought exercise, but I’m not sure how we get nuclear level heat as with the E-Cat from this concept. You do suggest there may be relativistic effects driving LENR – which makes sense given the need for nanoscale NAEs – which could be contracting pace time.

    • georgehants

      Morning GreenWin, Leonard Susskind does his bit again.
      https://www.quantamagazine.org/20150424-wormholes-entanglement-firewalls-er-epr/
      ——-
      Darkness cannot drive out darkness, only light can do that.
      Martin Luther King

      • GreenWin

        Morning George. I greatly enjoyed this article, it kept me awake late. Leonard is always thinking and better, imagining. The suggestion that ER=EPR is still confined by 4 dimensional space-time. Such relativistic view would allow time travel, forward and backward via entangled worm holes. However, viewed from higher dimensions, time and distance are human conventions. Further Lenny and Juan leave out the quantum “measurement problem” – or more specifically the role of observer consciousness – in these thought experiments.

        If as the measurement problem demonstrates, particles exist due to an observer, we must extrapolate to the cosmic scale. EPR entanglement suggests distance, time and luminal limits are a solely a product of human perception, or consciousness. It would be fun to include Stuart Hammeroff and Roger Penrose in these discussions. That would force the conversation to consider terrestrial physics and cosmology are entirely dependent on human consciousness. Ha!

        • georgehants

          GreenWin, we would then move into discussions concerning the real reality.
          The times they are a changing I think, slowly, to where the forward looking scientists have been for 80 years.
          John von Neumann in his Masterpiece –
          Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics, is the boy that first logically showed that all Quantum leads back to the Mind.I can only say Wonderful day. Ha.

  • Mytakeis

    Thanks for bringing the 5th dimension into the contemplation of achieving LENR. Not so theoretical, if imagining a composition of universes. Your posits, I Intuit, have hit upon something big.

  • Axil Axil

    Supporting evidence for teleportation.

    The complete conversion of a 10 nm diameter nickel particle might provide supporting evidence that protons find their way into the center of these massive particles by teleportation…like in star trek. A proton does not need to find its way through large amounts of nickel by bumping and grinding their way through all that nickel. These protons just appear like magic inside the micro particle.

    If the protons did physically penetrate the nickel particle, we would expect that the outer layers of the particle would experience more nuclear reactions than the center of the particle. The outside of the particle should have some copper and/or zinc content, and the inside should still have some lower Z isotopes of nickel.

    But NO, the particle is pure Ni62, completely humorous Ni62, utterly pure Ni62. It must be that the protons see no resistance to the penetration of the nickel. The entangled protons mated with with each nickel atom.move via the 5th dimension directly through the nickel bulk to its entangled nickel mate into the center of the micro particle or to its edge with equal probability. This looks like proton teleportation to me. .

    Yes, this is impossible to believe, If it weren’t for logic and the results of experiment, what other answer could there be?

    • Josh G

      But we don’t know what form/shape the nickel particles take at high temperatures. We cannot really extrapolate from post-mortem analysis to what it’s like when the system is in full swing. And there is SO MUCH that we don’t know about what’s going on inside at high temperatures.

      Also, doesn’t QET deal with energy transfer rather than particle (proton) transfer…?

  • GordonDocherty

    Excellent article – now, let’s hope it is read by many 🙂

  • Zack Iszard

    Axil, is it possible that the momentum of an SPP’s collective electrons might be degenerate, via the de Broglie relation, to some of the observed nuclear transitions and excitations? I’m too time-crunched right now to whip out a calculator, but the de Broglie frequency of resonant matter-waves (SPP’s electrons are an example) might coincide with emitted gammas or with excited nuclear transition states. The precise mechanism is less important: when two wave phenomena are degenerate, the probability of those otherwise unrelated wave phenomena interacting with each other becomes very significant. SPPs, as quasiparticles, or even SPs and Ps individually, are a perfect illustration of this principle. I will avoid saying that fuel particles themselves can behave as matter-waves, as such bulk matter waves have only been observed extensively at very low temperatures.

    This idea implies that certain “resonant” (degenerate) energy environments are needed for any nuclear transitions to occur, and that overshooting or undershooting each “transition window” gives the null result. With a large variety of particle sizes in the fuel and a large variety of agitating magnetic waves (Parkhomov’s “dirty” waveform), the probability of accidentally reaching some of these transition windows – just enough for excess heat – is pretty good. This idea of de Broglie degeneracy with transitions also helps explain some of the extremely energetic LENR accidents (explosions and such), if we assume these experiments worked too well. “Lucky” particle size distribution and agitation energies should massively increase the probability of transition.

    Perhaps the trick is to form SPPs that are degenerate with a transition state adjacent to SPPs that are degenerate with the resulting gammas or excess ejection momentum of neutrons. If this notion of de Broglie degeneracy holds, then one could put off thinking about precise mechanism and focus on the energy states themselves when designing a system.

    • Axil Axil

      One of the most difficult types of LENR that theory must explain is very low power reactions such as the NANOR were the EMF power level used involves voltage at 10ths to 100ths of volts and a fraction of a MilliAmps. and the golden ball, and the most problematical is bacterial based LENR. In these very low level input power cases, the reaction does look like the effects of the reaction are additive over an extended time frame, EMF energy is gradually added to the target nucleus until a threshold is reached, whereupon a reaction takes place. The reaction produces nuclear energy but it is not thermalized an nuclear radiation from the reaction appears.

      In these very low energy cases, a resonance based energy environments is needed where EMF energy is gradually added until a tipping point is reached and a nuclear transition occurs. In this low level power case, the solitary nucleus might only be involved, where a proton is converted to a neutron. But this low level systems might need a theory developed elusively just for them. In any case, this low level case will add a wider understanding of the LENR reaction overall.

  • Axil Axil

    Regarding the Chronology protection conjecture

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_protection_conjecture

    Dr. Kim has reported in the experiments he conducted with the DGT reactor, the production of Bosenova as the final event in the life of a SPP soliton. Since these experiments, Dr Kim has incorporated the Bosenova as the energy distribution mechanism in his LENR theories. I had wondered what mechanism of the LENR reaction might cause such quantum mechanical explosions to occur as a part of the LENR reaction.

    If the soliton was a region of spactime where negative vacuum energy accumulates, then a plank scale wormhole would form at the center of the soliton. As energy accumulated inside the soliton the accumulating negative vacuum energy would open up the possibility of time travel. This would not be allowed by the Chronology protection conjecture

    So, it remains uncertain whether quantum-gravitational effects might prevent the energy density from growing large enough to destroy the wormhole. Stephen Hawking conjectured that not only would the pileup of vacuum fluctuations still succeed in destroying the wormhole in quantum gravity, but also that the laws of physics would ultimately prevent any type of time machine from forming; this is the chronology protection conjecture. The soliton would undergo a supernova type collapse where the contents of the soliton fell into the high energy dense center and rebounded in a recoil explosion.

    But the effects of time distortion might be felt by the particles that were entangled with the soliton. The stabilization of erstwhile unstable nuclear isotopes might be effected by accelerated spacetime as negative energy accumulated in the soliton before the bosenova.

  • Axil Axil

    http://phys.org/news/2015-04-universe-hologram.html

    When quantum particles are entangled, they cannot be described individually. They form a single quantum object, even if they are located far apart. There is a measure for the amount of entanglement in a quantum system, called “entropy of entanglement”. Together with Arjun Bagchi, Rudranil Basu and Max Riegler, Daniel Grumiller managed to show that this entropy of entanglement takes the same value in flat quantum gravity and in a low dimension quantum field theory.

    “This calculation affirms our assumption that the holographic principle can also be realized in flat spaces. It is evidence for the validity of this correspondence in our universe”, says Max Riegler (TU Wien). “The fact that we can even talk about quantum information and entropy of entanglement in a theory of gravity is astounding in itself, and would hardly have been imaginable only a few years back. That we are now able to use this as a tool to test the validity of the holographic principle, and that this test works out, is quite remarkable”, says Daniel Grumiller.

    This however, does not yet prove that we are indeed living in a hologram – but apparently there is growing evidence for the validity of the correspondence principle in our own universe.

  • Axil Axil

    Well now Mr. Rossi, how do you explain why your reactor only emits gamma radiation when it is cold?

    The donkey bridge that all LENR theories must cross is to successfully explain how the LENR reaction can occur without the production of gamma radiation, radioactive emission, or unstable isotopes. It is also required to explain how gamma radiation, radioactive emission and neutrons, or unstable isotopes does occur in a cold or under heated reactor. The successful LENR theory must also explain how heat produces the reaction, and how RF radiation can be a product of the reaction.

    What makes a viable theory is how well it can answers the hard questions. Start your theory with why your Hot cat produces pure Ni62 in your micro powder. I am looking forward to read in a followup to this post from the inventor about how he answers these hard questions.

    • Axil Axil

      If Rossi had any sense, he should be amicable to the person who can explain how nuclear processes happen inside his reactor. Such information will give regulators a warm feeling about letting his products safely into the homes and offices of the world.

      A mystery about the reaction is not good for his business.

  • Axil Axil

    Give ITER a call and tell them how simple it is. To date , they have only spent 200 Billion on that reactor. Tell them how it all could be done.

    • giovanniontheweb

      on the oher hand make it complex and expensive will not make it necessarely right.
      Axil Axil, about this point I like your tiger explanation and in that view ITER is smashing tigers at 200mph one against each other in orther to make a new friendship out of the crash maybe not the most adaped way.