Regarding Excitation of Electron–Hole Pairs in LENR (Axil Axil)

The following post was submitted by Axil Axil

Lets put some numbers on this concept to make it more understandable.

There is evidence that heat transfers its energy to photons in LENR. The wavelength of Far infrared EMF is about 1 millimeter. We know that the Rossi reactor produces a maximum EMF in the soft X-ray range or an EMF photon in the 10 nanometer range.

In the Ni/H reactor there is a process that increases the energy of the photon from 1 mm to 10 nm.

Since 1 millimeter = 1 000 000 nanometers, there is an energy amplification factor of 100,000.

There is a nano structure that produces this amplification of EMF power by 100,000. We know that when a photon is confined in a nano sized box, that photon will adjust its wavelength to resonate inside that box. The nano box that produces soft x-rays is sized to resonate in the circumference of 10 nanometers. So the nano box has a radius of about 3 nanometers.

The heat energy is converted to dipole vibration by the free electrons on the surface of the metal.

The spin of a dipole electron/photon hybrid or SPP is 2. But the nano box also amplifies this spin by a factor of 100,000 to conserve angular momentum. This is like an ice-skater who pulls in her arms to rotate in a smaller circumference. The tuck in of her arms increases her rotation rate.

For every SPP that goes into the nano-box, its spin is amplified to produce 200,000 Bohr magnetons. That is like having 800,000 magnetized iron atoms for every SPP that the heat photon produces.

When the nano box is filled to the maximum with SPPs, it will explode into a bosenova. At this point, the energy stored in the nano-box is returned to the system. This return happens when the electrons and x-ray photons decouple to produce independent electrons and x-rays. These soft x-rays are seen in many LENR systems such as cavitation, Mills catalysts as black light, and Ni/H reactors.

Because the SPP is a boson, coulomb repulsion does not limit the number of SPPs that can be packed into a nano-box. At this juncture, it is unknown how many SPPs can be packed into a nano-box before it explodes. But the number of SPPs could be very large. You can now see how a very powerful magnetic beam can be generated from heat energy.

The nano-box is a magnetic vortex or soliton because all the SPPs are coherent and form a Bose Einstein condensate. Like a tornado, the soliton focuses the magnetic field produced by the SPPs into a tight spot that shines on the matter near the soliton. This strong magnetic field does unusual things to the matter and space that falls within the influence of this magnetic beam. This concentration of heat energy into a focused magnetic field I believe underpins the nature of LENR.

Axil Axil

  • Andreas Moraitis

    Those who have in mind the Latin origin of the term „supernova“ (a seemingly new star was called „stella nova“, or simply “nova”) might not be happy with the “bosenova” neologism. Apart form this, an interesting post.

  • Gerard McEk

    I like the way you try to explain the SPP to the crowd, Axil. What is not clear to me, is what happens to the Hydrogen proton. Is that also part of the SPP?

    • Axil Axil

      The proton or hydrogen ion is part of the 100 or so atoms of a hydrogen nanoparticle (Rydberg matter), The electron is oscillating on the surface of the nanoparticle. The hydrogen can also be incorporated on the positively charged side of a hydride crystal when the proton is captured in a lithium or aluminum electron cloud.

      • Mats002

        I like to read your creative thinking even though I struggle with both vocabulary and concepts I might be expected to know (like what is an SPP). With my limited abilities I wonder; where is the transmutations in this process?

        • Axil Axil

          A Surface Plasmon Poloriton (SPP) is a dipole that is excited by heat. Heat causes an electron on the surface of a metal to move away from its nucleus, but the nucleus always pulls it back towards it again. This sets up an oscillation like a metronome. Elections that vibrate produces and alternating current and when an electron is forced to oscillate in a circular path, they produce a magnetic field.

          The way to get electrons to oscillate in a circle is to run that electron into a barrier, like an edge of a nanoparticle or have it hit a nano-pit or a nanobump on the surface of metal. LENR always happens on a rough surface, and the reason for that is the requirement to generated vortexes using nanostructures on that surface.

          • Mats002

            Thanks Axil, this answer together with your answer to artefact above gave me the feeling of a complete process, what about how to start the process? Why are special startup procedures needed for Parkhomov/MFMP and how to control this process when started? Just thinking out loud.

  • artefact

    Axil Axil, how would you integrate the hydrogen anion into your described process? How would it be different to h or h+?

    • Axil Axil

      In my view of LENR for the Ni/H reactor, the reaction is a two step process. First, a strong magnetic field is generated that is directed at one or more nuclei. This is a result of electron motion without any hydrogen anion causation.

      Second, the magnetic field disrupts the nuclei that it falls upon. This can include hydrogen anions, hydrides, or any chemical configuration of atoms that may exist in the path of the beam. When the magnetic field removes the coulomb barrier of any nuclei and/or electron, anything can happen. Most of the LENR reaction happens in the nanoparticles of hydrogen and other Rydberg crystals leading to the creation of light elements through fusion. If the nanoparticle clusters are in range of the nickel, fusion of hydrogen with nickel is possible. To complicate things even more, the magnetic field can also change neutron to protons and vice versa in a process called magnetic catalysis by aligning quarks in a one dimensional string along its field lines.

      The magnetic beam also becomes a conduit for nuclear binding energy that feeds this EMF based binding energy that would ordinarily come out as a gamma ray into the soliton in a positive feedback mechanism. Most often, this beam also greatly increases the stabilization of radioactive isotopes caused by transmutation.

      • Andreas Moraitis

        Is that magnetically catalyzed nucleon transformation the same as beta decay, and is there experimental evidence for it?

        • Axil Axil

          The experiments are done in heavy ion collisions because of the high magnetic field strengths required. A quark gluon plasma can produce these strong magnetic fields. Otherwise in the lab, the production of strong magnetic fields are not possible. However, Dr Kim saw these very strong fields and the Bosnova in the DGT reactor.

          • Andreas Moraitis

            Kim and Hadjichristos measured up to 1.6 Tesla in 20 cm distance from their reactor, which means that (if this number is correct) the field strength inside the device must have been enormous. I doubt that it could have reached the order of magnitude that is mentioned in the document you pointed to, but in any case the field might have been be able to initiate some atypical process.

          • Axil Axil

            There is another factor that adds to the power calculation. If all the billions of solitons are coherent, their power is additive. The entire soliton ensemble would form a single super soliton.

            This is why I am interested in magnetic measurements near the core of the dog bone.

          • Axil Axil

            What is difficult to answer is how the very weak LENR systems like the Golden balls and the NANOR can produce nuclear energy when the input power they use is almost non existent.