The Seven Steps to E-Cat Energy (Hank Mills)

The following post was submitted by Hank Mills

Constructing an E-Cat replication is not exactly simple: there are countless issues to consider. However, the very basic steps are now obvious to those who have kept up with the saga, read the patents, and studied the replications that have taken place so far.

1 – Get a reactor tube composed of stainless non-magnetic steel or alumina.

2 – Collect the fuel ingredients: elemental lithium powder, carbonyl nickel, and lithium aluminum hydride.

3 – Bake the nickel for a period of time at 200C or above to remove water and increase porosity, grind the LiAlH4 to a smaller particle size, and mix the ingredients together. Remember to abide by ALL NECESSARY SAFETY PRECAUTIONS. Use a glove box with an atmosphere that does not react with lithium, wear safety equipment, make sure you are in a laboratory environment, etc.)

4 – Place fuel in tube and seal ends with compression fittings, ceramic putty, plugs, etc.

5 – Wrap with resistance wire and make sure that there will not be a short.

6 – Apply stimulation in the form of heat.

7 – Apply stimulation in the form of a varying electric field: pulsed DC, chopped AC, squarewaves.

With enough testing, you should detect excess heat.

Hank Mills

  • Adam Lepczak

    Excellent post Hank! Can the source of Li come from the dead laptop batteries?

  • Jamie Sibley

    Regular lithium batteries (not Li-ion) are an easy source of pure lithium, just check youtube for examples. From the videos, people are seen handling pure lithium with their bare hands in regular air.

    I propose some additions to the above instructions:

    1) Moisten the nickel powder before heating

    2) Heat the nickel powder very rapidly to cause flash boiling instead of just evaporation

    3) Since elemental lithium reacts with aluminum oxide at high temperatures to form lithium aluminate, aluminum oxide may be a critical component of the reaction. Aluminum oxide particles were found in the Laguno report I believe. Aluminum oxide granules should be tried in the above fuel.

    4) Passing an electric current through the fuel may be necessary. At high temperatures, alumina may become conductive enough to allow electricity from the wound coil to enter the fuel. However, passing an alternating current directly through the fuel may be advantageous.

    • Bob Greenyer

      Perhaps the best way to flash boil is to do it in a microwave, but it needs testing – Microwaves are tuned only to heat water – worth a try.

      • Obvious

        A microwave never to be used for food after…. if it survives the lightning storm inside it.

        • Bob Greenyer

          haha – you saw through my evil plan

  • carbonyl nickel is not only carcinogenic, but the carbonyl is a silent quick but delayed killer (because of its CO content and metal beside).

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nickel_tetracarbonyl

    The hazards of Ni(CO)4 are far greater than that implied by its CO content, reflecting the effects of the nickel if released in the body. Nickel carbonyl may be fatal if absorbed through the skin or more likely, inhaled due to its high volatility. ItsLC50 for a 30-minute exposure has been estimated at 3 ppm, and the concentration that is immediately fatal to humans would be 30 ppm. Some subjects exposed to puffs up to 5 ppm described the odour as musty or sooty, but because the compound is so exceedingly toxic, its smell provides no reliable warning against a potentially fatal exposure.[12]

    The vapours of Ni(CO)4 can autoignite. The vapor decomposes quickly in air, lasting only about a minute.[13]

    Nickel carbonyl poisoning is characterized by a two-stage illness. The first consists of headaches and chest pain lasting a few hours, usually followed by a short remission. The second phase is a chemical pneumonitis which starts after typically 16 hours with symptoms of cough, breathlessness and extreme fatigue. These reach greatest severity after four days, possibly resulting in death from cardiorespiratory or renal failure. Convalescence is often extremely protracted, often complicated by exhaustion,depression and dyspnea on exertion. Permanent respiratory damage is unusual. The carcinogenicity of Ni(CO)4 is a matter of debate.

    • GordonDocherty

      I would hope he means high-purity nickel grains produced through the Mond process… leave carbonyl nickel to the experts, such as:

      http://www.vale.com/EN/aboutvale/news/Pages/refinaria-da-vale-no-reino-unido-e-reconhecida-mundialmente.aspx

      so, “carbonyl-nickel sourced nickel” or some such phrase 🙂

    • Obvious

      Carbonyl nickel is not the same as nickel carbonyl.

      • ah, I probably was fooled by this language error…

        I think you won the point… all seems to say it is nickel produced by Mond process, English grammar and safety…
        +1

        • Obvious

          I can see the problem for French translation.
          Several languages.

  • Nigel Appleton

    Use at your own discretion! Take care!!!!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BliWUHSOalU

  • Bob Greenyer
  • gdaigle

    Thanks for the posting, Hank. Do we know how many replications have succeeded with different forms of electric stimulation? Pulsed DC vs chopped AC, sine waves vs square waves?

  • Paul

    Hank, on which basis do you think that Rossi uses carbonyl nickel??? I’m sure that he and his collaborators did not use it, because otherwise they would be already dead. Indeed, they did not use the protecionn required for extremely dangerous chemicals like carbonyl nickel. No responsible Lenr scientist who knows well the chemistry would use carbonyl nickel because he knows with the type of protections normally used in their laboratores it would be a Russian roulette for his life.

    • Ted-X

      Non-chemists do not understand the difference between carbonyl nickel (pure Ni) and nickel carbonyl [ a volatile and higly toxic compound, Ni(CO)4]. Carbonyl nickel is as safe as any other nickel, the word “carbonyl” just refers to the purification method (via distillation of nickel carbonyl).
      ——————————
      Regardless of the kind of nickel powder, some quantity of the volatile nickel carbonyl will be formed in the LENR reactor, if there is some oxygen and carbon present there, such as residual acetone, carbon and water etc.). This is due to the principles of chemical equilibrium, which is likely to be achieved quite quickly at the LENR temperatures. The presence of this “trace” of nickel carbonyl in the LENR reactor might be the key to the formation of nickel nanoparticles in the vapor phase and potentially on the surface of nickel particles or lithium liquid phase.
      ——————————
      LENR REPLICATORS: open the LENR reactor in a fume-hood or let it vent for 5 minutes before approaching any potential vapors from the reactor. Even traces of nickel carbonyl volatile compound Ni(CO)4 are very toxic.

  • Mats002

    So, let’s say I am a chemistry teacher at a collage (higher education) at the average school in the average town. What’s in it for me and my students? “official science” have not yet embraced LENR – at least not officially – why should I stick my neck out on this endavour?

    • greggoble

      “official science”??? How about the folks at CERN, or NASA, or Mitsubishi, or SPAWAR, or STMicroelectronics? Contact them and ask your questions… or ask your smartest students. You have much to learn from them.

      Further thoughts on this subject found here… nano physics is new physics…

      FORBIDDEN TRANSMUTATIONS IN SCIENCE
      Khimiia I Zhizni (Chemistry and Life) COMPLETE TEXT OF THE PAPER IS HERE
      https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B1_tFmz65k8Bbi12c19BdFp6bTdxYVJaOFd1QTN2dWNkYWtr/view?usp=sharing

      In science there exist some forbidden themes, taboos. Today very few scientists dare to work in these fields that are complex, muddy, and difficult. Here it is easy to loose your reputation, you have high chances to be considered a pseudo scientist and you cannot obtain grants/funding. In science it is dangerous to go outside the frame of accepted ideas to enter in conflict with the dogma. However there just due to the efforts of those brave Scientists who dare to not be as everybody else that new ways in knowledge are opened.

      We have repeatedly stated that during the development of sciences, dogma start to get a status of dominant, prejudicial knowledge- that has happened in biology, physics and in chemistry. We had witnessing how the teaching of “the composition and the properties of compounds do not depend on the way by which it was obtained” was ruined/removed by nanotechnology. It was shown how the properties are essentially changed by nanotechnology, for example how gold ceases to be a noble metal.

  • Andrew

    I’m not a scientist by any means but if the process used to create Raney nickel could be modified to use lithium as well as aluminium this would create a very porus high surface area nickel powder with lithium close to the reaction surface.

  • Freethinker is getting a really strange behaviour with his reactor!
    http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/Thread/1872-Freethinker-s-replication-attempts/?postID=7319#post7319

    The radiation is reproducable increasing at some point and it looks like he’s seeing temperature anomalies.

  • Freethinker is getting a really strange behaviour with his reactor!
    http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/Thread/1872-Freethinker-s-replication-attempts/?postID=7319#post7319

    The radiation is reproducable increasing at some point and it looks like he’s seeing temperature anomalies.