New Paper: “Binuclear Atoms: a model to explain Low Energy Nuclear Reactions” (Paolo Accomazzi)

A new paper has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics: “Binuclear Atoms: a model to explain Low Energy NuclearReactions” by Paolo Accomazzi. The full text can be found here:

Here are some excerpts:

The Abstract

In this paper we show that Helium-like Hydrogen spectra obtained by Randell L. Mills and Ultra Dense Hydrogen obtained by Holmlid [2] are interpretable as experimental evidences of Binuclear Atoms. The Hydrogen Binuclear Atom, a model proposed 25 years ago, is a metastable configuration in which the two nuclei are held together at a very short distance in an atom-like configuration.This should be a peculiar con guration of the Hydrogen molecule where nuclei are characterized by a high kinetic energy, and nuclear motion is coupled with electronic motion. This is a completely different model from the usual Born-Oppenheimer picture of atoms and molecules we are used to, where nuclei oscillate about their equilibrium positions and electronic motion is decoupled from the nuclear one.The identification of Helium-like Hydrogen Spectra and Ultra Dense Hydrogen as Binuclear Atoms has a strong impact on one of the main objections to Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR): the overcoming of the Coulomb barrier thus identifying a sound mechanism for the occurrence of LENR.

Far for being conclusive, this work has the only aim to take this hypothesis more seriously, and focus the attention of people interested in LENR mechanism on this subject.

Closing Remarks

We have tried to show that the Binuclear Atom model is able to explain different peculiarexperimental results. The existence of helium-like Hydrogen spectra, which occurr only inHelium-Hydrogen mixed plasma, points to a formation of a metastable form of Hydrogencharacterized by a high protonic kinetic energy and helium-like electronic spectrum. On the other hand, the evidence of Ultra Dense Hydrogen may be interpreted as the formation,through the assistance of a metallic surface, of another metastable Hydrogen characterized by a very short proton-proton distance and a very high kinetic energy.

Last but not least, we can consider the consequences of Ultra Dense Hydrogen in RossiEcat. If Nickel lattice surface is able to form Binuclear Atoms, we may recalculate throughthe Gamow formula the probability that hydrogen gets in contact with Nickel nucleus.Using an energy value for protons of≈1000 eV instead of≈0,13 eV [2, 3], the calculatedprobability value becomesP≈10−12. This is a rather different value than the Rossi andFocardi one, and could account for the occurrence of nuclear reactions.

The Binuclear Atom Model is the missing link between Physics and Chemistry.

  • Andreas Moraitis

    This paper looks intriguing to me. I have suspected for a while that there could be a new type of “compounds” involved in LENR. It would be interesting to know if

    1 – the formation of the hypothesized “binuclear atoms” would already release energy (which might explain excess heat without nuclear signatures), and

    2 – more than two nuclei, or heavier nuclei, could be involved (perhaps an explanation for apparent ‘transmutations’).

  • I always try to explain for a very large people, trying to not misinform.

    Quantum theory attempts to describe atoms at two speeds: the light speed for fields and the mecanic velocity for electrons. In that way, the equilibrium of the interactions is too complex to describe and is not realisable.
    The GUTCP theory describes atoms only at light speed, which is much more efficient.

    The abstract from Paolo Accomazzi says that “the electronic movement is decoupled from nuclear”.
    That does not seem right. When the nucleuses move, they always exchange energy with electrons at light speed. This is fundamental, specially for LENR.

    And that is also a confirmation for the GUTCP theory.

  • Zephir

    In my theory the nuclear fusion can be assisted by momentum attenuation and exchange (Mossbauer lattice effect, Astroblaster effect) within crystal lattice of atoms colliding along a single line. Under such a situation the multiple atom nuclei can be ejected and displaced, so that they emerge beneath the electron coat of another atom. This could be considered as a rational basis of the above theory. But I don’t see any utility in modeling of atoms sharing two or more nuclei with one orbitals as such – such an artifact would be highly unstable and prone to decay.

    The question isn’t how can binuclear atoms initiate cold fusion, but what initiates the binuclear atoms.

  • @Zephir : you said “The question isn’t how can binuclear atoms initiate cold fusion, but what initiates the binuclear atoms.”
    I am unable to compute what exactly happens. But I can suppose 3 conceptual moments.
    When the 2 protons are out of the orbitspheres, they are in neutral zone at any relative speed.
    The transitional moment is when each proton cross the orbitsphere of the other proton.
    Then, 2 protons and 2 centers of orbitspheres form a square with a perfect charge equilibrium.
    Later, 2 protons are in interactions inside and guided by 2 orbitspheres that adapt themselves in a symmetry that could help protons.
    This is not enough when the 2 protons are very close.
    But this system could oscillate and collect enough energy from neighbors protons and orbitspheres.
    This surely losts radiative energy at characteristic frequencies measurable from the outside, as indicated in the reported document.
    Until a stable oscillation where the “mirror” of orbitspheres stabilizes 2 protons.

  • Scott Beach

    Cavitation Energy Systems makes machines that cause water molecules to explode “upon impact within the walls of the impact chamber creating super-heated dry steam”.

    I wonder whether the thermal energy generated by these machines is being liberated by the breaking of binuclear hydrogen atoms.

  • f sedei

    A nice theory that needs proof.

  • TVulgaris

    I couldn’t access the paper directly from your link, I had to go through the JONP files index.